Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), which is divided into three subfields, including Chinese medicine, Chinese herb and acupuncture, attracts increasing attentions due to its challenging and significant medical values. This study employs bibliometric analysis to examine the profile of publication activity in TCM field as well as its subfields. The data are retrieved from the Science Citation Index Expanded database during 1980–2009, and 16,536 papers are identified for analysis. Generally speaking, proportions of papers in subfield of acupuncture decreased dramatically, while the proportions of papers of Chinese medicine and Chinese herb rose increasingly. This study finds that East Asia has the largest number of TCM papers, followed by North America and Europe. Furthermore, while China is ranked first in terms of the amount of TCM publications, USA gains the highest percentage of citations. As for regional specialty, mainly, scholars in East Asia publish intensively in Chinese medicine, while most of the scholars in North America and Europe probe into the study of acupuncture. In the latest two decades, China took the first place over Japan in subfields of both Chinese medicine and Chinese herb, while the US has always kept the largest share in acupuncture with a marked upward trend. Regarding the top-ranked TCM institution, Chinese Academy of Sciences located in China, is ranked first in the subfields of Chinese medicine and Chinese herb as well. As for Kyung Hee University, which is located in South Korea, is ranked first in the number of acupuncture papers and Harvard University is ranked first in number of acupuncture citations.
The sorption of radiocadmium on Ca-montmorillonite as a function of contact time, pH, ionic strength, foreign ions, humic
acid (HA) and fulvic acid (FA) was studied using batch technique. The results demonstrated that the sorption of Cd(II) was
dependent on ionic strength at pH < 9, and was independent of ionic strength at pH > 9. Outer-sphere surface complexation
and/or ion exchange were the main mechanism of Cd(II) sorption on Ca-montmorillonite at low pH, whereas the sorption at high
pH was mainly dominated via inner-sphere surface complexation. The sorption of Cd(II) on Ca-montmorillonite was dependent
on foreign ions at low pH values, but was independent of foreign ions at high pH values. A positive effect of HA/FA on Cd(II)
sorption was found at low pH values, whereas a negative effect was observed at high pH values. The thermodynamic parameters
(i.e., ΔH0, ΔS0, ΔG0) were calculated from the temperature dependent sorption isotherms, and the results indicated that the sorption process of
Cd(II) on Ca-montmorillonite was spontaneous and endothermic.
A novel adsorbent, TiO2/eggshell composite, was synthesized by sol–gel method, and characterized by XRD and FTIR. The removal of 60Co(II) from aqueous solution by TiO2/eggshell was studied as a function of contact time, pH, ionic strength, foreign ions, humic substances and temperature. The
results indicated that the sorption of 60Co(II) on TiO2/eggshell was strongly dependent on pH and ionic strength. The Langmuir, Freundlich and D-R models were applied to simulate
the sorption of 60Co(II) at temperatures of 303.15, 323.15 and 343.15 K. The thermodynamic parameters (ΔH0, ΔS0, ΔG0) calculated from the temperature dependent sorption isotherms indicated that the sorption process of 60Co(II) on TiO2/eggshell was endothermic and spontaneous. At low pH, the sorption of 60Co(II) was dominated by outer-sphere surface complexation or ion exchange, whereas inner-sphere surface complexation was the
main sorption mechanism at high pH. TiO2/eggshell composites have good potentialities for cost-effective disposal of 60Co(II) bearing wastewaters.
Authors:Z. Chen, S. Wang, J. Tang, X. Li, C. Liu, X. Xu, and G. Cao
To provide a convenient and facile method to evaluate the radiochemical purity (RCP) of 99mTc-TRODAT-1 in quality control of routine clinical application, a simplified method of single-strip thin layer chromatography
(TLC) was developed and validated by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The RCP data of TLC correlated well with
Authors:Huang Wei, Jie Xiong, Xiaojun Chen, Xiaoling Gao, Yunshu Xu, and Yibei Fu
Polyether-urethane samples were irradiated at the dose range from 10 to 2000 kGy by 2 MeV electron beams. Volatile species
from the polymer degradation were analyzed quantitatively and qualitatively with GC/MS. Thermal properties and micro-phase
separation of the samples were examined by TG and the morphology was studied by TEM and SEM. The results show that the irradiated
polyether-polyurethane evolves CO2, H2, CH4 and C2H6, etc. The thermal stabilities between the hard and soft segments in the irradiated samples are different. At high doses,
the phase separation in the sample is predominant and the hard segment of sample is more stable. The dose rate affects the
soft segment of the irradiated sample much more.
Authors:Youjiu Zhang, Yujie Xu, Ran Zhu, Mingjiang Hu, Jianxiang Li, Yuejin Chen, Daojin Wang, and Wo Fan
This study examined the tissues distribution and pharmacokinetics of rhTNT-IL2, a fusion protein, in rats and macaques after
iv. injection. The rhTNT-IL2 was labeled with 125I. The 125I-rhTNT-IL2 was administered into rats and macaques at a dose of 250 μg·kg−1 and 125 μg·kg−1, respectively. Upon administration, rhTNT-IL2 declined in tri-exponentially with the half-lives of 1.78 h (T1/2α), 25.06 h (T1/2β), 114.19 h (T1/2γ) for rats and 1.87 h (T1/2α), 9.82 h (T1/2β), 43.17 h (T1/2γ) for macaques. The fraction of 125I-rhTNT-IL2 excreted in feces was low (about 1%), while the majority of 125I-rhTN-IL2 was excreted in urine. The tissue distributions showed that the liver, spleen and heart were major organs for deposition
of the fusion protein in rats and macaques in 48-hour post-injection, and the fusion protein could not penetrate through blood
This study applies bibliometric analysis to investigate the quantity and citation impact of scientific papers in the field of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). The data are collected from 19 CAM journals in the Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-E) database during 1980–2009, and 17,002 papers are identified for analysis. The study analyzes the document types, geographical and institutional distribution of the authorship, including international scientific collaboration. This study suggests that the major type of document is original article. The CAM papers are mostly published by North America, East Asia, and European countries, of which publications authored in East Asia are cited most. Country-wise, major contributors of CAM papers are from USA, People's Republic of China, India, England and Germany. India has the highest CPP value, attracting high attentions in CAM community. This article also finds that international co-authorship in the CAM field has increased rapidly during this period. In addition, internationally collaborated publications generate higher citation impact than papers published by authors from single country. Finally, the research identifies productive institutions in CAM, and China Medical University located in Taiwan is the most productive organization.
Authors:Longshan Zhao, Qing Li, Yan Cui, Jie Wang, Shanshan Xu, Xiaohui Chen, and Kaishun Bi
The thermal decomposition of a new antibiotic agent, cefuroxime lysine, was investigated by thermogravimetry analysis/derivative thermogravimetry and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) methods in anoxic and oxidative environments. The influence of heating rates (including 5, 10, 15, and 20 °C/min) on the thermal behavior of cefuroxime lysine was revealed. By the methods of Kissinger and Flynn–Wall–Ozawa, the thermal kinetic parameters of activation energy and pre-exponential factor for the exothermic processes under non-isothermal conditions were calculated using the analysis of corresponding DSC curves.
Authors:Chen Xu, Jingqi Guan, Shujie Wu, Mingjun Jia, Tonghao Wu, and Qiubin Kan
ITQ-13, a tridirectional medium-pore zeolite containing 9- and 10-member-ring pores, has been successfully synthesized by
a hydrothermal method. The catalytic performance of Mo-ITQ-13 is worse than with Mo-ZSM-5 in the methane aromatization reaction.
It has been shown that 9-member-ring channels favor coke and are a disadvantage in methane non-oxidative aromatization.