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Abstract  

Selected numbers of representative banded iron formations collected from various mines of iron ore supergroups were investigated using ore microscopy and Mössbauer spectroscopy. The ore microscopy results have been corroborated and compared with Mössbauer spectroscopy outcome. Different iron-bearing minerals present in these banded iron-formations have been quantified by 57Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy. The obtained results have been discussed on the basis of degree of martization and goethite-hematite abundance.

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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors:
P. Nayak
,
D. Das
,
S. Chintalapudi
,
P. Singh
,
S. Acharya
,
V. Vijayan
, and
V. Chakravortty

Abstract  

Two representative titaniferous magnetite samples procured from Moulabhanj, Orissa, India have been studied by PIXE, EDXRF, Mössbauer spectroscopy, and XRD techniques. Major iron-bearing phases identified in the samples by Mössbauer spectroscopy and XRD are magnetite, hematite, ferrous ilmenite and ferric ilmenite. The Fe2+/Fe3+ ratio and the relative percentages of different minerals were determined from the resonance areas of Mössbauer spectra. Quantitative multielemental analysis was carried out by energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence (EDXRF) and proton induced X-ray emission (PIXE). Nineteen minor and trace elements have been quantified by EDXRF whereas by PIXE eighteen elements have been analyzed quantitatively. Concentrations of trace elements determined by EDXRF and PIXE were used in interpreting the physico-chemical condition of the depositional basin.

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Abstract  

The extraction of uranium(VI) from nitric acid medium is investigated using 2-ethylhexyl phosphonic acid-mono-2-ethylhexyl ester (PC88A in dimeric form, H2A2) as extractant either alone or in combination with neutral extractants such as tri-n-butyl phosphate (TBP), trioctyl phosphine oxide (TOPO), and dioctyl sulfoxide (DOSO). The effects of different experimental parameters such as aqueous phase acidity (up to 10 M HNO3), nature of diluent [xylene, carbon tetrachloride (CCl4), n-dodecane and methyl iso-butyl ketone (MIBK)] and of temperature (303–333 K) on the extraction behavior of uranium were investigated. Synergistic extraction of uranium was observed between 0.5 and 6 M HNO3. Use of MIBK as diluent was also studied. Temperature variation studies using PC88A as extractant showed exothermic nature of extraction process. Studies were carried out to optimize the conditions for the recovery of uranium from the raffinate generated during the purification of uranium from nitric acid medium. Inductively Couple Plasma Atomic Emission Spectroscopy (ICP-AES) and Energy Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence (EDXRF) techniques were employed for analysis of uranium in equilibrated samples.

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Abstract  

The extraction of U(VI) from sulphate medium with 2-ethylhexyl phosphonic acid-mono-2-ethylhexyl ester (PC88A, H2A2 in dimeric form) in n-dodecane has been investigated under varying concentrations of sulphuric acid and uranium. Slope analysis of uranium (VI) distribution data as a function of PC88A concentration suggests the formation of monomeric species, viz. UO2(HA2)2. This observation was further supported by the mathematical expression obtained during non-linear least square regression analysis of U(VI) distribution data correlating the percentage extraction (%E) and the acidity (H i). A mathematical model correlating the experimental distribution ratio values of U(VI) (D U) with initial acidity (H i) and initial uranium concentrations (C i) was developed:
\documentclass{aastex} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{bm} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{pifont} \usepackage{stmaryrd} \usepackage{textcomp} \usepackage{upgreek} \usepackage{portland,xspace} \usepackage{amsmath,amsxtra} \pagestyle{empty} \DeclareMathSizes{10}{9}{7}{6} \begin{document} $$D_{\text{U}} = 12.98( \pm 0.90)/\left\{ {C_{\text{i}}^{ - 0.75( \pm 0.05)} \times \left[ {H_{\text{i}} } \right]^{2} } \right\}$$ \end{document}
. This expression can be used to predict the concentration of uranium in organic as well as in aqueous phase at any C i and H i. The extraction data were used to calculate the conditional extraction constant (K ex) values at different acidities (2–7 M H+), uranium (0.02–0.1 M) and PC88A (0.2–0.6 M) concentrations. These studies were also extended for the extraction of U(VI) using synergistic mixtures of PC88A and TOPO from sulphate medium.
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Summary

Artemisia pallens L. (Compositae) is used in Indian traditional medicine to treat diabetes mellitus, jaundice, hysteria, body pain, and bacterial and fungal infections. A major cause of a variety of diseases is oxidative stress which is reduced by antioxidants such as polyphenols. These secondary metabolites are generally ubiquitous in plants and extensively used in the pharmaceutical, cosmetic, and food industries. In this study a simple and sensitive HPLC-UV-MS-MS-based method was developed for separation, identification, and quantification of polyphenols, for example gallic, protocatechuic, chlorogenic, caffeic, and ferulic acids, rutin, quercetin, and kaempferol. Amounts of polyphenols detected in 50% methanol-water extracts of the plant varied from 0.005% (kaempferol) to 0.24% (protocatechuic acid). Separation of the polyphenols was achieved on a reversed-phase C18 with a mobile phase prepared from 1% aqueous with acetic acid and acetonitrile at a flow rate of 0.6 mL min−1. The phenolic compounds were detected by UV absorption at 254 nm. The method was validated for linearity, accuracy, precision, LOD, LOQ, specificity, selectivity, and compound stability. Results from intra and inter-day validation (n = 6) showed the method was efficient and rapid. The optimized method was applied to extracts of A. pallens for identification and quantification of the polyphenols. The reference standards and their presence in A. pallens were confirmed by mass spectrometry.

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