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Abstract  

An incremental integral isoconversional method for the determination of activation energy as a function of the extent of conversion is presented. The method is based on the treatment of experimental data without their transformation so that the resulting values of activation parameters should not be biased. The method was tested for recovering the activation energies from simulated data and employed for the treatment of experimental data of the NiS recrystallisation.

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Thermal decomposition kinetics of some aromatic azomonoethers

Part 1. Decomposition of 4-[(4-chlorobenzyl)oxy]-4’-nitro-azobenzene

Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: A. Rotaru, Anca Moanta, I. Sălăgeanu, P. Budrugeac, and E. Segal

Abstract

The non-isothermal kinetic parameters corresponding to the decomposition of 4-[(4-chlorobenzyl)oxy]-4′-nitro-azobenzene were evaluated. The kinetic analysis was performed by means of different multi-heating rates methods: isoconversional (‘model-free’) methods (Flynn–Wall–Ozawa) and invariant kinetic parameters method (IKP) associated with the criterion of the independence of activation parameters on the heating rate. The values of the obtained non-isothermal kinetic parameters are in satisfactory agreement.

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Abstract  

Ammonium dinitramide (ADN) prills were prepared by emulsion crystallization and characterized by optical microscopic, thermogravimetric (TG) and differential scanning calorimetric (DSC) techniques. The isothermal and non-isothermal decomposition kinetics of ADN prills were studied by TG. The differential isoconversional method of Friedman (FR) and integral isoconversional method of Vyazovkin were used to investigate the dependence of activation energy (E a) with conversion (α) and the results were compared with literature data. The dependence of activation energy was also derived from isothermal data. A strong dependence of E a with α is observed for the ADN prills. All the methods showed an initial increase in E a up to α=∼0.2 and later decreases over the rest of conversion. The apparent E a values of FR method are higher than that of Vyazovkin method up to α=∼0.45. The calculated mean E a values by FR, Vyazovkin and standard isoconversional method for α between 0.05 and 0.95 were 211.0, 203.9 and 156.9 kJ mol−1, respectively.

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Abstract  

The effect of glucose (0–15 mass%) on the kinetics of bovine serum albumin (BSA) denatured aggregation at high concentration in aqueous solution has been studied by differential scanning calorimetry. The observed denatured aggregation process was irreversible and could be characterized by a denaturation temperature (T m), apparent activation energy (E a), the approximate order of reaction, and pre-exponential factor (A). As the glucose concentration increased from 0 to 15 mass%, T m increased, E a also increased from 514.59409±6.61489 to 548.48611±7.81302 kJ mol−1, and A/s−1 increased from 1.24239E79 to 5.59975E83. The stabilization increased with an increasing concentration of glucose, which was attributed to its ability to alter protein denatured aggregation kinetics. The kinetic analysis was carried out using a composite procedure involving the iso-conversional method and the master plots method. The iso-conversional method indicated that denatured aggregation of BSA in the presence and absence of glucose should conform to single reaction model. The master plots method suggested that the simple order reaction model best describe the process. This study shows the combination of iso-conversional method and the master plots method can be used to quantitatively model the denatured aggregation mechanism of the BSA in the presence and absence of glucose.

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Heteroleptic cadmium(II) complex, potential precursor for semiconducting CDS layers

Thermal stability and non-isothermal decomposition kinetics

Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: Anna Kropidłowska, A. Rotaru, M. Strankowski, Barbara Becker, and E. Segal

Abstract  

Coordination compounds may be used as efficient precursors for fabrication of semiconducting layers. Thermal stability of such a potential precursor — [Cd{SSi(O-tBu)3}(S2CNEt2)]2 — was investigated (tBu means tert-butyl and Et means ethyl). The kinetic study was performed by means of different multi-heating rate methods: isoconversional (Flynn-Wall-Ozawa, Kissinger-Akahira-Sunose and Friedmann) methods associated with the criterion of the independence of the activation parameters on the heating rate. The kinetic triplet of the non-isothermal decomposition of this Cd(II) complex was established.

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Abstract  

The thermal behavior under isothermal conditions of some ammonia nitrate, ammonia phosphates and calcium phosphates mixtures with added micronutrients was studied. In order to establish the variation of activation energy (E) vs. conversion (α), the TG data were interpolated with spline functions, followed by numeric derivation. Using the so determined reaction rate the Friedman differential-isoconversional method was applied. A dependence of the activation energy vs. conversion was observed, meaning a many-step reaction. Therefore a procedure based on the compensation effect (and suggested by Budrugeac and Segal) was applied.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: V. Muşat, P. Budrugeac, R. Monteiro, E. Fortunato, and E. Segal

Abstract  

The isoconversional methods (Friedman (FR), Flynn-Wall-Ozawa (FWO) and Kissinger-Akahira-Sunose (KAS)) were applied for evaluating the dependencies of the activation energy (E) on the mass loss (Δm) corresponding to the non-isothermal decomposition of two Zn acetate-based gel precursors for ZnO thin films whose preparation differs by the drying temperature of the liquid sol-precursor (125°C for sample A, and 150°C for sample B). Although both investigated samples exhibit similar decomposition steps, strong differences between E vs. Δm curves as well as among the characteristic parameters of the decomposition steps, directly evaluated from TG, DTG and DTA curves, were put in evidence.

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Abstract  

The Eu tris(dibenzoylmethanato)phenanthroline complex doped xerogel has been synthesized by a catalyst-free sol-gel roure. The non-isothermal kinetic analysis is calculated by Friedman isoconversional method and multivariate non-linear regression method. The overall decomposition process below 600C is fitted by an Fn model (n order reaction), corresponding to the dehydration of the matrix, and a two-step consecutive reaction of Cn model (n order autocatalytic reaction), corresponding to the decomposition of organic complex. Correlation coefficient is 0.99986. The lifetime values of xerogel, defined as the 5% decomposition of europium organic complex, indicate that the xerogel can find application at near room temperature.

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Abstract  

The thermal behaviour of chitosan was studied by means of thermogravimetry, mass spectrometry and infrared spectrometry. Kinetic parameters were obtained by advanced kinetic evaluation (differential isoconversional analysis) from DSC curves, in non-isothermal conditions, at several heating rates, between 5 and 30°C min−1. The results showed that the decomposition of chitosan does not follow a single mechanism because both the activation energy and the pre-exponential factor are not constant during the course of the reaction. A comparison with the results obtained by applying different conventional calculating methods is also shown.

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Abstract  

A modified isoconversional method is applied to perform the kinetic analysis of non-isothermal processes. The solidification process of a polyethylene glycol with a mean molecular of 4000 (PEG 4000) was here analyzed. It was stated that the Avrami model provides a good description of the solidification process. Temperature-cooling rate-transformation diagrams were constructed and there was a good agreement between experimental data and the calculated T-CR-T curves. Moreover, morphological qualitative analysis has been performed by means of scanning electron microscopy.

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