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Thermal analysis of some fly ashes

II. Self-hardening activity of fly ashes

Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: Z. Adonyi and K. Mészáros Szécsényi

The self-hardening activity of fly ashes was investigated looking for the possibility of their chemical reactions with water without additives. A method had to be developed for separation of the structural water from the adsorbed or free one. The decomposition of the chemically bound water was measured by thermogravimetry. The‘I’ dimensionless number proved to be applicable for the quantitative characterisation of the measured data with more DTG peaks. The examined reaction depends on the chemical composition and the physical structure of the fly ashes and the time of interaction with water. The SO3 content seems important, but the characteristics of the formed compounds differ deeply from the CaSO4·2H2O. The observed and examined reaction is an important factor of the self-hardening process of fly ash deposits.

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Abstract  

The phase diagram for the AgNO3−KNO3 system has been determined using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). Eutectic point has been found at 391 K andX Ag=0.580 mole fraction AgNO3. The DSC curves indicate the existence of an intermermediate compound (AgNO3·KNO3) in the KNO3-rich region of the phase diagram. This compound was identified in the solid phase by X-ray diffraction. The melting and the crystallization processes were followed with the aid of a hot stage microscope, too.

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Abstract  

A method is described for the microdistillation of liquids using quasi-isothermal quasi-isobaric thermogravimetry. The liquidus curve determined under quasi-equilibrium conditions gives useful information about the composition and some thermal properties of the sample. The method could be attractive for the mineral oil, lacquer, biological and organochemical industry.

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Thermal analysis of some fly ashes

I. Gastitrimetric determination of carbon and sulfur contents of fly ashes

Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: K. Szécsényi, M. Arnold, K. Tomor, and F. Gaál

Abstract  

The thermal behavior of different fly ashes from the electrical precipitators of various pulverized carbon fuel-fired boilers was investigated by means of simultaneous TG, DTG, DTA and EGA analysis. The carbon and sulfur contents of the samples were determined by gastitrimetry. The compositions of the samples were examined by X-ray diffraction. The quantitative oxide analysis of the ashes was carried out by means of a classical method.

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Abstract  

Manganese(II) chloride complexes with 3,4- and 3,5-lutidine have been prepared. The crystal symmetry and cell dimensions have been calculated on the basis of powder diffraction data. The compounds were characterised also by FT-IR spectrometry. The thermal decomposition of the complexes has been studied by thermogravimetry and DSC. By plotting densities vs. molar mass, the diagram obtained has correspondence to similar observations in other solid metal-lutidine complex systems.

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Transition metal complexes with thiosemicarbazide-based ligands

31. Dioxouranium(VI) complexes with N(1),N(4)-bis(salicyIidene)- and N(1)-benzoylisopropylidene-N(4)-saIicylidene-S-alkyl-isothio-semicarbazides

Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: V. Leovac, E. Ivegeš, K. Szécsényi, K. Tomor, G. Pokol, and S. Gal

Abstract  

Solvate complexes of UO2 2+ andN(1), N(4)-bis(salicylidene)-S-methylisothiosemicarbazone, (H2Me-L1), of general formula [UO2(Me-L1)S] (S= H2O, MeOH, EtOH, Py, DMF and DMSO) were synthesized. The methanolic UO2 2+” adducts of N(1)-benzoylisopropylidene-N(4)-salicylidene-S-alkylisothiosemicarbazone, (H2R-L2,R=Me, Prn) of general formula [UO2(R-L2)· MeOH], were also prepared. Thermal decomposition of the complexes was investigated in air and argon. The complexes decompose to α-U3O8 in air, while in argon the decomposition is not completed up to 1000 K. The temperature and the mechanism of decomposition of the complexes are a function of the solvent belonging to the inner coordination sphere.

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Transitionmetal complexes with pyrazole-based ligands

Part 21. Thermal decomposition of copper and cobalt halide complexes with 3,5-dimethyl-1-thiocarboxamidepyrazole

Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: K. Mészáros Szécsényi, V. Leovac, A. Kovács, G. Pokol, and Ž. Jaćimović

Abstract  

The thermal decomposition of Cu2L2Cl4, Cu2L2Cl2, Cu2L2Br2 and Co2L2Cl4 complexes (L=3,5-dimethyl-1-thiocarboxamidepyrazole) is described. The influence of the central ion to ligand mole ratio on the course of complex formation is examined in reaction of L with copper(II) chloride. In Cu(II):L mole ratio of 1:1, in methanolic solution the reaction yields to yellow-green Cu2L2Cl4 crystals. In the filtrate a thermodynamically more stable orange Cu2L2Cl2 copper(I) complex is forming. With a Cu(II):L mole ratio of 1:2 only the latter compound is obtained. The composition and the structure of the compounds have been determined on the basis of customary methods. On the basis of FTIR spectrum of the intermediate which is forming during the thermal decomposition of Cu2L2Cl2 a decomposition mechanism is proposed.

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Abstract  

The coupling of a quadrupole mass spectrometer (QMS) via a heated capillary to a commercial thermogravimetric analyser is described. The amu and temperature ranges available were up to 1000 amu and 1500°C, respectively. The system was evaluated with test compounds, yielding gaseous species in the m/z range of 17-80, and then used for the study of thermal behaviour of scandium dipivaloyl methanate or Sc(thd)3 which is discussed in detail. Sc(thd)2 appears as the major Sc-containing species with m/z=411 in the gas phase at 200-300°C.

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Abstract  

Complexes represented by the general formula [MCl2L2] (M(II)=Zn, Mn, Co) and complexes of [Cu3Cl6L4] and CuSO4L24H2O, CoSO4L23H2O, [ZnSO4L3] where L stands for 3-amino-5-methylpyrazole were prepared. The complexes were characterized by elemental analysis, FT-IR spectroscopy, thermal (TG, DTG, DSC and EGA) methods and molar conductivity measurements. Except for the Zn-complexes, the magnetic susceptibilities were also determined. Thermal decomposition of the sulphato complexes of copper(II) and cobalt(II) and the chloro complexes of cobalt(II) and manganese(II) resulted in well-defined intermediates. On the basis of the IR spectra and elemental analysis data of the intermediates a decomposition scheme is proposed.

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