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Abstract  

A study on the trace elements transfer from tidal water to mangrove sediments from Guanabara Bay (southeastern Brazil) was performed in laboratory microcosms. Sediment cores were covered with tidal water spiked with 137Cs, 54Mn and 57Co during 5-h experiments, and water samples were taken at regular intervals to measure uptake kinetics at the sediment–water interface. At the end of the experiments, the uptake and diffusional penetration into the sediments was evaluated. Half-removal times from water to sediments were slightly higher for 137Cs (3.4 ± 1.7 h) than observed for 54Mn (2.3 ± 0.2 h) and 57Co (2.6 ± 1.1 h). After these experiments, all radioisotopes presented decreasing activities with increasing sediment depth, being the distribution of 137Cs indicative of higher diffusion within the upper 2 cm. This study on the removal of 137Cs, 54Mn and 57Co from tidal water by mangrove sediments suggests that while 57Co and 54Mn presented closer behaviors, there was a slightly higher mobility of 137Cs.

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Abstracts  

The Itingussú drainage basin is situated at 22°44′–22°55′ SL and 44°53′–43°55′ WL, in Coroa-Grande district, Sepetiba Bay, southwest of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Its total area is less than 10 km2 and includes a waterfall with three drop offs. The study area is located in a granitic pre-Cambrian embasement, discharging in a mangrove forest fringe. This work attempts to investigate the influence of lithology types in the elemental composition of soil of region and sediments of related mangrove. Instrumental neutron activation analysis and subsequent gamma-ray spectrometry were used. This technique enabled the measurement of at least twenty-one chemical elements. The more representative soil samples were enriched with U and Th. Multivariate Statistical Analysis showed that the soil and sediments formed in this area have been influenced by the leucocratic rocks, enriched with LREE and Th. The factorial analysis enables the identification of five factors of influence in the ordination of elements: presence of iron minerals (biotite); presence of allanite; marine influence in the sediment; differentiated kinetic of transport and diagenesis.

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Abstract  

A sediment core was taken to determine if sediment accumulation rates could be conducted using 240+239Pu signatures in the coastal mangrove mudflats of southeastern Brazil. The results from this study show that 240+239Pu fallout activities are sufficient and well preserved in the coastal sediments of this region. Sediment accumulation rates determined from the 240+239Pu signatures were 4.4 mm/year and 4.1 from 210Pb (CIC) method. A sediment mixing coefficient rate was calculated using chlorophyll-a profile (9.5 cm2).

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Abstract  

A sediment core from an estuarine area receiving drainage from the highly industrialized Cubatão River basin (SE Brazil) showed 226Ra and 210Pb activities up to 80 and 213 Bq kg−1, respectively, which are greater than activities considered as regional background levels. Radionuclides and the elevated phosphorus concentrations (up to 0.3% sediment dry weight) found along the sediment core were significantly correlated with each other, indicating source similarity. These results indicate that 226Ra and 210Pb activities are affected by fertilizer industry-derived inputs in addition to natural sources. This interpretation was supported by 210Pb/226Ra ratios (found to be between 2.6 and 3.9) that indicate disequilibrium between 226Ra and its decay product 210Pb, as expected for phosphogypsum-affected sediments.

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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors:
D. R. Araripe
,
L. F. Bellido
,
S. R. Patchineelam
,
A. V. B. Bellido
,
M. T. Guimar?es
, and
M. B. A. Vasconcellos

Summary  

The goal of the present work was to determine the concentration of 23 elements by instrumental neutron activation analysis in rock samples from the vicinity of Itingussú River, in order to investigate the contribution of trace and major elements from the local lithology to the river basin. The Itingussú River Basin ends in a mangrove area not yet largely impacted by antropogenic activities. So far, there are no data for the concentration of trace elements in that region, even though these data are important to the understanding of the influence of the rocks on the composition of the mangrove sediments. The results showed some enrichment of Th and some light rare earths, probably because of the presence of the mineral allanite and other accessory minerals, as identified by petrographic analysis.

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