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Abstract  

The complex formation of Ag+ with polyether 18-crown-6 (18C6) and their solvation have been studied using calorimetric and potentiometric methods in H2O-EtOH solvents in wide range of ethanol concentration. The standard enthalpies of dissolution AgNO3, AgClO4 and 18C6 in aqueous-ethanol solvents are obtained. The stability of a complex [Ag18C6]+ grows with increasing the EtOH content a solvent. Using the method based on the thermodynamic characteristics of solvation of metal-ion, ligand and complex-ion the interpretation of the results has been given.

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Abstract  

The influence of H2O–EtOH and H2O–Acetone mixed solvents at various compositions on the thermodynamics of complex formation reaction between crown ether 18-crown-6 (18C6) and glycine (Gly) was studied. The standard thermodynamic parameters of the complex [Gly18C6] (log K°, Δr H°, Δr S°) were calculated from thermochemical data at 298.15 K obtained by titration calorimetry. The complex stability and its formation enthalpy increase with increasing the non aqueous component concentration in both mixed solvents. The thermodynamic data were discussed on the basis of the solvation thermodynamic approach and the solvation contributions of the reagents and of the complex to the complex stability were analyzed.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: G. Della Gatta, E. Badea, R. Ceccarelli, T. Usacheva, A. Maši?, and S. Coluccia

Summary  

Environmental impact on parchment was investigated by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Parchments subjected to accelerated ageing and old parchments were compared to evaluate quality and extent of deterioration. Stability of fibrillar collagen within parchment was determined from the changes in thermodynamic parameters associated with thermal denaturation. Parchment surface was characterised, and specific morphological criteria were selected for damage assessment. The thermodynamic and morphological changes of collagen induced by deterioration are discussed, and their correlations are proposed as a means of ranking damage in old parchments.</o:p>

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