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Abstract  

Batch equilibration studies have been carried out to understand the uptake of Th(IV), U(VI) and Pu(IV) on a conventional gel type cation exchange resin, Dowex 50WX8, from TBP-Shell Sol-T mixtures containing different amounts of nitric acid. Based on the results of the equilibration studies, column experiments have been carried out and conditions optimized to achieve separation of these elements present in binary and ternary mixtures. The influence of water content of the resin phase and the nature of the exchanging cation on the extent of uptake has also been investigated.

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Abstract  

Application of extraction chromatographic technique to the analytical separation of Th/IV/ and U/VI/ has been investigated. The stationary phase was a macroporous resin Amberlite XE-270 impregnated with undiluted trin-n-butylphosphate /TBP/ and the mobile phase was either 5.OM HNO3 or 6M HCl. Separation of traces of Th/IV/ from large quantities of U/VI/ was achieved on a laboratory column by elution of the absorbed Th/IV/ with 6M HCl.

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Ion exchange in organic solvents

IV. Separation of plutonium from uranium in 30% TBP on amberlyst-15

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors:
P. Mayankutty
,
N. Pillai
,
S. Shinde
, and
M. Nadkarni

Abstract  

Studies on the partitioning of plutonium from 30% TBP by ion-exchange absorption on macroporous cation exchanger Amberlyst-15 have been described. Detailed loading experiments indicate that the resin absorbs plutonium in preference to uranium from loaded organic phase at low organic phase acidities (around 0.2M). Absorption behaviour of some fission products on the resin in 30% TBP is also reported. Possibility of using this procedure as an alternate method for plutonium partitioning from IAP stream of Purex process has been discussed.

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Abstract  

A single reagent radioimmunoassay for thyroxine in blood samples absorbed on filter paper for the mass screening of neonatal hypothyroidism is described. Blood samples were collected by pricking the heel of newborn babies (3 days old) and pressing Whatman 3 filter paper against the wound. 6 mm diameter blood spots were punched out at the time of assay and incubated with 0.4 ml of a preincubated antigen-antibody complex for six hours at 37 °C. 1 ml of 22% polyethylene glycol is used for the precipitation of antigen-antibody complex. The assay has a sensitivity of 2.2 ng/ml. 500 samples collected from newborns were analyzed in the assay and gave a mean of 117.6±31.9 ng/ml.

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