The sorption ability of clinoptilolite treated by NaOH solution has been studied. The distribution coefficients of137Cs and60Co were studied by the radiochemical method. The variation of distribution coefficients with pH was studied. Also the influence of competitive ions on distribution coefficients were investigated. The total cation exchange capacity and XRD analysis were also measured.
The determination of leachability of radioisotopes of cesium and cobalt from preloaded zeolites in distilled water, base solution and acid solution has been studied. For the experiment, we used natural and chemically treated zeolites. The zeolites before leaching were calcined at different temperatures.
Gamma-irradiation of treated piggery slurry was studied as a possible way of posttreatment. Biologically non-degradable substances (cellulose, lignin, etc.) were almost completely oxidized at 90–100 kGy radiation doses. TOC values indicated complete oxidation of organic carbon to CO2. Radiation doses of 10 and 50 kGy have not changed the biodegradability of irradiated substances. By -irradiation after chemical and biological treatment it is possible to get highest quality effluent with COD values lower than 40 mg.l–1.
Natural and chemically modified zeolites from the Slovak Republic and Ukraine have been investigated as the adsorbents for the uptake of Cr(III). Model water solution of low radioactivity was used. The adsorption and desorption kinetics of chromium were established with the gradual radioexchange technique (tracer 51Cr) and flame AAS. The effect of the factors studied are examined and explained. The sorption coefficient , distribution coefficient KD, sorption capacity , sorption rate S, and leachability of Cr were calculated in neutral, alkaline and acidic aqueous solutions. The sorption capacity of the modified zeolites was found to be greater by a factor of 2 to 16 than that of the unmodified ones depending on the modifying solution applied. The leachability of chromium from loaded zeolites into the neutral solution was negligible. The leachability into alkaline and acidic solutions increased over 40%.
Clinoptilolites were treated by NaOH, NH4NO3, NaNO3, KNO3 and HCl solutions. The sorption ability has been measured by a radiochemical technique. The sorption coefficients were calculated for Co and Cs.
The influence of -irradiation on the paramagnetic properties of non-doped polyacetylene at low and high radiation doses has been studied and summarized. The dependence of the EPR spectra on the radiation dose in irradiated polyacetylene has been measured. No essential changes of the spin mobility as a consequence of irradiation were observed. Our measurements of spin concentration confirm the high resistivity of non-doped polyacetylene to radiation.
The influence of some cations on the exchange ability of chemically treated clinoptilolites has been studied. The natural clinoptilolites were treated by NaOH, NH4OH, NaCl and KCl. The modified clinoptilolites surface characteristics and ion exchange ability were studied as well.
The ion-exchange ability of NaOH-treated clinoptilolites with regard to Cs+ and Co2+ have been studied by a radiochemical method, enabling to calculate the sorption coefficient. The surface characteristics, total cation exchange capacity and X-ray structural analysis were measured as well. The measurements were done on Slovak clinoptilolite. Comment are made on a possible explanation of increasing sorption coefficient.