Authors:C. Alvarado-Esquivel, S. J. Pacheco-Vega, M. Salcedo-Jaquez, L. F. Sánchez-Anguiano, J. Hernández-Tinoco, E. Rábago-Sánchez, M. M. Centeno-Tinoco, I. D. Flores-Garcia, A. Ramos-Nevarez, S. M. Cerrillo-Soto, C. A. Guido-Arreola, I. Beristain-García, O. Liesenfeld, L. O. Berumen-Segovia, L. Saenz-Soto, and A. Sifuentes-Álvarez
Through a cross-sectional study design, 150 women attending public health centers with a history of stillbirths were examined for anti-Toxoplasma gondii IgG and IgM antibodies in Durango City, Mexico. Bivariate and multivariate analyses were used to assess the association of T. gondii seropositivity with the characteristics of the women with stillbirth history.
Of the 150 women (mean age: 32.09 ± 9.16 years) studied, 14 (9.3%) had anti-T. gondii IgG antibodies and six (42.9%) of them were also positive for anti-T. gondii IgM antibodies. Multivariate analysis showed that T. gondii seropositivity was associated with high frequency (4–7 days a week) of eating meat (OR = 5.52; 95% CI: 1.48–20.59; P = 0.01), history of lymphadenopathy (OR = 4.52; 95% CI: 1.14–17.82; P = 0.03), and history of surgery (OR = 8.68; 95% CI: 1.04–72.15; P = 0.04).
This is the first study on the seroepidemiology of T. gondii infection in women with a history of stillbirths in Mexico. The association of T. gondii exposure with a history of surgery warrants for further research. Risk factors for T. gondii infection found in the present survey may help to design optimal educational programs to avoid T. gondii infection.
Authors:Dr. Cosme Alvarado-Esquivel, S. J. Pacheco-Vega, J. Hernández-Tinoco, M. M. Centeno-Tinoco, I. Beristain-García, L. F. Sánchez-Anguiano, O. Liesenfeld, E. Rábago-Sánchez, and L. O. Berumen-Segovia
Through a cross-sectional study design, 326 women with a history of miscarriage were examined for anti-Toxoplasma gondii IgG and IgM antibodies in Durango City, Mexico. Prevalence association with sociodemographic, clinical, and behavioral characteristics in women with miscarriage was also investigated.
Twenty-two (6.7%) of the 326 women studied had anti-T. gondii IgG antibodies and two (0.6%) were also positive for anti-T. gondii IgM antibodies. Seroprevalence of T. gondii infection was not influenced by age, birth place, occupation, educational level, or socioeconomic status. In contrast, logistic regression showed that T. gondii exposure was associated with consumption of raw or undercooked meat (OR = 6.84; 95% CI: 1.04–44.95; P = 0.04) and consumption of chicken brains (OR = 18.48; 95% CI: 1.26–269.43; P = 0.03).
This is the first study on the seroepidemiology of T. gondii infection in women with a history of miscarriage in Northern Mexico. Of interest, we also observed an association of T. gondii exposure with consumption of chicken brains. Contributing factors for T. gondii exposure found in the present study should be taken into consideration for public health measures to avoid infection with T. gondii and its sequelae.
Authors:J. D. T. Arruda-Neto, A. C. Cestari, C. B. Zamboni, M. Saiki, G. P. Nogueira, L. E. C. Fonseca, M. V. Manso-Guevara, A. Deppman, V. P. Likhachev, J. Mesa, O. A. M. Helene, S. A. C. Jorge, M. N. Martins, A. N. Gouveia, O. Rodriguez, F. Guzmán, and F. Garcia
Neutron activation analysis has been used to study uranium incorporation in poultry bones as function of chow doped with: (a) uranium (20 ppm); (b) U-doped food (20 ppm) plus phytase (120 ppm) and (c) U-doped food (20 ppm) plus phytase (180 ppm). To investigate this situation experiments involving several groups of Cobb broilers was performed. Two animals per group were sacrificed weekly up to their adultness and uranium concentration in the tibia was measured. It was observed that the concentration of uranium (µg U/g bone) is decreasing all along the animal life spanning period of 14-42 days. This behavior suggests that the skeleton mass is growing faster than the corresponding accumulation of uranium. The administration of phytase seems not to alter this scenario.