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  • Author or Editor: Xiaoping Wu x
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Abstract  

The catalytic effects of iron, aluminum or silicon on the formation of NOX precursors (HCN, NH3 and HNCO) and HCl during wheat straw pyrolysis were studied using a thermogravimetric analyzer (TG) coupled with a Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectrometer in argon atmosphere. The results show that the presence of iron, aluminum or silicon decreases conversion of straw-N into NH3 with the sequence of Fe > Si > Al. The iron or silicon addition suppresses N-conversion into HCN and HNCO, and the aluminum addition has no notable influence on HCN emission during pyrolysis. The share of N-conversion to NH3 and HCN increases, but that to HNCO and NO decreases a little in the presence of added iron, aluminum or silicon. The addition of SiO2 results in the highest HCl removal efficiency.

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