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Thermal behaviour of pure LiN3, NaN3, CsN3 and their mixture with the respective LiY-FAU, NaY-FAU, CsY-FAU zeolite was investigated by means of thermogravimetry and IR spectroscopy. Thermodesorption of CO2 was applied to compare the basicity of the alkali ionexchanged Y zeolites. Two of the investigated systems, the NaN3/NaY-FAU and the CsN3/CsY-FAU gave single, well defined and reproducible azide decomposition features rendering these samples to apply as catalyst precursors for preparation of zeolite with basic character.

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Mg-Al L(ayered) D(ouble) H(ydroxide) was prepared and its thermal behaviour was characterized by thermoanalytical methods (TG, DTG, DTA), 27Al M(agic) A(ngle) S(pinning) NMR spectroscopy, X-ray diffractometry (XRD) and S(canning) E(lectron) M(icroscopy). Heat treatment destroyed the layered structure, which could only be partially reconstituted by rehydration. On calcination mixed oxide with the predominance of basic sites were formed. Pillaring the LDH with Fe(CN)6 4- anions was also performed. The material was characterized by XRD and BET measurements. Heat stability of the pillared substance was investigated, too. Pillaring proved to be successful, however, decreased heat resistance was found in the intercalated material relative to the guest LDH.

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Acta Biologica Hungarica
Authors: I. Grigorszky, Gy. Dévai, K. Kiss, B. Tóthmérész, M. Gligora, A. Plenkovic-Moraj, Koraljka Kraj, V. Béres, Cs. Schnitchen, G. Borics, and A. Nagy

Phosphatase enzymes are capable of releasing phosphate through cleavage of phosphoester bonds. The seasonal importance of this process was examined by using a model substrate paranitrophenylphosphate and the Michaelis-Menten equation to estimate the release rate of PO 4 -P from phosphomonoesters. The seasonal occurrence of phosphomonoesters and acid phosphatase activity was used to estimate the velocity of phosphate release from these compounds. Filter fractionation of phosphatase activity demonstrated that most activity (>60%) was in size fractions less than 0.45 μm. The release rates were highest in May and June (15 to 25 nmol L −1 min −1 ) during the Gonyostomum semen (Raphidophyta) bloom and decreased to less than 2 nmol L −1 min −1 in two weeks and remained low throughout the summer and the fall. Fractionation of 32 P-H 3 PO 4 labelled dissolved organic phosphorus showed this fraction to vary considerably through the year. Potential phosphate release declined through the summer and into the fall. Significance of the co-occurrence of phosphomonoesters and acid phosphatase activity maxima and Gonyostomum semen (Raphidophyta) bloom is discussed.

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Physiology International
Authors: P Szablics, K Orbán, S Szabó, M Dvorák, M Ungvári, S Béres, AH Molnár, Z Pintér, K Kupai, A Pósa, and Cs Varga


The quality and function of movements undergo deterioration due to weight gain. Aerobic training normalizes body weight, improves the health status, and in addition, it is expected to improve the dynamics of movements. The aims of this study were to prove the beneficial effects of recreational physical activities on the movements.


Participants were divided into five different age categories: second childhood, adolescence, mature age I, mature age II, and aging. Squatting and vertical jumping of the participants were measured at the beginning and at the end of a 5-month training program. These movements simulated ordinary daily movements. Changes in the body were determined by InBody230. APAS 3D system was used for movement analysis.


The results showed significant improvements in body weight, fat mass, muscle mass, fat mass–body weight ratio, muscle mass–body weight ratio, body mass index, body fat percentage, and waist–hip ratio. During jumping, the lifting and sinking of the center of gravity’s (CG) position and its velocity and acceleration were improved. In case of squatting, the results showed significant improvements in the velocity and acceleration of dynamical characteristics of the CG. Other correlations were observed between changes in body composition and the dynamics of movements.


The research proved that recreational training optimized body composition and improved the characteristics of CG’s dynamics. The study suggests considerable connection between body composition and the characteristics of the movements’ dynamics. From this point of view, our training program was the most effective in the working age groups.

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