The present article deals with an anthology of classical poetry being part of a bilateral research and edition project between the Eötvös József Collegium, the University of Piliscsaba and the Institute for Byzantine Studies of the Austrian Academy of Sciences. This alphabetical anthology is transmitted in Codex Philologicus Graecus 169 of the Austrian National Library (14th century) and contains gnomological excerpts from classical poets like Homer, Hesiod, Pindar and the tragedians as well as Aristophanes, authors whose works the scholars of the Palaiologian area focused on. Also the Viennese collection is a typical product of a scholars’ circle of the 14th century. The manuscript itself is well known because of another text, the so called Lexicon Vindobonense, now to be identified as the work of Andreas Lopadiotes. On the basis of the analysis of Augusto Guida the article concentrates on the codicological and palaeographical examination of the quires (in the present status the original sequence is disturbed by wrong binding) as well as the palaeographical units (of the main scribe and some additional hands).
The paper deals with a letter of emperor Isaakios II Comnenos to the archbishop Iob of Esztergom (ca. 1190), a document which became known through the edition of the letters of the court officer Demetrios Tornikes in 1970. It concerns theological questions (eating of sacrifice meat, filioque) which the emperor (or rather his ghost writer Tornikes) uses to disprove the western practice. In a political explosive time of permanent menace and invasions at all corners of the empire the emperor on the one hand has to underline the orthodox position as the real acceptable in these questions (by sophistically refuting the archbishop’s objections) and to simulate an unshakeable imperial power, on the other hand he wants to give the impression that the archbishop has a special status for the emperor and his patience (which might have consequences for the relation between Byzantium and Hungary, always a needful ally). The paper concentrates especially on the illocution and perlocution aspects of the letter.