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Abstract  

The mapping of author networks at academic departments is the focus of this study. Papers from two departments at two different universities, but within the same field of research, were analyzed in terms of co-authorship, direct and indirect citations among the authors. Considerable overlap was found between the co-authorship and the citation based networks. The paper also introduces the idea of socio-bibliometric maps that can be used to make social interpretations of bibliometric networks. The nodes of the networks were labeled by sex and seniority and supervisor-student links were also indicated. When reading the maps and tabulating the links it could be concluded that the two departmental networks were structured differently by sex and seniority.

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Abstract  

The method of co-citation analysis is used to build citation networks in information science. As data base the first 13 volumes (1961–1973) of the leading Soviet journal in the field (Nauchno-tekhnicheskaya Informatsiya) were used. The results reveal the topical structure of information science, the communities of authors and the names of single leading scientists. The evaluation of scientists' work is based on two measures: productivity (with or without co-authorship) and popularity (popularity of authors and popularity of papers).

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The author gives a review of the Hungarian studies of the past decades in the field of naming and function of colours in different Slavonic languages. He describes the monographs and papers that were written about the colour topic by specialists in Slavonic philology from Budapest, Szombathely, Szeged, Nyíregyháza, and other Hungarian centres of Slavonic studies. He also gives a review of the scientific papers written by Hungarian specialists in Slavonic philology in co-authorship with those from other countries.

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Abstract  

The three scientometric etudes presented in this paper are dealing with three aspects of science in developing countries: (1) estimation of scientific manpower and publication potential is given using the Waring model of publication productivity; (2) co-authorship patterns are analyzed to conclude that local interactions among developing countries are dominant, but the historical-political-geographical connections are also vivid, and (3) a quasi-4D comparison of socio-economic and scientometric indicators is presented using Chernoff faces.

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We investigate possible effects from a strong encouragement for a large number of publications on the scientific production of a Brazilian cell biology department. An average increase in individual absolute production and a concomitant decrease in individual participation in each paper were detected by traditional bibliometric parameters, such as number of publications, citations, impact factors and h index, combined to their “effective” versions, in which co-authorship is taken into consideration. The observed situation, which might well represent a national trend, should be considered as a strong warning against current criteria of scientific evaluation heavily based on uncritical counting of publications.

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Abstract  

This study explores boundary-crossing networks in fuel-cell science and technology. We use the case of Norwegian fuel cell and related hydrogen research to explore techno-science networks. Standard bibliometric and patent indicators are presented. Then we explore different types of network maps — maps based on co-authorship, co-patenting and co-activity data. Different network configurations occur for each type of map. Actors reach different levels of prominence in the different maps, but most of them are active both in science and technology. This illustrates that to appreciate fully the range of science-technology interplay, all three analyses need to be taken into account.

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Abstract  

This study on co-authorship networks in the area of nanostructured solar cells aims to contribute to a further understanding of the use of research evaluation measures of science output, impact and structure in an emerging research field. The study incorporates quantitative bibliometric methods of analysis and social network analysis in combination with a qualitative case study research approach. Conclusions drawn from the results emphasise, firstly, the importance of distinguishing between early and later phases of the evolution of a novel research field, and secondly, the application of a systemic view on learning processes and knowledge diffusion in a science-based technology field.

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Summary  

In the present paper, the evolution of publication activity and citation impact in Brazil is studied for the period 1991-2003. Besides the analysis of trends in publication and citation patterns and of national publication profiles, an attempt is made to find statistical evidences of the relation between international co-authorship and both research profile and citation impact in the Latin American region. Despite similarities and strong co-publication links with the other countries in the region, Brazil has nonetheless a specific research profile, and forms the largest potential in the region.

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Abstract  

This article describes ways of automatically generating 15 kinds of personal profiles of authors from bibliographic data on their publications in databases. Nicknamed CAMEOs, the profiles can be used for retrieval of documents by human searchers or computerized agents. They can also be used for mapping an author's subject matter (in terms of descriptors, identifiers, and natural language) and studying his or her publishing career. Finally, they can be used to map the intellectual and social networks evident in citations to and from authors and in co-authorships.

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Abstract  

Time-series of collaboration trends indicated through co-authorships are examined from 1800 to presence in mathematics, logic, and physics. In physics, the share of co-authored papers expands in the second half of the19th century, in mathematics in the first decades of the 20th century, in logic in the second half of the 20th century. Subdisciplines of mathematics, of physics, and areas of logic show large differences in their respective propensities to collaborate. None of the existing explanatory approaches meets this heterogeneity; the most salient feature is a propensitiy to collaborate in fields where theoretical and applied research is combined.

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