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  • Author or Editor: R. Pal x
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Abstract  

The thermal behaviour of the mixed-ligand complexes of cobalt(II) and copper(I) ions with antipyrine derivatives of 1,2-ethanediamine or piperazine (BAMP and TAMEN), with water and with 2-mercapto-benzothiazole (Hmbt) was investigated. The complexes contain 2-mercaptobenzothiazole (Hmbt, in the case of cobalt(II) ion) or dimercaptobenzothiazine (mbt–mbt, in the case of copper(I) ion) molecules as ligands and perchlorate (ClO4 ) or thiocyanate (SCN – ) ion as counterion. By heating, water and ligands release the solid phase at lower temperature. At higher temperatures process of different organic reactions of ligands (e.g. polymerization, polycondensation) could be suggested to interpret the relative high final mass values.

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Abstract  

The bio-sorption of heavy and toxic radionuclides by three genera of algae from different taxonomic groups was studied employing the recently developed 'Tracer Packet' technique. The tracer packet of heavy and toxic metals' contained 197Hg, 198,199,200,201Tl, 199,200,201Pb, 204Bi and 204,205Po radionuclides in carrier-free state and was produced by irradiating a gold metal foil with medium energy 7Li and 12C beams successively in a 12 MV Pelletron. Three genera, Spirulina from Cyanophyceae, Oedogonium from Chlorophyceae and Catenella from Rhodophyceae were cultured in laboratory condition and were used in the experiment. The radionuclide accumulation varied according to different genera at different pH levels. At basic pH Spirulina showed a maximum radionuclide accumulation in comparison to other genera.

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Summary  

The bioaccumulation of gold in trace concentration by Nitzschia obtusa and Navicula minima, two members of bacillariophyceae, has been studied. It has been observed that Nitzschia obtusa showed better accumulation of gold in acidic pH in comparison to neutral and basic pH. Maximum accumulation was observed with 1 mg . kg-1 or less   gold concentration. However, the accumulation by the living cells was reduced when the matrix concentration was higher. Navicula minima, on the other hand, found to be a better accumulator of gold in wide ranges of pH and substrate concentration of the media. It was also inferred that the gold accumulation by diatom was mainly due to adsorption by biosilica (siliceous frustules of dead diatom cells). Accumulated gold was recovered with conc. HNO3.

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Abstract  

The solid state reactions between ferrous oxalate dihydrate i.e. FeC2O4.2H2O and unsubstituted/ substituted aniline hydrochlorides have been studied. The products [FeCl/oxH/. AN-Cl] have been characterized by elemental analysis, infrared and Mössbauer spectroscopic techniques. The kinetic studies for the reactions have been performed at various temperatures for fixed particle sizes at constant compaction. The following order of reactivity has been observed: unsubstituted > p-substituted > m-substituted o-substituted.

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Summary  

The bioaccumulation of 198Au radionuclide, by Rhizoclonium riparium a member of Chlorophyceae has been studied. It has been observed that accumulation of gold on Rhizoclonium is almost pH independent and slightly higher at basic pH. Accumulation of gold was studied with 198Au radiotracer, 0.1, 1 and 5 ppm concentrations of gold. It has been concluded from the biochemical analysis that the gold accumulation is due to adsorption in the cellulose and not in protein, fat and carbohydrate. Accumulated gold was recovered when washed with conc. HNO3.

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Abstract  

A simple and reliable technique for the simultaneous estimation of serum triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4) is discussed. T3 assay was done by the solid phase technique using antibody coated Eppendorf pipette tips. T4 assay was done by the polyethylene glycol separation system. The assay used 50 l of serum sample. Inter-assay and intra-assay coefficient of variation are less than 12% throughout the assay range, for both assays.

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