A rapid method for fluorimetric estimation of uranium in silicate rocks is described. The fluorescence of uranyl complex is induced by laser beam in the ultraviolet region provided by nitrogen laser tube. The emission spectrum is quite intense and relatively persistent. For direct estimation of uranium in geological silicate materials without prior extraction, the interference of certain cations and anions that might be present in silicate rocks on uranium determination was studied. The limit of detection is 0.5 ppb.
Hafnium and zirconium are separated from uranium using an anion exchange resin column. The two elements are then separated from each other using extraction chromatography and determined separately by precipitation as tetramandelate. The determination method was verfied by isotopic cilution technique. The method proved to be selective, quantitative (>99%) and gives an error of <±2%.