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Abstract  

Feasibility of the method of multidimensional -ray spectrometer for neutron activation analysis was examined. Reference igneous rock (JP-1, JB-1a and JB-1) samples issued by the Geological Survey of Japan (GSJ) and the Allende meteorite reference sample were irradiated in a research reactor, and multiple -rays from the produced radioisotopes via neutron capture reactions were measured using an array of twelve germanium detectors with BGO Compton suppressors called GEMINI. Simultaneously thirty elements were observed with no chemical separation. The observed smallest component was Eu contained in JP-1 with abundance of 4 ppb.

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Abstract  

Recycled steel products demands a new technique for determining tramp elements in steel. In this paper, As and Sb in iron certified reference materials were determined by neutron activation analysis with the multiple gamma-ray detection method. The determined values are in good agreement with certified and reference values. The lower determination limits (LDL) for As and Sb in high purity iron are 0.012 and 0.0025 ppm, respectively. As the demanded LDL for As and Sb is 0.1 ppm, the method described in this work is suitable for determining As and Sb in recycled steel.

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Abstract  

Recycling steel products demands a new technique for determining tramp elements in steel. Tramp elements, As and Sb, in some iron certified reference materials were determined by neutron activation analysis with multiple gamma-ray detection method and reported in MTAA11. In MTAA12, the authors reported the lower limit of determination values (LDL) and the dispersion of this method. The values of the LDLs for As and Sb in high purity iron were 0.002 and 0.0009 μg·g−1. The dispersion is small enough to satisfy the demand from materials science.

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Abstract  

In order to improve the limits of quantification for trace elements, we applied the multiple gamma-ray detection method in the prompt gamma-ray analysis (PGA). The Clover Ge detector system was constructed for multiple prompt gamma-ray analysis (MPGA) at the neutron guide hall of the JRR-3M reactor of the Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA). The MPGA system consists of three Clover detectors and a BGO Compton suppressor. The instrumentation of the MPGA beam line and the detector system were developed. The estimated limit of quantification of cadmium in the plastic sample is approximately 0.1 ppm. The capability of the MPGA system could be improved by modification of the detector system, shield arrangement, software algorithm, etc.

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Abstract  

A comparison method, utilizing neutron activation analysis followed by multidimensional spectrum analysis was proven to provide accurate quantification of the multi-element samples. In this study, 23 elements were detected simultaneously in a sample containing standard elements for neutron activation analysis. The method presented here can be applied for about 50 elements.

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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors: M. Oshima, Y. Toh, A. Kimura, M. Ebihara, Y. Oura, Y. Itoh, H. Sawahata, and M. Matsuo

Abstract  

By combining neutron activation analysis with multiple gamma-ray detection (gamma-gamma coincidence), we have proved better sensitivity and resolution for the trace element analysis than the ordinary single gamma-ray detection method. We now try to apply the multiple gamma-ray detection method to the prompt gamma ray analysis (PGA). We have established a new cold neutron beam line for PGA in Japan Research Reactor, JRR-3M, at Tokai establishment of Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (JAERI). It consists of a beam shutter, a beam attenuator, a gamma-ray detector array, a sample changer, and a beam stopper. We construct a high-efficiency gamma-ray detector array specially designed for this purpose. Its performance has been evaluated with the Monte Carlo simulation code, GEANT 4.5.0.

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Abstract  

Neutron activation analysis with multi-parameter coincidence method was developed at the Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) and a non-destructive, ultra-high sensitive multi-elemental determination has been realized. The multi-parameter coincidence method is carried out with an array of 19 germanium detectors, GEMINI-II. Using this system, very weak γ-rays emitted from trace amounts of elements can be detected. The presolar grains were extracted from the Allende meteorite. Trace elements in the presolar diamonds were measured by neutron activation analysis with multi-parameter coincidence method.

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Abstract  

In this study, using neutron activation analysis with multi-parameter coincidence method which was developed at Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA), a non-destructive, ultra-high sensitive multi-elemental determination has been realized. The multi-parameter coincidence method is carried out with an array of 19 germanium detectors, GEMINI-II. Using this system, very weak γ-rays emitted from trace amounts of elements can be detected. The iridium concentration has been determined by means of neutron activation analysis with multi-parameter coincidence method for Cuban sediment samples across the K/T boundary strata.

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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors: Y. Toh, M. Koizumi, M. Oshima, A. Kimura, Y. Hatsukawa, A. Osa, and J. Goto

Abstract  

In order to improve the sensitivity for the quantification of trace elements, we propose the combination of prompt gamma-ray analysis (PGA) and a multiple gamma-ray detection method. A new Ge detector system for multiple prompt gamma-ray analysis (MPGA) was constructed at the neutron guide-hall of the JRR-3M reactor of the Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA). The first demonstration of this system was given with a plastic sample containing traces of cadmium. The quantification limit of cadmium in a plastic sample was found to be about 0.1 ppm.

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Abstract  

A neutron beam line for multiple prompt gamma-ray analysis was constructed at the Japan Atomic Energy Agency. A detector system for the MPGA was constructed at the C2-3-2 beam line in January 2005. It comprised eight (upgraded in March 2007) clover Ge detectors with a BGO Compton suppressor. High efficiency detector system provides an advantage in terms of the detection limit of MPGA when compared to the result of PGA. The supermirror neutron bender was improved and a supermirror neutron guide was installed upstream of the sample position.

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