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In anticipation of a future vaccination program against rotavirus disease, a longitudinal survey has been set up to evaluate the epidemiologic features of rotavirus infections. In this report hospitalisation data and serotyping results are compiled from an epidemiologic survey conducted in Baranya County, Hungary. It was found that rotavirus-associated hospitalisation constituted a major part of infectious gastroenteritis cases (range, 14.9% to 28.5%). A higher proportion of rotavirus-positive cases was recorded when the serotype of predominant strains changed from G1 (1996-1999) to G4 (1999-2000), however, due to the short time period it was not possible to demonstrate a firm association between serotype prevalence and rotavirus-associated hospitalisation rate. In the future, such studies might help to understand if serotype-specific immunity against rotavirus infection plays an important role at the population level and if (re-)emerging rotavirus strains make an impact on the annual disease burden.

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Abstract

Boid inclusion body disease (BIBD) is a severe and transmissible disease of snakes worldwide. Reptarenaviruses have been identified as the aetiological agents of BIBD. We determined the almost complete genome sequence of an arenavirus detected in a female red-tailed boa that had succumbed in a private collection in Hungary. We used a combination of next generation sequencing and Sanger sequencing methods. Based on the analysis of the obtained sequence data, the virus, tentatively named Coldvalley virus, seemed to belong to the Reptarenavirus genus of the Arenaviridae family. This classification was confirmed by the genome structure (bisegmented single-stranded RNA) characteristic of the genera Mammarenavirus and Reptarenavirus. The pairwise comparison of the nucleotide and amino acid sequences, as well as the topology of the maximum likelihood phylogenetic trees, suggested that the newly-characterised Coldvalley virus can be classified into the species Rotterdam reptarenavirus.

Open access
Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica
Authors:
János Gál
,
Míra Mándoki
,
Endre Sós
,
Péter Kertész
,
Viktória Koroknai
,
Krisztián Bányai
, and
Szilvia L. Farkas

A male kowari (Dasyuroides byrnei) originating from a zoo facility was delivered for post mortem evaluation in Hungary. Acute lobar pneumonia with histopathologic changes resembling an adenovirus (AdV) infection was detected by light microscopic examination. The presence of an AdV was confirmed by obtaining partial sequence data from the adenoviral DNA-dependent DNA-polymerase. Although the exact taxonomic position of this novel marsupial origin virus could not be determined, pairwise identity analyses and phylogenetic calculations revealed that it is distantly related to other members in the family Adenoviridae.

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Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica
Authors:
N. Regéczy
,
L. Kormos
,
Cs. M. Szigetvári
,
É. Torbágyi
,
M. Hajdu
,
L. Gopcsa
,
A. Bányai
, and
K. Pálóczi

Reaction patterns of the 7th Human Leukocyte Differentiation Antigen Workshop blind panel adhesion molecules were studied on CD3/CD4, CD3/CD8, CD3/TCRγδ double positive T cells from peripheral blood of patients with chronic graft versus host disease (n=8) and healthy controls (n=4). Reactivity of 14 adhesion antibodies was tested by threecolour immunophenotyping. The mean proportion of CD3+ T cells (69±19%), CD3/CD8++ (31±13%) and CD3/TCRγδ++ (4±2%) T sub-populations of patients were comparable with the healthy controls. However, the mean percentage of CD3/CD4++ T cell subset in patients (14±12%) proved to be significantly decreased in comparison with the normal control value (34±16%) presumably due to secondary immunodeficiency. The workshop antibodies proved to be reactive with three T cell subsets expressing the examined antigens. Based on the results of the adhesion molecule workshop new CD categories have been introduced: CD156b as a transmembrane protein, CD167a as an epithelial tyrosin kinase receptor, CD168 as a receptor for hyaluronan mediated motility (RHAMM) and CD171 as a co-stimulatory adhesion molecule. There were significant differences in the expression of the CD167a and CD156b antigens on the CD3/CD4++ subset between the samples of patients compared with the controls characterizing the CD4+ T lymphocyte subpopulation in chronic graft versus host disease.

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Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Authors:
Orsolya Király
,
Mark D. Griffiths
,
Daniel L. King
,
Hae-Kook Lee
,
Seung-Yup Lee
,
Fanni Bányai
,
Ágnes Zsila
,
Zsofia K. Takacs
, and
Zsolt Demetrovics

Background and aims

Empirical research into problematic video game playing suggests that overuse might cause functional and psychological impairments for a minority of gamers. Therefore, the need for regulation in the case of video games (whether governmental or self-imposed) has arisen but has only been implemented in a few countries around the world, and predominantly in Asia. This paper provides a systematic review of current and potential policies addressing problematic gaming.

Methods

After conducting a systematic search in the areas of prevention, treatment, and policy measures relating to problematic Internet and video game use, papers were selected that targeted problematic gaming policies (N = 12; six in English and six in Korean). These papers served as the basis of this review.

Results

Policies were classified into three major groups: (i) policy measures limiting availability of video games (e.g., shutdown policy, fatigue system, and parental controls), (ii) measures aiming to reduce risk and harm (e.g., warning messages), and (iii) measures taken to provide help services for gamers. Beyond the attempt to classify the current and potential policy measures, the authors also tried to evaluate their efficiency theoretically and (if data were available) empirically.

Discussion and conclusions

Overall, it appears that although several steps have been taken to address problematic video game playing, most of these steps were not as effective as expected, or had not been evaluated empirically for efficacy. The reason for this may lie in the fact that the policies outlined only addressed or influenced specific aspects of the problem instead of using a more integrative approach.

Open access