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  • Author or Editor: A. Araújo x
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Abstract  

The57Fe Mössbauer spectra of substituted pentacyanoferrate /II/ complexes [/CN/5 FeII L]3– have been obtained for L=adenine, guanine, purine, caffeine, ethylene sulphide, dimethyl sulphoxide, and ammonia. The Mössbauer parameters are utilized to classify the various ligands according to their and bonding abilities. A linear correlation between the Mössbauer isomer shift and the tetragonal distortion caused by the ligand L is proposed. Comparison between this linear correlation and the approximative method of Wentworth and Piper1 is made.

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Abstract  

HZSM-5 zeolite was screened as catalyst for high density polyethylene degradation at 450‡C, under nitrogen static atmosphere. Two different samples were studied in this condition: HDPE alone and mixed with HZSM-5. The reactor was connected on line to an HP 5890-II gas Chromatograph. Sample degradation was investigated using a Perkin-Elmer Delta 7 Thermobalance, from room temperature to 800‡C, with heating rates of 5.0, 10.0 and 20.0‡C min−1. From TG curves, the activation energies, calculated using an integral kinetic method, decreased 60.6% in the presence of the zeolite.

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Abstract  

The SiMCM-41 mesoporous molecular sieve was synthesised by the hydrothermal method. The physicochemical characterisation by infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction and thermogravimetry, showed that the material presents a well-defined structure. In this study, the determination of the total acidity and relative strength of the acid sites of the SiMCM-41,was performed by desorption of adsorbed n-butylamine combined with thermogravimetric measurements. The total acidity, determined by means of the amount of amine desorbed normalised by mass of solid, was equivalent to 0.927 mmol g–1, in the temperature range from 96 to 235°C. By using the Flynn and Wall integral kinetic model, at 5, 10 and 20°C min–1 heating rates, it was determined that the activation energy to desorb n-butylamine was 90.7 kJ mol–1, in the same temperature range, evidencing that SiMCM-41 presents only weak acid sites on its surface.

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Abstract  

The acid properties of the Ca/NaY zeolite were investigated by means ofn-butylamine desorption and thermal decomposition, using both thermogravimetry (TG) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The total acidity of the zeolite was calculated from the TG data, while DSC was used with the Borchardt-Daniels kinetic model to determine the relative acid strength of the catalyst, given in J per acid site. The enthalpies of these processes are proportional to the acid site strength in each specific temperature range.

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Abstract  

The temporal and spatial distribution of the REEs was determined, by INAA, in sediment cores collected at Northern Iberian shelf along the area between the Finisterra Cape and the mouth of Minho river, to contribute to the understanding of the origin and sedimentation processes of sediments deposited at the Continental Shelf. The distribution pattern of the REEs were flat and similar to the shales. A negative Eu anomaly was found for all the sections of the analyzed cores. Significant positive correlations between the REE and Zr and Hf contents suggest that zircon is responsible for hosting both light and heavy REEs.

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Abstract  

The use of catalysts in numerous important processes is widespread throughout the chemical and petroleum-processing industries. Thermal analytical techniques can be used to evaluate important properties and processes associated with solid catalysts. This paper presents examples carried out in our laboratory of the general application of TG and DSC to the acidity, activity and regeneration of solid catalysts.

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