On the basis of the data selected from a statistical survey (
Nyelvi tiszteletadás a magyarban
), the author establishes that the first-name informal addressing continues to spread in Hungarian, while the third-name formal one is being forced back even in villages. However, there is a difference between the Hungarians of Hungary and the Hungarian minorities of surrounding countries. Among the latter Hungarians, the third-name formal addressing is used more frequently by children and grandchildren when they talk to their parents and grandparents.
Authors:Marjut Anttonen, Anna Keszeg, Timea Párkonyi Soos, Micheline Lebarbier, and Sabine Winker-Piepho
Pasi Hannonen & Bo Lönnqvist & Gábor Barna (eds.): Ethnic minorities and power. Helsinki: Fonda Publishing, 2001, 195 pages Dóra Czégényi-Vilmos Keszeg: Emberek, szövegek, hiedelmek. Tanulmányok [Menschen, Texte, Volksglauben. Studien]. Kolozsvár: Kriza János Néprajzi Társaság 1, 2001, 207 Seiten Vilmos Keszeg: Mezoségi hiedelmek [Volksglauben in der Region Mezôség]. Marosvásárhely: Mentor Kiadó, 1999, 384 Seiten A propos de La Fille Difficile, un conte-type afriçain, 2001, Sous la direction de Veronika Görög-Karady et Christiane Seydou. Paris: CNRS-Éditions, CD-Rom Gerhard Schmied : Lieber Gott, gütigste Frau … Eine empirische Untersuchung von Fürbittbüchern. Passagen und Tendenzen. Studien zur materialen Religions- und Kultursoziologie, hrsg. von Michael N. Ebertz, Bd. 4. Konstanz: Universitäts-Verlag Konstanz, 1998, 137 Seiten
Ethnographic inquiry into the folk culture of the Carpathian Basin, with particular reference to developmental trends, has revealed much new information regarding the lives of Hungarians abroad, especially regarding changing living conditions within Hungarian populations now living outside historically redrawn Hungarian state borders. It would be no exaggeration to claim that these Hungarians have, to the present day, lived under extraordinarily diverse circumstances, and that the preservation of folk culture in the minority national environment has been a decisive factor in the maintenance of their national identity. For this culture to survive and grow, however, it is essential that members of the national group learn and use their native Hungarian tongue.The present study concerns itself with the historic genre of the popular play, a cultural phenomenon that has played a special role in this regard and that in some places, both in the recent past, and today, still bears considerable significance in the preservation of minority national identity. Accordingly, this study will not extend to actual folk dramatics, though it will make reference to certain intersections and possible relationships where it seems natural to do so.
After having defined the Greek francophony, a marginal literature of a minority, as well as the place which Théo Crassas occupies
nowadays in that literary production, we could fetch his favorite topic: the erotic affection. Through this topic, the poet
expresses a cosmic, encyclopedic, and mythical sensuality, presenting a simplified and archaic art of syntax. However, the
poet is not satisfied with the ordered insobriety and the madness of the sensations; he enjoys displaying erotic energy, via
the intensity of the verbal flow, emotional efflorescence, rhythmic movement, via the love towards the language.
Through this technique, the reader is made to detect the force of conviction, a luminous force of a majestic “glide”, which
is opposed to the melodies constantly conflicting. Furthermore, discovering this poetry, made up of positive elements, the
reader becomes a witness of the things’ innocence and shares the palpitating emotion of the poetic script. The poet, concerned
about the female beauty and the general perfection, seeks the mystery of the beauty, worried above all to emerge an eruptive,
smooth and controlled poetry, a poetry denying the beautiful verse. Crassas creates a silky strophe, the versification being
short and connected, a luminous speech, a venereal reverberation, granting his poetry with a lyric, rich precipitation of
colors, sounds and images, features which form a special affectivity.
In general, by bringing this great poet out of a completely ignored and very poorly diffused literature, we wish to outline
a minority literature.
translation of a minority language: The case of Dutch. In: Pym, A. & Shlesinger, M. & Jettmarová, Z. (eds) Sociocultural Aspects of Translating and Interpreting . Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins. 27–40.
A land grant issued by Raṇasiṃhadeva of the Candrāvatī branch of the Paramāra dynasty in North-West India has recently come to my attention. It contains a genealogy of the Candrāvatī line from Utpalarāja to Raṇasiṃha. This ruler was hitherto known only from one published inscription (the Roheญā plates), and has been thought to be a usurper who briefly snatched the throne from the legitimate ruler Dhārāvarṣa. The grant, dated 1 November 1161 CE, makes no mention of Dhārāvarṣa, calling for a reinterpretation of some ambiguous lines of the Roheญā inscription. It is a possibility that Raṇasiṃha was not a usurper, but ruled as a regent during Dhārāvarṣa’s minority and then willingly handed the throne over to him.
The paper investigates the symbolical and real borders in the areas of contact between the Jews of the Hungarian countryside and the peasants between the two world wars. The symbolical borders are created principally by differences in mentality. These are the borders which for the most part and inherently separate. Tradition, culture, religion, way of life, in many cases the language, and the minority or majority status all separate. Most of these raise an insuperable barrier between the two social groups although - as we shall see - there are cases when some of these borders can be crossed. In contrast, economic interests and the need for social contacts generally make the Jewish and peasant communities dependent on each other, and here the borders also open up more often.
Authors:Sandra Jhean-Larose, Bruno Lecoutre, and Guy Denhière
This study looks at how combinations of two French nouns are interpreted. The order of occurrence of the constituents of two types of conceptual combinations, relation and property, was manipulated in view of determining how property-based and relation-based interpretations evolve with age. Three groups of French-speaking children (ages 6, 8, and 10) and a group of adults performed an interpretation-selection task. The results for the children indicated that while property-based interpretations increased with age, relation-based interpretations were in the majority for both combination types, whereas for the adults, relation-based interpretations were in the minority for property combinations. For the children and adults alike, the most frequent interpretations were ones in which the head noun came first and was followed by the modifier (the opposite of the order observed for English).
Im Beitrag wird gefragt, inwiefern in den USA Versuche, dieser Literatur aus multikultureller Sicht gerecht zu werden, tatschlich
erfolgreich gewesen sind. Fhrt die in den USA gefhrte Diskussion ber Minority Literature nicht zu einer kultur-ethnischen Auslegung einzelner Werke? Literaturwissenschaftler nicht deutscher Herkunft, die in Deutschland
leben und ber Migrationsliteratur arbeiten, betonen, dass die 'interkulturellen Dominanten' dieser Literatur vornehmlich
von Literaturwissenschaftlern der 'zweiten Generation' erfasst werden knnen, denn nur sie verfgen ber ein erlebtes Wissen
in Sprache und Kultur mindestens zweier Lnder. Im Beitrag werden Gemeinsamkeiten und Unterschiede der drei Grundpositionen
- die nordamerikanische, die deutsche und die der Wissenschaftler nicht deutscher Herkunft - herausgearbeitet und insbesondere
im Hinblick auf die Thematisierung des multikulturellen Diskurses hinterfragt.
In the 1980s, a single female performer, Márta Sebestyén, defined Hungarian folk singing. Sebestyén’s voice, with the heavy ornamentation and chest timbre of the Hungarian-Transylvanian sound, became popular worldwide. Even as Sebestyén’s voice was popularized via electronic dance mixes and film soundtracks, in live performances and interviews she emphasized the ethnic minority Hungarians in Transylvania who served as her musical sources. The 21st century has seen the ascent of several young female singers in Hungary. They have taken the advocate role in a different direction, dramatizing the experiences of other underprivileged groups and of women. They face additional challenges: currently in Hungary, every sphere of artistic life, including folk music, must demonstrate economic independence. The young folk divas front their own groups and develop high concepts for their albums and performances. It remains to be seen whether their forthrightness will gain the same success as the modest image of the classic singer of the Hungarian folk revival style.