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  • Author or Editor: Ming-Huang Wang x
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Environmental characters have been established by tritium contents in well water, coastal seawater and reservoir water collected from various places around Taiwan island. Tritium concentrations of samples were detected by a liquid scintillation analyzer TRI-CARB-LSC 2550 TR mode, with a low level standard quench curve. After samples were concentrated by electrolysis, tritium concentration was detected in optimum conditions of LLLSA. An electrolytic enrichment technique was also developed with a eurrent density of 100 mA/cm2 and 0.4–0.6% (Na2O2) electrolyte in concentrated samples. Data observed show a lower tritium concentration for coastal seawater than for wells in the same area. The tritium concentration ratio of well and coastal seawater on the western side of Taiwan is 4.000 and on the eastern side 5.801. Tritium content of reservoir water is related to the logarithm of effective volume capacity.

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Direct analysis of airborne particulate matter collected on PTFE-membrane filters was performed using synchrotron radiation X-ray fluorescence (SRXRF). Standard filter samples prepared in the laboratory were utilized to evaluate the setup performance as well as the capability of the proposed method. The influence of experimental parameters including the beam size and sample-to-detector distance were thoroughly examined. A total of 10 elements on the filter can be determined. It was found that the optimum detection efficiency for the system can be achieved if using a 3 mm´3 mm beam size as well as a 7 cm sample-to-detector distance with a two-step measurement procedure with photon energy less than 7 keV and 14 keV, respectively.

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