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  • Author or Editor: L. De Norre x
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Abstract  

A method has been developed for routine determination of cadmium in zinc ores by thermal neutron absorption analysis, based on the attenuation of a thermal neutron flux passing through a neutron absorbing material. The thermal neutron flux is related to the52V-activity induced in a vanadium detector, surrounded by pellets pressed from a mixture of powdered material with graphite. Besides cadmium, also the major constitutents zinc, iron and sulfur contribute significantly to the total attenuation of the thermal neutron flux. Calibration lines for these elements are worked out. All irradiations are carried out for 200 s in the partially thermalized neutron flux of a 5 Ci227Ac—Be isotope neutron source. After a decay of 30 s, the52V-activity of the vanadium detector is measured for 400 s with a NaI(T1) scintillation detector. The analysis sequence, including the computation of the results from the counting data, is automated by means of a LSI—11 microprocessor with 12K×16 bit memory. Zinc ores, containing 0.02 to 1.45% cadmium, have been analyzed with a precision ranging from 12.6% to 0.54% relative. As a test for the reliability of the method, two NBS standard reference materials were analyzed in the same way as the zinc ore samples.

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Abstract  

A method has been developed for routine determination of fluorine in zinc sulfide ores by activation with fast neutrons from a 6.6 Ci227Ac−Be isotope source and counting of the 4.5 to 7 MeV gamma-rays of the product nuclide16N. Samples and standards consist of pellets pressed from a mixture of powdered material with wax or graphite. Samples and standards alternate in a sequence of 20 seconds irradiation, 4 seconds decay and 20 seconds counting. This analysis sequence, including the computation of the analysis results from the counting data automated by means of a LSI-11 Microprocessor with 12K×16 bit memory. The zinc ores, containing 0.3 to 0.7% fluorine have been analysed with a precision ranging from 1.56 to 1.33% relative. As a test for the reliability of the method, three standard reference materials were analysed in the same way as the zinc ore samples.

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