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  • Author or Editor: V. Reddy x
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Abstract  

Extraction of Tm(III), from thiocyanate media, by different sulfoxides (R2SO) has revealed that the extractable complex is Tm(SCN)3·4 R2SO. When mixtures of DPSO and HTTA are used for the extraction of Tm(III) from thiocyanate or perchlorate media, synergistic enhancement of the extraction of Tm(III) results. The complexes responsible for the enhanced extraction are Tm(TTA)3·DPSO and Tm(TTA)3·2 DPSO when perchlorate media were employed for the extraction and Tm(SCN)(TTA)2·2 DPSO and Tm(SCN)2(TTA)·3 DPSO, in addition to the above two when a thiocyanate medium was employed for the extraction. Values of equilibrium constants for some equilibria encountered in the extraction of Am(III) and Tm(III) by mixtures of DPSO and HTTA are given.

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Abstract  

A simple and sensitive spectrophotometric method is developed for the determination of throium in aqueous medium. The metal ion forms yellow coloured complex with 2,4-dihydroxybenzaldehyde isonicotinoyl hydrazone (2,4-DHBINH) in the pH range 2.0–8.0. The complex shows an absorption maximum at 390 nm. The absorbance of the complex is maximum at pH 5.5 Beer's law is obeyed in the range 0.30–7.00 g/ml of thorium(IV). The molar absorptivity and the Sandell's sensitivity of the method are 2.20· 104 l·mol–1·cm–1 and 0.0106 g/cm–2, respectively. The interference of various ions was studied. The composition of the complex is 1:1 {Th(IV) : 2,4-DHBINH}. The first derivative spectrum of the complex shows a zero cross at 391.2 nm and maximum amplitude at 415 nm. Thus a sensitive derivative spectrophotometric method for the determination of Th(IV) is proposed.

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Neodymium zirconyl oxalate (NdZrOX) is prepared and characterized by chemical analysis and ir spectral studies. Its thermal decomposition has been investigated by using DTA, TG, DTG, X-ray diffraction and ir spectroscopy. On the basis of thermogravimetry and isothermal studies a probable mechanism for the decomposition is proposed. The decomposition proceeds mainly through three stages: i) dehydration between RT-413 K, ii) decomposition of oxalate between 413–943 K and iii) decomposition of the carbonate between 1028–1235 K to give a mixed oxide. The ir spectra and X-ray diffraction studies are made for identification of the intermediates. X-ray diffraction studies of the end product indicates that it belongs to cubic crystal system witha=11.520 Å.

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Abstract  

A method is described for the simultaneous multielement determination of yttrium and lanthanides at microgram level. This is based on the preconcentration of these lanthanides on to 1-(2-pyridylazo)-2-naphthol (PAN) modified naphthalene. The optimal conditions for quantitative preconcentration viz., pH, amount of PAN modified naphthalene, time of stirring and aqueous phase volume were systematically evaluated. The quantitation of lanthanides was carried out by energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence analyzer, employing241Am annular source, via their characteristic K X-rays. The developed procedure gave reliable results in the analysis of xenotime samples.

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Abstract  

Determination of copper/II/ by radiochemical displacement of labelled cobalt from cobalt-o-hydroxybenzaldehyde isonicotinoyl hydrazone /Co-BIH/ complex has been studied. Borate buffer of pH 5 was found to be a suitable medium for quantitative displacement. 10–70 g of copper could be determined. The effect of various foreign metal ions on the determination has also been studied.

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Abstract  

5–25 g of copper has been determined by exchange with zinc-65 labelled zinc sulphide. The effect of diverse ions on the determination has also been reported.

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Abstract  

Zirconium molybdoarsenate (ZrMAs), an inorganic ion exchanger, has been synthesized and the suitable conditions to separate cesium-137 from fission products waste solution are suggested.

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Abstract  

A new inorganic exchanger zirconiumphosphate-ammonium phosphotungstate (Zr–P-APW) has been synthesized in granular form suitable for column work. TheK d values for different metal ions were determined and the affinity order was found to be CsRb>Zr>Ce> rare earths. Sodium exchange capacity, pH-titration curve, breakthrough capacities for cesium (both in pure HNO3 and in different types of simulated nuclear wastes) and elution of cesium from the Zr–P-APW column have been studied. A selective method for the removal of cesium from other radioactive fission products has been developed. The exchanger was found to be stable to a -radiation dose of 108 rads in presence and absence of 2M nitric acid.

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