Authors:Csaba Csutoras, Levente Giran, Orsolya Hudak, and Laszlo Racz
Potential functional food bakery products were developed and characterized based on White Lupin (Lupinus albus cv. Nelly) flour. Analytical properties of the seeds resemble to previously described Lupinus species, with significantly high protein content (45%). The high protein and dietetic fiber content of the seeds makes Lupin flour suitable to develop potential functional food products with high nutritional values. Results of the development of sweet biscuits and salty crackers enriched with Lupin flour are presented. Sensory evaluation of the bakery products was carried out by 15 panelists using the nine points hedonic scale. Heat stability of White Lupin proteins were investigated by gel-electrophoretic analysis, White Lupin proteins are quite stable at 140°C, after 35 min heating the biscuits still contain 69% of the original amount of proteins. Baking conditions were optimized also based on gel-electrophoretic experiments, the optimal baking time was 30 min at 140°C. Gluten-free Lupin-based biscuits and crackers were produced by completely omitting wheat flour from the recipes.
A simple HPLC-UV procedure is described in our paper which is suitable for the rapid and cost-efficient determination of prochloraz in mushrooms. Prochloraz is the only fungicide in EU which use is allowed in mushroom production. The aim of our work was the development of a simple method that is suitable for the control of this pesticide in everyday analyses during mushroom production. The procedure involves a simple sample preparation method based on solid-liquid extraction (modified QuEChERS extraction method EN 15662) followed by an HPLC-UV determination (recovery: 97–99%; limit of detection LOD: 0.01 mg/kg; limit of quantification LOQ: 0.05 mg/kg).