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This article outlines the carriers of four scholars coming from what is known as “historical Hungary”. The first out of the four is I. Zékány who was born in 1670 in Carpathian Ruthenia and studied in Prague and Vienna. In the first decades of the 1700s, Zékány became the tutor of the young princes of the Naryshkin family (the relatives of Peter I). Later on, Peter entrusted Zékány to teach the Tsar's grandson, future Emperor Peter II (1727-1730). The second person is T. I. Jankovic (1741-1814), considered to be “the father of Rus­sian public schools”. Jankovic studied in Sremski Karlovci, Bratislava (Preßburg/Pozsony) and Vienna and made his good professional reputation when he worked as the director of Serbian schools in Vojvodina and the chief of the school district of Timisoara (Temesvár). In 1782, upon the invitation of ?atherine II he arrived in Russia and subsequently played the major role in the reform of elementary education in that country. Jankovic also was the author of numerous handbooks and methodological instructions. In detail, the article discusses activity of M. Balugyánszky (1769-1847). This scholar is well known as the teacher of law of Tsar Nicolas I, as the first rector of the St. Petersburg University and as an editor of the famous collection of Russian laws (Polnoe Sobranie Zakonov). Finally, the article indicates the main stages of the carrier of Peter Lódy (1764-1829). In Russia, he was a professor of logic and a pioneer of woman education and published several influential works. The names of the four scholars and pedagogues mentioned above are almost completely absent from the Hungarian general studies on the history of culture and education. It would be desirable for these names to be given a proper place in the cultural history of both countries.

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In this article, an attempt has been made to present the life, extraordinary professional carrier and ramifying activity of Mihail Lomonosov, one of the most brilliant encyclopedic minds of the eighteenth-century Europe. The study is primarily focused on the research activity of Lomonosov but it also gives account of his personality and behavior. The author emphasizes Lomonosov's outstanding achievements in various branches of sciences and humanities. The present publication is specially relevant due to the two hundred fiftieth anniversary of the Moscow State University which is the most durable and fascinating creation of Lomonosov. In the final paragraphs, the author indicates those contemporaneous Hungarian scholars who were familiar with Lomonosov's works published in Latin and German.

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