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Factors associated with postural control in nursing home residents

Oral presentation at the 13th Conference of the Hungarian Medical Association of America – Hungary Chapter (HMAA-HC) at 30–31 August 2019, in Balatonfüred, Hungary

Developments in Health Sciences
Authors:
R.L. ErdŐs
,
I. Jónásné Sztruhár
,
A. Simon
, and
É. Kovács

Abstract

Purpose

Decline of the sensory and motor systems in older people negatively affects postural control. This increases the risk of falls, which is dangerous for older people in long-term care. Being aware of the quality of postural control and the factors affecting it among elderly people, is crucial in implementing an effective fall-prevention program. This study aimed to measure postural control and the demographic, health-related, and functional factors presumed to be correlated with it among nursing home residents. Another aim was to find valid screening tools based on these factors.

Materials and methods

Seventy one nursing home residents were included. Postural control was measured using the Berg Balance Scale. Grip strength, the 30-s chair stand test, and the Timed Up and Go test were used to measure global muscle strength, and functional mobility, respectively. The results of these functional tests were dichotomized using age-specific reference values.

Results

Postural control was significantly worse in those who did not reach the age-specific reference values in any of the three functional tests. Effect sizes were large for functional mobility and medium for muscle strength. Multimorbidity and gender had no effect on postural control in our sample.

Conclusions

Among nursing home residents, postural control is related to functional mobility and muscle strength. Thus, routine testing of these skills among elderly people is an important task of the physiotherapist.

Open access
Acta Physiologica Hungarica
Authors:
Teodora Mocan
,
S. Clichici
,
L. Agoşton-Coldea
,
L. Mocan
,
Ş Şimon
,
I. Ilie
,
A. Biriş
, and
Adriana Mureşan

Nanosized particles (NPs) have recently been proposed for extensive use, including into the biomedical field. As a result, research on toxicity and oxidative stress concerning the interaction of nanoparticle and the living organism has attracted increasing interest among specialists. Two different targets have been the motor of this type of research: 1) the safety concern regarding such NPs large-scale use along with the need to generate antidote solutions to possible adverse effects, 2) the idea of influencing oxidative damage and of using them for elaborating anticancer/antimicrobial therapies. Present study reviews recent research achievements within the proposed theme taking into account the nature and particularities of each type of nanoparticle.

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Abstract

Human milk (HM) of healthy, well-nourished, lactating mothers is a unique and ideal source of nutritive factors, like hormones, cytokines, chemokines, growth factors that ensures the proper growth and development of infants. Among the main components of HM, fat is an important energy source and a regulatory factor. The quality of milk fat depends on its fatty acid (FA) composition. Gas chromatography coupled with flame ionisation detection is one of the most common methods for analysis of the FA profile of HM. The aim of this study was to evaluate the FA composition of HM, collected from mothers with different health conditions (normal Body Mass Index (nBMI); overweight and obese) using GC-FID method. The results showed that saturated FAs were present in the highest amount in the HM samples, of which palmitic acid was the main representative. The major monounsaturated FA was oleic acid, while linoleic acid was the most abundant of the polyunsaturated FAs (PUFA). Overweight and obese women have lower levels of PUFA in their breast milk. The data were subjected to principal component and quadratic discriminant analysis (QDA). QDA classified nBMI and overweight and obese mother milk samples with 88.24% accuracy. Significant differences were found between normal and overweight and obese HM samples in case of C10:0 and C18:3 FAs. Higher maternal BMI was associated with a higher n-6/n-3 PUFA ratio.

Open access
Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors:
N. Alberro Macias
,
I. Pupo González
,
L. Valcárcel Rojas
,
D. Frías Fonseca
,
J. R. Estévez Álvarez
,
D. López Sánchez
,
A. Montero Álvarez
,
D. Simón Pérez
,
M. A. Isaac Tejera
, and
J. F. Pérez Oliva

Summary  

The quality of the potable and purified for haemodialysis waters used in the National Institute of Nephrology was evaluated since 2002 up to now. A total of 20 chemical components were analyzed. The analytical results were compared with the admissible maximum concentrations according to the Cuban Standard NC 92-02:85 for potable water and with the Spanish Standard UNE 111-301-90, related to the quality of water for use in haemodialysis. The quality of both types of water was found to comply with the Standards regulations. The CEADEN analytical chemistry laboratory operates a quality management system since 1992, that was credited according to ISO/IEC 17025 requirements.

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