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  • Author or Editor: P. Staszczuk x
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Abstract  

The paper presents physico-chemical properties of mixed adsorbents in the clinoptylolite (mordenite)/SiO2 system containing 30, 50, 80 mass% zeolite. Adsorption capacity towards polar (water, butanol) and non-polar (n-octane) substances as well as total surface heterogeneity (energetic and geometrical) were determined. Desorption energy distribution functions as well as fractal dimensions were also determined and compared with the low-temperature nitrogen adsorption data. Irregular shapes of the curves q=f(E d) as well as large values of volumetric fractal dimensions (D f~2.6) revealed heterogeneous properties of the zeolite/SiO2 system surfaces. Addition of zeolite increases total heterogeneity of the material.

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Abstract  

The effect of albumin adsorption on neutral active aluminium oxide was investigated in the presence of polar and non-polar liquids. The adsorbed values were highest near the isoelectric point of albumin and varied in the range 5–10 and 3–11 mg g–1 with phosphate buffer and potassium chloride respectively after 2 and 24 h. In the case of aluminium oxide the effect of albumin adsorption on total heterogeneity of adsorbents is not explicit. On the one hand, the modified samples showed decreasing surface area with increase of surface coverage with albumin. On the other hand, modifications under the same conditions but without albumin caused similar changes. These effects suggest the strong influence of medium pH on surface properties (due to surface polarization) and competitive co-adsorption of ions on the process. The volumetric fractal dimensions of the studied materials change in the range 2.25–2.32 for pure aluminium oxide and BSA modified from the phosphate solution. E d,max values (desorption energy in the maximum of distribution function) diminish (in the range 40–45 kJ mol–1) compared with pure aluminium oxide (E d,max=52 kJ mol–1) for water thermodesorption at modified surfaces to the increase of a number of active centers of hydrophobic character, and weakening of the adsorbent–adsorbate increases.

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Abstract  

The paper presents the complex studies of adsorption and porosity of pure and modified–aluminium oxides samples. The presence of Mn2+ and Ni2+ modifiers on the aluminium oxide surface causes increase in water adsorption capacity and its decrease in the case of benzene and n-octane. This is due to decrease of specific surface area, volume and radius of pores as a result of surface impregnation and microcrystals formation during modification with manganese and nickel chlorides. Microcrystals formation on the surface and porosity decrease where confirmed by the AFM and SEM studies. From the Q-TG and Q-DTG data, the energies of liquid desorption from the surface of the samples and the functions of desorption, energy distribution were calculated. High degree of nonlinearity of the run of the functions resulting from great heterogeneity of the studied surface was found. Adsorption of cations creates more homogeneous surface of aluminium oxide, and it is responsible for the change in adsorbate molecule interaction energy and changes mechanism of adsorption and desorption as well as thickness and structure of the adsorbed film. From the experimental data some parameters characterizing adsorption properties and porosity of the studied samples were determined using the measuring methods (thermal analysis, sorptomate, porosimetry, AFM).

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