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  • Author or Editor: Y. Jiang x
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Abstract  

The production rates (numbers of atoms per gram of the respective elements per second) of 40 radioactive nuclides of 34 elements by neutron capture reactions in a reactor were determined from about 130 photopeaks of the -ray spectra. The ratios of these production rates were called R-matrix elements. These production rates and the respective thermal neutron capture cross sections were used to calculate the respective apparent neutron fluxes at the position of irradiation and the -matrix elements which were the ratios of these apparent neutron fluxes. These matrix elements express clearly the correlations among various elements and thus may be used in the mono-standard or small-number-standards method in neutron activation analysis.

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Abstract  

A series of UO2 2+ complex with monoamide ligand was isolated. The complexes have been characterized with the aid of 13C and 1HNMR spectroscopic studies. The result shows that the amide ligand directly coordinates to the uranyl(VI) ion through its carbonyl group. The change of the value of the chemical shift due to the complexation has been discussed.

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Ammonium niobium oxalate was prepared and characterized by elemental analysis, XRD and FTIR spectroscopy analysis, which confirmed that the molecular formula of the complex is NH4(NbO(C2O4)2(H2O)2)(H2O)3. Dynamic TG analysis under air was used to investigate the thermal decomposition process of synthetic ammonium niobium oxalate. It shows that the thermal decomposition occurs in three stages and the corresponding apparent activation energies were calculated with the Ozawa–Flynn–Wall and the Friedman methods. The most probable kinetic models of the first two steps decomposition of the complex have been estimated by Coats–Redfern integral and the Achar–Bridly–Sharp differential methods.

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New special engineering thermoplastics, poly(phthalazinone ether sulfone) (PPES) and poly(phthalazinone ether sulfone ketone) (PPESK), containing phthalazinone are synthesized through step-polymerization. The kinetics of thermal degradation of PPES and PPESK (1/1) in nitrogen is investigated at several heating rates by thermogravimetry (TG). It is concluded that, based on using Satava’s theory, the thermal degradation mechanism of PPESK (1/1) is nucleation and growth, the order of reaction of the degradation process is one (n = 1). In contrast, the thermal degradation mechanism of PPES is a phase boundary controlled reaction and the order of the reaction is two (n = 2). The kinetic parameters, including reaction energy and frequency factor of thermal degradation reaction for PPES and PPESK (1/1) are analyzed using isoconversional Friedman, Kissinger–Akahira–Sunose (K–A–S) and Ozawa method. In addition, the study focus on the influence of heating rate and ratio of ketone/sulfone on thermal stability and the life estimation are described.

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Abstract

High-performance liquid chromatography with a hydrophilic-interaction liquid chromatographic (HILIC) column has been successfully used to retain and separate the polar phosphonic herbicides glyphosate and glufosinate. Online electrospray tandem ion-trap mass spectrometric and DAD detection were used. The effects on the separation of mobile phase acetonitrile content, buffer concentration, and flow rate, and of column temperature, were investigated. With UV-visible detection at 195 nm, LOQ were <850 mg kg−1, showing the method is suitable for product quality control of these herbicides alone or in combination. Tandem mass spectrometric conditions were optimized for ion-trap detection. Quantification was by use of selected reaction monitoring transitions m/z 168 → 150 in negative-ion mode for glyphosate and m/z 182 → 136 in positive-ion mode for glufosinate. Limits of detection (LOD; S/N > 3) were 0.20 and 0.16 ng for glyphosate and glufosinate, respectively, and the respective limits of quantification (LOQ; S/N = 10) were 0.02 and 0.05 mg kg−1. Sample derivatization was not necessary to achieve low detection limits in residue analysis in this study. Recovery from watermelon, spinach, potato, tomato, radish-root, and water fortified with the herbicides ranged from 63.6 to 107.3% and relative standard deviations were <15.3%.

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Abstract  

Polyaniline/γ-Al2O3 (PANI/γ-Al2O3) composites were synthesized by in-situ polymerization at the presence of HCl as dopant by adding γ-Al2O3 nanoparticles into aniline solution. The composites were characterized by FTIR and XRD. The thermogravimetry (TG) and modulated differential scanning calorimetry (MDSC) were used to study the thermal stability and glass transition temperature (T g) of the composites, respectively. The results of FTIR showed that γ-Al2O3 nanoparticles connected with the PANI chains and affected the absorption characteristics of the composite through the interaction between PANI and nano-sized γ-Al2O3. And the results of XRD indicated that the peaks intensity of the PANI/γ-Al2O3 composite were weaker than that of the pure PANI. From TG and derivative thermogravimetry (DTG) curves, it was found that the pure PANI and the PANI/γ-Al2O3 composites were all one step degradation. And the PANI/γ-Al2O3 composites were more thermal stable than the pure PANI. The MDSC curves showed that the nano-sized γ-Al2O3 heightened the glass transition temperature (T g) of PANI.

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Abstract  

Wood cribs free burning tests were conducted under ISO9705 hood. From the tests, the heat release rate of these cribs was grouped as 0.5, 1.0 and 1.5 MW. This result was used to correct an empirical formula for peak heat release rate calculation. The correction achieves acceptable accuracy for the typical wood. The test result also shown heat release rate curve can be normalized by the total combustion surface of the wood crib. This can also be used to predict the HRR of wood crib of certain sizes and structures.

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Abstract  

Research on extracted 90Y with di(2-ethylhexyl) orthophosphoric acid (P204) in lipiodol for liver cancer was made to evaluate the stability of extracted 90Y with P204 in lipiodol (90Y-P204-lipiodol) in serum of newly-born cattle and human’s blood. At first, P204 (extractant) was dissolved in lipiodol (organic phase). Secondly, 90Y was extracted to organic phase after adding 90Y solution into test tube with P204 and lipiodol in it. The extracting efficiency with 0.01 mol/l P204 could reach 99.4%. The stability of 90Y-P204-lipiodol has been experimented in physiological saline solution as preparation for further stability experiment. The result indicated that the extracted 90Y lost 0.02%–0.36% in physiological saline solution. The results of further stability experiment showed that loss efficiencies of extracted 90Y after adding newly-born cattle serum 1 hour, 1 day, 3 and 7 days are 3.38%, 3.12%, 4.29% and 6.62%, respectively, and loss efficiencies of extracted 90Y after adding human’s blood 1 hour, 1 day, 3 and 7 days are 2.55%, 5.91%, 7.88% and 5.63%, respectively. Our data also indicated that 90Y is the most possible radioisotope for being extracted with P204 in lipiodol to treat hepatocellular carcinoma, particularly in cases of unresectable liver tumors, since 90Y is available from several commercial sources in clinical quality. We conclude that the stability of 90Y-P204-lipiodol tested with newly-born cattle serum and human’s blood attained great results. 90Y-P204-lipiodol is a kind of potential and exciting pharmaceutical in inerventional therapy for liver cancer and we can carry on the further animal test and clinical trial.

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