Sodium titanium germanate with a semicrystalline framework (STG) of the formula Na3H(TiO)3(GeO)(GeO4)3·7H2O was synthesized under mild hydrothermal conditions and its proton form, H4(TiO)3(GeO)(GeO4)3·8H2O (STG-H), was prepared by acid treatment of the sodium compound. The STG was characterized by elemental analysis, TGA, FT-IR,
and X-ray powder diffraction. A comparative ion exchange examination of the STG-H towards alkali and alkaline earth metals
in a broad pH and concentration range was carried out. It was found that the STG is a moderately weak cation exchanger, possessing
high ion exchange capacity (up to 4.0 meq/g) and showing preference for heavy alkali and alkaline earth metals. The STG selectivity
towards Cs+ and Sr2+ ions in the presence of competitive metal ions and certain organic compounds was also studied. The data obtained suggest
that the sodium titanium germanate is a more selective exchanger for Sr2+ ion than its titanium silicate analogue, K3H(TiO)4(SiO4)3·4H2O.
The adsorption of Ce3+ on hydrated manganese dioxide (HMD) was studied as a function of concentration, temperature and pH of the cerium solution
labelled with141Ce. The steady state values of cerium adsorption at various concentrations fit well with the classical Freundlich isotherm.
The effect of temperature on equilibrium adsorption values was utilized to determine the change in the standard enthalpy ΔHo of the cerium uptake process and its value (ΔHo=10.57) indicates that the uptake process proceeds via ion exchange.141Ce desorption studies, from HMD in water, HCl and unlabelled CeCl3 solution, confirmed the ion exchange nature of the cerium uptake process as well as its reversibility.
The fractionation of different natural radionuclides (U-isotopes,226Ra and210Po) in the process used for the production of phosphoric acid in some factories located in the southwest of Spain is analyzed. As a consequence, different ways of natural radionuclide liberation to the environment can be evaluated due to these industrial activities.
99mTc hexakis (2-methoxyisobutylisonitrile) is a cationic complex useful as a myocardial perfusion agent. The synthesis of 2-methoxyisobutylisonitrile (MIBI) by a modified and improved procedure in a two-step process with an overall yield of 53% is described. The preparation of its copper and technetium-99m complexes is also presented.
A calorimetric procedure is developed to study the effect on the soil of the effluents resulting for the anaerobic digestion
of slaughtering houses residues. DSC was used to study the pyrolysis properties of the effluent and the soil while isothermal
calorimetry is applied to study the microbial activity in the effluent and to assess on its effect on the microbial activity
of the soil where the industrial digester will be situated. The calorimetric data were studied together with the chemical
and biological properties of that residue. Results showed that effluent is constituted by low levels of carbon and high levels
of nitrogen. The power-time curves of the effluent have the typical shape of microbial growth yielding microbial growth rate
constants between 0.37 and 0.53 h−1 for about 4 and 11 h. The addition of the effluent to the soil decreases the heat of pyrolysis with time and stimulates the
heat flow rate of the microbial metabolism.
The thermal decompositions of divalent cobalt, cadmium, nickel and copper salicylates and intermediates formed during the decomposition processes were investigated by means of thermogravimetry. Two intermediates were identified in each case, except for copper(II) salicylate.
Angra dos Reis/Itaguai region of the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, is a very problematic area due to the instability of
slope and landslides, due to geological and geomorphological conditions and to the significant and continuous human occupation
over favorable areas is prone to the triggering of landslides. The samples were analyzed by thermogravimetry (TG), derivative
thermogravimetry (DTG) and differential thermal analysis (DTA). This paper analyzes and characterizes the clay minerals and
presence of water, gravitational mass movements’ sites and compares it with sites where gravitational mass movements do not
occur. Indeed, this analysis also attempts to verify the presence of minerals.
The preparation of Ni(CN)21.5M (M=morpholine) and the thermal study of this and NiBr23M, Nil24M and Ni(NCS)24M are described. The thermal treatment of these compounds leads to the isolation of Ni(CN)2M, Ni(CN)20.5M, NiBr22M, Nil23M, Nil21.5M, Ni(NCS)22M and Ni(NCS)2M. With the exception of NiBr22M and Ni(NCS)22M, all intermediate species are reported here for the first time. Magnetic and spectral studies have been carried out to determine the mode of coordination and stereochemistry of the complexes. The thermal study includes the determination of stability, apparent activation energy and reaction orders, and reaction enthalpies.
The thermal behaviour of [CoCO3(NH3)4]2SO4 · 3H2O was studied using X-ray diffraction diagrams, DTA, TG and heating at constant temperatures for different periods of time. The X-ray study was made in order to characterize with the powder diagrams the phases obtained and to follow the reactions of the complex when heated in air up to 800‡. A parallel infrared spectral study was also made. The results obtained by the various experimental methods were compared with the theoretical weight losses.