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Abstract  

The 63Ni in copper samples exposed by the Hiroshima atomic bomb was clearly measured for the first time by liquid scientillation method For the measurement, the chemical separation scheme previously developed was improved The obtained result was agreed with that estimated by the new dosimetry system for atomic bomb survivor studies, DS02.

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Abstract  

Chemical composition of 15 magnetic spherules collected from deep sea sediment was determined by instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA) under two different irradiation conditions using the Kyoto University Reactor (KUR). Based on their chemical composition, nine spherules were judged to be of extraterrestrial origin. The differences in the chemical composition of the nine spherules are discussed in terms of condensation temperatures for the elements. Comparing the detection limits derived from INAA under two different irradiation conditions, the sensitivity for INAA using KUR is discussed.

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Abstract  

Chemical compositions of spherules separated from deep sea sediment dredged off Hawaiian islands and from Antarctic ice were measured by instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA) using Kyoto University Reactor (KUR). Iron, cobalt, nickel, iridium, scandium and manganese contents in those spherules were determined to be 19.3–97.7%, 23–4370 mg·kg−1, 0.08–7.04%, 0.84–35.4 mg·kg−1, 1.4–44.3 mg·kg−1 and 93.4 mg·kg−1–7.2 %, respectively, and compared with each other. Particularly, iridium was detected in seven spherules among fourteen from Hawaii, but only one spherule among twenty-two from Antarctic, and those spherules turned out to be extraterrestrial in origin. However, it was shown that there was little difference in characteristics of elemental contents between both kinds of spherules, except for Ir-detected spherules.

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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors: S. Shibata, K. Takamiya, Y. Ota, N. Nogawa, Y. Ito, T. Shibata, M. Hoshi, S. Endo, H. Hasai, and S. Fujita
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Abstract  

14C dating of 6 Japan cedars having the relative growing ages were made. On the basis of correlation analysis of our data to a14C age data set, INTCAL of CALIB (Stuiver), the growing ages of these Japan cedars were estimated (BC 1090-2375). The atmospheric14C concentration (Δ14C) at their growing ages were obtained from the14C age data. The variation of Δ14C shows basically the same pattern with that of Europe or America (r=0.783).

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Abstract  

The nuclide53Mn was produced by the following three nuclear reactions,52Cr(d, n)53Mn,51V(3He n)53Mn and50Cr(α, n), (α, p)53Mn. Enriched52Cr and50Cr metal targets were prepared on copper plate holder by electrodeposition. The commercially available natural vanadium foil was used for the51V(3He, n)53Mn reaction. Each target was bombarded in a cyclotron. Manganese was extracted and purified without using carrier from the bombarded targets by anion and cation exchanges and solvent extraction. The isotopic ratio53Mn/55Mn was measured by mass spectrometry and the amount of55Mn was determined by neutron activation analysis. The activity of53Mn obtained was 7 dpm by 750 millicoulombs in3He bombardment (E3He=20 MeV). The activity due to by-product54Mn was about several thousands times higher than that of53Mn in3He and deuteron bombardments, which were produced through51V(3He, γ)54Mn and53Cr(d, n)54Mn. In alpha bombardment (Eα=15 MeV), the activity of53Mn produced was 8 dpm by 95 millicoulombs. The activity ratio, dpm54Mn/dpm53Mn, was about 3, and this ratio was the best one among the results so far obtained.

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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors: K. Takamiya, T. Fukunishi, R. Tsujito, S. Fukutani, T. Takahashi, S. Shibata, and S. Uchida

Abstract  

The adsorption behavior of fission products to various soils was studied using a multitracer. The multitracer was prepared by neutron irradiation of 235U. Distribution coefficients of fission products were obtained for seventeen kinds of Japanese soils. It was found that zirconium, niobium, and rare earth elements show high distribution coefficients for all soil samples, however, elements like alkali metals show varied values.

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Abstract  

The recoil properties of 26 radionuclides produced in the photonuclear reactions on Cu at bremsstrahlung end-point energies (E 0) of 250 to 1000 MeV have been investigated using the thick-target thick-catcher method. Kinematic properties of the product nuclei were calculated by the two-step vector velocity model. The calculated mean kinetic energies,T, of product nuclei increase with increase of the mass difference between products and target, reflecting the resonance natures and absorption mechanisms. TheT atE 0≥600 MeV were well reproduced by a calculation performed by PICA code byGabriel andAlsmiller atE 0=400 MeV, except for (γ,xn) products by giant-resonance.

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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors: A. Yokoyama, S. Morimoto, T. Inoue, J. Sanada, H. Araki, T. Saito, H. Baba, S. Shibata, A. Shinohara, T. Muroyama, and Y. Ohkubo

Abstract  

Target-like products, that is,191–200Au,185–200Pt, and183–195Ir, from197Au target bombarded with12C ions at the energies of 180, 230, and 400 MeV/u were measured by using off-line gamma-ray spectrometry combined with chemical separation procedures. Spallation systematics by Rudstam reproduces well the measured cross sections for formation of platinum and iridium isotopes. It was found that the cross sections of gold nuclides increase with increase of the incident energy in the range studied and they are enhanced if compared with the reported proton-induced reaction of gold at a similar incident energy. It is suggested that the electromagnetic dissociation process plays a role for production of such gold nuclides.

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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors: T. Sekine, S. Ichikawa, A. Osa, M. Koizumi, H. Iimura, K. Tsukada, I. Nishinaka, Y. Hatsukawa, Y. Nagame, M. Asai, Y. Kojima, T. Hirose, M. Shibata, H. Yamamoto, and K. Kawade

Abstract  

Studies on the decay of unstable nuclei using the two on-line isotope separators of JAERI are reviewed for the past five years. With the previously established ion-source technique using mono-oxide ion formation in a thermal ion source, the new nuclides125Pr and127Pr have been identified in heavy-ion fusion residues. Further, with a newly developed gas-jet coupled thermal ion source, the new nuclides166Tb,165Gd,161Sm and236Am have been identified by bombarding238U and235U targets with a proton or6Li beam. Other studies, including off-line experiments, by decay spectroscopy, laser spectroscopy and Mössbauer spectroscopy are described.

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