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The fire and explosion of the Bituminization Demonstration Facility at PNC Tokai Works were occurred on March 11th, 1997. As soon as the fire occurred, environmental monitoring was started. The influence of accidental release was recognized from some samples of airborne dust and surface soil on site. No influence was recognized from the samples off site except the airborne dust collected at O-arai (20 km south). The official statement by the Nuclear Safety Commission of Japan was: "It was less than the value which has an influence on the environment and health."

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: K. Fujii, Y. Matsumoto, Y. Kaieda, D. Kobayashi, Y. Umebayashi, and S. Ishiguro


Cobalt(II) chloro complexation has been studied by titration calorimetry and spectrophotometry in solvent mixtures of N-methylformamide (NMF) and N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF). It revealed that a series of mononuclear CoClnn (2–n)+ (n=1–4) complexes are formed in the mixtures of NMF mole fraction x NMF=0.05 and 0.25, and the CoCl+, CoCl3 and CoCl4 2– complexes in the mixture of x NMF=0.5, and their formation constants, enthalpies and entropies were obtained. As compared with DMF, the complexation is markedly suppressed in the mixtures, as well as in NMF. The decreasing formation constant of CoCl+ with the NMF content is mainly ascribed to the decreasing formation entropy. DMF is aprotic and thus less-structured, whereas NMF is protic to form hydrogen- bonded clusters. In DMF-NMF mixtures, solvent clusters in neat NMF are ruptured to yield new clusters involving DMF, the structure of which depends on the solvent composition. The entropy of formation of CoCl+ will be discussed in relation to the liquid structure of DMF, NMF and their mixtures.

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