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instance, in the language combination that we will also examine (English–Spanish), Cebrián (2015) provides a detailed account of deictics in Cat On A Hot Tin Roof . In a previous study, Cebrián (2011) briefly examines the presence of seven features in

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Abstract  

The aim of this study is to identify changes in publishing behavior of Spanish scientists belonging to the Area of Agronomy of the Spanish Research Council (CSIC), in response to scientific policy actions carried out in Spain. For this purpose, we analyze Spanish scientific output published in Spanish journals (covered by the ICYT database), as well as in international journals (covered by theScience Citation Index), during the period 1980–1995. Congress and conference publications, books and monographs, are also considered. The following changes in publication habits have been noticed: migration of works towards SCI journals and increased use of books and monographs as channel of publication of research works. A decreasing participation of Spanish researchers in scientific meetings has also been noticed, especially since 1989.

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Acta Veterinaria Hungarica
Authors:
Rossana Abreu
,
Cristobalina Rodríguez-Álvarez
,
María Lecuona
,
Beatriz Castro-Hernández
,
Juan Carlos González
,
Armando Aguirre-Jaime
, and
Ángeles Arias

The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus (MRS) in healthy goats on the Island of Tenerife, Spain, as well as to identify the phenotypic and genotypic characteristics of the strains found. A cross-sectional prevalence study was conducted. A total of 158 goats from 15 different farms were sampled between September 2017 and January 2018. The percentage of positive samples of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) was 15.8% (25/158) and that of methicillin-resistant coagulase-negative staphylococci (MRCoNS) was 6.9% (11/158). All MRSA isolates from goats belonged to one clonal group showing Multi-Locus Sequence type 398. All strains studied (n = 36) were resistant to non-carbapenem beta-lactam antibiotics and susceptible to teicoplanin, linezolid, vancomycin, rifampicin, quinupristin-dalfospristin and mupirocine. In MRSA isolates, the highest percentage of resistance obtained, besides beta-lactam non-carbapenem antibiotics, was to trimethoprim-sulphamethoxazole and, in the case of MRCoNS isolates, to phosphomycin and erythromycin. A total of 12 resistance patterns were obtained, presenting differences between patterns obtained for MRSA and MRCoNS, with 7 different patterns for MRSA and 5 for MRCoNS. We therefore consider it essential to expand the epidemiological study of these strains of animal origin, as well as to increase surveillance and control measures at all stages of the food chain.

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Abstract  

The Odiel and Tinto rivers, southwest Spain, form a fully mixed estuary. An industrial area that includes a complex dedicated to the production of phosphate fertilizers is located by the Odiel River. This complex released phosphogypsum wastes directly to the Odiel River and also disposed them on open air piles located by the Tinto River. Due to new EU regulations, wastes are not directly released to the Odiel from 1998 on, although they are still disposed on the open air piles. The behavior of 226Ra in a system like this estuary is complex, since radionuclides are affected by tidal actions and interactions with sediments through adsorption/desorption reactions and erosion/deposition processes. A numerical 2D depth-averaged model of the estuary has been developed, including processes mentioned above. It has been applied to reproduce experimental data measured after a release from the industrial complex in the Odiel River and after an accidental release in the Tinto River from the gypsum piles. The model has also been applied to simulate the self-cleaning process observed in the estuary after the direct releases from the fertilizer complex were stopped.

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The journalistic interview is a highly accepted genre in all the media (TV, radio, newspapers) and equally a much-translated genre. Just like many other news products, the distribution of interviews is governed by news organisations and alliances between media companies. This mode of news presentation goes across linguistic and cultural boundaries in a process of transcultural communication possible only through translation. Based on a comparative analysis of 21 interviews translated and published in the Spanish newspaper El Mundo in 2008, this study analyses the type of interviews selected for translation, the strategies used in the translational process, and whether these are similar to strategies in news translation in general. It also considers whether this material is translated as a stable source, respecting the original, or as an unstable source. Printed media have their own translation policies, which involve a complex process of recontextualization of the information in order to localise it to suit the interests of the media themselves and of their audience. This complex process of translation is widely misunderstood at an academic level in both the fields of Journalism Studies and Translation Studies.

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Abstract  

Time series analysis techniques have been applied to the study of the 7Be activity concentration in air, which was obtained by weekly collecting aerosols in filters in the north of Spain, and measuring them by gamma ray spectrometry. Between 2001 and 2009, a trend pattern is found. The cyclical component of this series is clearly influenced by the solar cycle (11 years period). Two kinds of seasonality were found in the time series: annual periodicity and variations with seasons of the year. The irregular component has also been studied but its contribution has been insignificant; one of its possible causes, rainfall, has been analysed and the conclusion is that the atmospheric concentration of 7Be is unaffected by rainfall. The contribution of 7Be presence in air to the total effective dose rate in air has also been studied, resulting negligible.

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Abstract  

Two sediment cores were recovered in San Simón Bay (NW Spain) in order to establish sediment accumulation rates by 210Pb and 137Cs dating and to reconstruct metal pollution history. Sediment composition was determined by X-ray Fluorescence. A main lithogenic origin was shown up. Grain size conditions radionuclide activities and element concentrations. Fine grained sediments concentrate pollutants and showed higher activities. Radionuclide profiles are affected by diagenetic processes and sedimentary disturbances, but a temporal framework could be obtained for the intertidal area, where the anthropogenic inputs of Cu, Pb and Zn started several decades ago.

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Abstract  

The objective of this study consists, firstly, of quantifying differences between Spanish universities’ output (in terms of publications and citations), and secondly, analysing its determinants. The results obtained show that there are factors which have a positive influence on these indicators, such as having a third-cycle programme, with public financing obtained in competitive selection procedures, having a large number of full-time researchers or involvement in collaborations with international institutions. However, other factors which appear to have the opposite effect were also noted. These include a higher number of students per lecturer or a lower proportion of lecturers with recognised six-year periods.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors:
M. Franquelo
,
M. Robador
,
V. Ramírez-Valle
,
A. Durán
,
M. Jiménez de Haro
, and
J. Pérez-Rodríguez

Abstract  

Roman ceramics of two hydraulic mortars used to build the pond and water channel of Mithraeum house from Mérida (Spain) have been studied. The sizes of the ceramic fragments found were different in both of the samples studied, showing different behaviour in the reactions with the lime. The X-ray diffraction of the ceramic shows the presence of quartz, mica (biotite), anorthite and hematite accompanied by amorphous phase, being observed scarce vitrification. The presence of mica confirms a firing temperature for manufacturing the ceramic below 900°C. In one of the ceramics studied, X-ray diffraction did not show calcite. However, in the FTIR appear bands that could be assigned to carbonates absorptions and likewise, carbonates were identified in the DTA-TG curves. Ca and small quantities of Si and Al were also identified by SEM-EDX on the surface of the pores that could be due to an amorphous phase formed in the reaction of lime with the Si and Al of the ceramic. On the other hand, in other ceramic samples carbonates (about 10%) were detected. The carbonates have been found filling the pores, sometimes accompanied by a new calcium-aluminium-silicate phase produced by the reaction between the lime and the amorphous phase of the ceramic. The carbonates and the new phases formed inside the pores are responsible for the decrease of the porosity and for the formation of new phases during the heating of the ceramics.

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Abstract  

The purpose of the study proposed in this paper is to evaluate the Spanish public university websites dedicated to the European Higher Education Area (EHEA). To do so, the quality of these resources has been analysed in the light of data provided by a series of indicators grouped in seven criteria, most of which were used to determine what information is made available and in what way. The criteria used in our analysis are: visibility, authority, updatedness, accesibility, correctness and completeness, quality assessment and navigability. All in all, the results allow us to carry out an overall diagnosis of the situation and also provide us with information about the situation at each university, thus revealing their main strengths, namely authority and navegability, and also their chief shortcomings: updatedness, accessibility and quality assessment. In this way it is possible to detect the best practices in each of the aspects evaluated so that they can serve as an example and guide for universities with greater deficiencies and thus help them to improve their EHEA websites.

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