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  • Author or Editor: Péter Somogyi x
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Krónikus toxicitási vizsgálatokat végeztünk laboratóriumban a közönséges televényféreg (Enchytraeus albidus) faj segítségével egy 1991 tavaszán beállított mikroelem-terhelési szabadföldi tartamkísérlet szántott rétegébol származó talajokon. Hét elem - a Cd, Cr, Cu, Hg, Pb, Zn és a Se - hosszú távú hatásait teszteltük a faj mortalitásán és reprodukciós képességén. A kísérletben alkalmazott elemeknek (Cd, Cr, Cu, Hg, Pb, Zn, Se) a talajba kerülésüket követoen 7 évvel is van kimutatható hatása a toxicitási tesztekben vizsgált paraméterekre. Megállapítottuk, hogy a szelén növekvo koncentrációi a mortalitást és a reprodukciós képességet is szignifikánsan csökkentik. A vizsgált talajtípuson a LOEC érték 2 mg/kg NH4-acetát + EDTA-oldható Se volt. A legmagasabb koncentrációban (810 kg/ha) kijuttatott hat nehézfém (Cd, Cr, Cu, Hg, Pb, Zn) hét évvel a kezelés után a közönséges televényféreg mortalitására nincs statisztikailag igazolható hatással, ugyanakkor a reprodukciós képességet szignifikánsan csökkentik. Alacsonyabb koncentrációban (270 kg/ha) statisztikailag kimutatható hatása már csak a cinknek van, amely a reprodukciós képességet csökkenti.

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Progress in Agricultural Engineering Sciences
Authors:
E. Somogyi
,
Á. Kun
,
J. Lázár
,
P. Bodor-Pesti
, and
D. Á. Nyitrainé Sárdy

Abstract

Quantitative evaluation of the horticultural crops has high importance to identify cultivars, describe the effect of the growing location and cultivation technology or define consumer's preference regarding the size and shape. Fruit traits of the grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.) are mainly described by the bunch and berry morphology notably bunch and berry size, weight and shape. Ampelographers particularly evaluate the berry based on the seed number as it influences size and consumers' decision. In this study, berry morphological traits of the grapevine cultivar ‘Italia’ was investigated based on digital image analysis. Samples were collected from two vineyards in Hungary with different ecological and cultivation circumstances. Altogether 12 traits were investigated: weight, seed number, size and shape attributes. Results showed that berry morphological traits – except from the shape attributes – are not differing between the two sampling locations. In accordance with previous studies, seed number – ranging from 0 to 4 – had noticeable effect on the size attributes.

Open access

Abstract

Grapevine berry shape has important marketing value in the table grape commerce, hence variability evaluation of this characteristic is highly important. In this study berry shape of 5 table grape genotypes: “Fanny”, “Lidi”, “Hamburgi muskotály”, “Moldova”, and “Orsi” were compared. To evaluate the shape variability graphic reconstruction and elliptic Fourier analysis have been carried out. Shape outlines have been investigated and Principal Component Analysis (PCA) has been performed with the SHAPE software package. PCA of the contours showed that 6 out of the 77 principal components were effective to describe shape attributes. The first 6 PCs explained 94.51% of the total variance. PC1 associated with the width and length of the berry. PC2 related to the shape of the top and bottom of the berries, while PC3 linked to the ratio of the top and the bottom width. ANOVA of the principal component scores revealed significant difference among the genotypes. Results suggest that morphology of the berry is a variable not only among but within the accessions. Our findings confirmed that elliptic Fourier descriptors (EFDs) would be a powerful tool for quantifying grapevine berry morphological diversity.

Open access