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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: Javier A. Díaz-Ponce, Eugenio A. Flores, Alfonso Lopez-Ortega, Jose G. Hernández-Cortez, Arquimides Estrada, Laura V. Castro, and Flavio Vazquez


A simplified equation relating water droplet size distribution to crystallization temperature, determined from differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) curves of aqueous emulsions of petroleum is reported in this article. A series of water-in-oil (W/O) emulsions was prepared by dispersion of water in different Mexican crude oils; in a classical DSC experiment, these emulsions were submitted to a regular heating and cooling cycle within temperatures including freezing and heating of dispersed water. The Z-average diameters of the water drops (D dz) were estimated this way and correlated with petroleum composition.

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