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  • Author or Editor: K. Kobayashi x
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We investigated the effects of resistance exercise combined with essential amino acid supplementation on psoas major muscle (PMM) hypertrophy and walking ability in elderly individuals. Twenty-nine healthy elderly individuals were assigned to 3 groups: (1) E (exercise), (2) A3 (exercise combined with 3.0 g of essential amino acid supplementation), and (3) A6 (exercise combined with 6.0 g of essential amino acid supplementation). To evaluate walking ability, the participants underwent the following 3 types of tests: the (1) 10-meter walk (10-W), (2) 10-meter walk involving crossing of obstacles (10-W + O), and (3) 6-minute walk (6M-W) tests. The 6-month training program resulted in significant PMM hypertrophy in all groups independent of amino acid supplementation. The extent of hypertrophy in the participants who took amino acids was dose-dependent, although the differences were not significant. Groups A3 and A6 demonstrated improvements in the 10-W and 10-W + O tests, whereas no improvement was observed in group E, regardless of PMM hypertrophy. Furthermore, group A6 showed an improvement in the 6M-W test. These results suggest that our training program causes PMM hypertrophy, whereas the training program combined with essential amino acid supplementation improves walking ability.

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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors:
W. Sato
,
K. Sueki
,
K. Kikuchi
,
K. Kobayashi
,
S. Suzuki
,
Y. Achiba
,
H. Nakahara
,
Y. Ohkubo
,
F. Ambe
, and
K. Asai

Abstract  

Time-differential perturbed angular correlation method was applied to Ce@C82 in order to investigate the electronic properties of the encaged Ce atom. The nuclear quadrupole frequency of the nuclear spin of the Ce was successfully determined as ωQ = 6.5(3)·107 rad/s, which is much greater than what has already been estimated for Ce4+ and La3+ in other compounds. By comparing the present value with the values for the Ce4+ and La3+, it was inferred that the valence state of the encaged Ce atom is trivalent.

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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors:
K. Kobayashi
,
M. Kuwano
,
K. Sueki
,
K. Kikuchi
,
Y. Achiba
,
H. Nakahara
,
N. Kananishi
,
M. Watanabe
, and
K. Tomura

Abstract  

Advantages and uniqueness of radiochemical techniques in fullerene studies are pointed out. Some experimental data are presented on metallofullerenes production yields, HPLC elution behaviors of Y, La, Gd containing fullerenes, encapsulation of a new metal in the carbon cage, stability of the carbon cage against recoil energy, and the distribution of metallofullerenes among various organs of rats.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors:
K. Fujii
,
Y. Matsumoto
,
Y. Kaieda
,
D. Kobayashi
,
Y. Umebayashi
, and
S. Ishiguro

Abstract  

Cobalt(II) chloro complexation has been studied by titration calorimetry and spectrophotometry in solvent mixtures of N-methylformamide (NMF) and N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF). It revealed that a series of mononuclear CoClnn (2–n)+ (n=1–4) complexes are formed in the mixtures of NMF mole fraction x NMF=0.05 and 0.25, and the CoCl+, CoCl3 and CoCl4 2– complexes in the mixture of x NMF=0.5, and their formation constants, enthalpies and entropies were obtained. As compared with DMF, the complexation is markedly suppressed in the mixtures, as well as in NMF. The decreasing formation constant of CoCl+ with the NMF content is mainly ascribed to the decreasing formation entropy. DMF is aprotic and thus less-structured, whereas NMF is protic to form hydrogen- bonded clusters. In DMF-NMF mixtures, solvent clusters in neat NMF are ruptured to yield new clusters involving DMF, the structure of which depends on the solvent composition. The entropy of formation of CoCl+ will be discussed in relation to the liquid structure of DMF, NMF and their mixtures.

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Abstract  

Resonant nuclear inelastic scattering (NIS) spectra of (Sr,Ca)(Fe,Co)O3- d and (Ba,Ca)(Fe,Co)O3- d were measured with the energy resolution of 3.5 MeV by detecting the 6.3 keV Fe Ka X-rays following after Mössbauer effect on 57Fe transition excited by the monochromatized 14.41 keV synchrotron radiation. Both series of oxides annealed in air and in CO2 were examined. Soft phonon peak arising at ~8 MeV in NIS spectra of (Sr0.5Ca0.5)(Fe0.5Co0.5)O3- d and (Ba0.5Ca0.5)FeO3- d was found to be correlated with the oxygen ordering into brownmillerite structure, whereas more complex multi-phonon structure was observed in the spectra of less oxygen-deficient oxides such as (Sr0.95Ca0.05)(Fe0.5Co0.5)O3- d and (Sr0.7Ca0.3)(Fe0.5Co0.5)O3- d showing rather random distrubution of the oxygen vacancies. The changes in phonon DOS after CO2 absorbtion were also detected. Lam-Mössbauer factors of these oxides were calculated on the base of Debye Model.

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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors:
Ch. He
,
E. Hamada
,
T. Suzuki
,
H. Kobayashi
,
K. Kondo
,
V. Shantarovich
, and
Y. Ito

Abstract  

A new pulsed mono-energetic slow positron beam as well as the conventional positron annihilation lifetime spectroscopy (PALS) have been applied to study the sub-surface and the bulk of epoxy polymer. Significant changes of o-Ps parameters were found at a short distance from the surface. The lifetime of o-Ps was observed to decrease with increasing the positron implantation depth, while its intensity increased. The temperature effect on o-Ps parameters at sub-surface was also investigated. The glass transition temperature for the sub-surface was lower than that for the bulk. Furthermore, the thermal expansion coefficient of the sub-surface was found smaller than that of the bulk.

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Abstract  

99Ru and57Fe-Mössbauer spectroscopic and magnetization measurements were made in order to clarify the magnetic properties of a Huesler alloy, RuFe2Si. The result obtained from99Ru-Mössbauer spectrum leads to the conclusion that Ru atoms were substituted by both Fe[A, C] and Fe[B], but the latter preferentially.

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Abstract  

To determine the cross sections of the135Cs(n,γ)136Cs reaction, a sample of135Cs included in a “standardized solution” of137Cs was used as a target and irradiated in a reactor. The ratio of the atom number of135Cs to that of137Cs was determined to be 0.89±0.03 with a quadrupole mass spectrometer. The thermal cross section and the resonance integral measured in this study were determined to be 8.3±0.3 and 38.1±2.6 b respectively.

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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors:
W. Sato
,
H. Ueno
,
H. Watanabe
,
H. Ogawa
,
H. Miyoshi
,
N. Imai
,
A. Yoshimi
,
K. Yoneda
,
D. Kameda
,
Y. Kobayashi
, and
K. Asahi

Abstract  

A new 19F probe disintegrated from short-lived 19O has been developed for the first time for time-differential perturbed angular correlation method. The angular correlation coefficient for the relevant cascade has been experimentally estimated to be A22 = -0.17±0.01. As the first application of this technique to condensed matter physics, the probe was implanted in polycrystalline fullerene C60. We have observed two contrastive perturbations acting on the probe nuclei, which reflect electrostatic and dynamic interactions with the extranuclear field.

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