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  • Author or Editor: Y. Zhao x
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In this paper, the wind energy resource in China’s oilfields is analyzed, the difference between China’s energy consumption structure and that of the world in average is analyzed as well, and the application prospect of wind heating technology in China’s oilfields is discussed as an example to reform China’s energy consumption structure. It shows that it is possible to use wind energy as an appropriate heat resource or supplementary heat source in some oilfields to supply heat energy for oil heating and living, more room to improve the energy resource utilization in various fields in China remain. It is a benefit to both oilfield and society to improve energy saving and environments.

Open access

In the present paper, various formulae for evaluating critical buckling strain of bending pipeline are analyzed on basis of its actual nature, available test data or finite element calculation results. The available test data is from different resources, it provides a more objective comparison; Especially, the experimental bending buckling data of Corona et al. and Kyriakides et al. for Al-6061-T6 aluminum pipes with various D/t value, as well as the prediction of Minnaar’s FEM regressive formula for high grade steel pipe are reanalyzed to check the reasonability of the plastically elliptical cross-section model. It shows that the consequence of the plastically elliptical cross-section model is more reasonable than others for the critical buckling strain prediction of a pipe bending in most cases.

Open access

The objective of this work was to research the antibacterial effects of orange pigment, which was separated from Monascus pigments, against Staphylococcus aureus. The increase of the diameter of inhibition zone treated with orange pigment indicated that orange pigment had remarkable antibacterial activities against S. aureus. Orange pigment (10 mg ml−1) had a strong destructive effect on the membrane and structure of S. aureus by the analysis of scanning electron microscopy as well as transmission electron microscopy. Sodium dodecyl sulphate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) further demonstrated that the cell membrane was seriously damaged by orange pigment, which resulted in the leakage of protein from S. aureus cells. A significant decrease in the synthesis of DNA was also seen in S. aureus cells exposed to 10 mg ml−1 orange pigment. All in all, orange pigment showed excellent antibacterial effects against S. aureus.

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