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Az Ókortudományi Társaság — az Emberi Erőforrások Minisztériuma támogatásával — a 2012/2013-as tanévben immár 49. alkalommal rendezte meg Ábel Jenőről elnevezett országos latin tanulmányi versenyét. A 2013. február 8-i első, iskolai fordulón 38 vidéki és 18 budapesti, azaz összesen 56 iskola 738 diákja versenyzett: 415-en (Budapestről 197, vidékről 218) a minores és 323-an (Budapestről 145, vidékről 178) a maiores kategóriában. A maiores kategória tételének címe „Nagy Lajos, a lovagkirály esete Laczkfi István sebészi módszereivel“, a minoresé pedig „Milyen a derék katona?“ volt. Az iskolákból 293 dolgozatot küldtek be, ebből 169-et (Budapestről 81, vidékről 88) a maiores, 124-et (Budapestről 70, vidékről 54) a minores kategóriában. A döntő fordulóra 47 (31 vidéki és 16 budapesti) iskolából hívtunk be összesen 206 főt, a maiores kategóriában 109 (Budapestről 56, vidékről 53), a minores kategóriában 97 főt (Budapestről 56, vidékről 41), akik közül megjelent 99 maior és 87 minor versenyző. Ők április 13-án az ELTE BTK-n mérhették össze tudásukat. A maiores kategória tételének címe „Nagy Sándor és a kátrányba ragadt holló“, a minoresé pedig „A megmentő Apollón“ volt.

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This paper investigates the relationship between the overall perception of the level of corruption and that of the quality of the ruling regime. Two subsets of political regimes are analysed — the neo-democracies from Latin America (LA) and Central and Eastern Europe (CEE). The principal thesis advanced here is that corruption affects negatively the quality of neo-democracy. However, the current research tries also to discover the specific mechanism by which this is achieved in practice. It is hypothesised that legitimacy, or, even, the particular way of legitimising the fledgling democracies, is the key. Legitimisation is mainly about the support granted to a specific policy and the regime as a whole. It has been demonstrated that the entire process has an input and output side. It is presumed that, during transition to democracy and its eventual consolidation, on the input side, both the opportunity structures (political institutions, legal tools and different kinds of both formal and informal practices) for citizens’ participation and control of the ruling elites are created, while, on the output side, legitimacy is achieved by producing concrete results regarding, for instance, the fight against corruption as well as the provision of a whole range of public goods, which enshrine the common aspirations of the majority of the population about democracy and human rights.

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Abstract

Bartók's influence on his outstanding Hungarian contemporary, László Lajtha (1892–1963) remains as yet largely unresearched. Lajtha studied with Bartók at the Royal Hungarian Academy of Music and went on to become a composer, folk music researcher, versatile teacher, international cultural ambassador, and member of the French Academy. The two men's friendship and mutual respect lasted throughout Bartók's life. Among the leading musicians of the time, it was Bartók who first expressed his high opinion of the younger composer's talent. Bartók's influence can be observed in almost every field of Lajtha's work. For example, it was Bartók who recommended that Lajtha choose Paris as the place to complete his studies, which fostered in turn Lajtha's orientation toward Latin culture. Following in Bartók's footsteps, Lajtha became one of the greatest folk music collectors and researchers in Hungary, and this music also exerted a significant effect on his compositional style. Bartók recommended that the director Georg Hoellering commission Lajtha to write film music, which became an important new genre for the latter. A large number of documents — especially the unpublished letters from László Lajtha to John S. Weissmann, one of his former students — offer proof that Bartók's inspiration and practical assistance were of paramount importance to the development of Lajtha's career, oeuvre, and aesthetics.

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Az Ókortudományi Társaság az Emberi Erőforrások Minisztériuma támogatásával a 2021/2022-es tanévben is megrendezte, immár 58. alkalommal, országos, Ábel Jenőről elnevezett latin tanulmányi versenyét. A Minisztérium versenyünket a Nemzeti

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Az Ókortudományi Társaság – a Kulturális és Innovációs Minisztérium támogatásával – a 2022/2023-as tanévben is megrendezte, immár 59. alkalommal, országos, Ábel Jenőről elnevezett latin tanulmányi versenyét. A Minisztérium versenyünket a Nemzeti

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Az Ókortudományi Társaság – az Emberi Erőforrások Minisztériuma támogatásával – a 2020/2021-es tanévben is megrendezte, immár 57. alkalommal, országos, Ábel Jenőről elnevezett latin tanulmányi versenyét. A Minisztérium versenyünket a Nemzeti

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Ornas (also Hornach) appears in the mentions of several Latin authors in the mid-thirteenth century as an important city deep in Asia that had been conquered by the Mongols. There have been several past suggestions by scholars for its identity; the scattered mentions of Ornas (Hornach) have been variously suggested to refer to Tana, Otrar, or Konye-Urgench. The present paper argues that these references, though confused on matters of geography since the Western European authors were writing about largely unknown regions that they did not personally visit, are typically references to the city of Konye-Urgench. The Latin authors’ descriptions of its fall to the Mongols unquestionably draw parallels with Middle Eastern, Rus’, Chinese, and Mongol accounts. This paper argues that the Latin references to Ornas’ proximity to a nearby sea are related to the Aral Sea which had southerly stretches very close to Konya-Urgench as is indicated, for instance from Russian survey maps of the nineteenth century. This identification allows us to place John of Plano Carpini’s description of the fall of Ornas within a larger, cohesive narrative which, though confused on points, offers insights on the fall of the Khwarazmian Empire in the early 1220s.

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Abstract  

Impact factors, publication-citation patterns and growth dynamics were analyzed for the Latin America and the Caribbean journals covered by the Science Citation Index (SCI) and Social Science Citation Index from 1995–2003. Two main journal groups were identified: those publishing mainly in English with substantial contributions from outside the region, and those publishing in local languages, principally by the local community and on subjects of local interest. We found little inter-citation among the local papers while the highest number of citations by extra-regional authors was to papers published in English. Quantitative indicators show that LA-C journals are better positioned in the mainstream literature than ever before.

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Summary The fact that poets, novelists, journalists, critics, and the general public of Latin America have embraced the interpretation of Martín Fierro as a work that defines Argentine national identity, has, in my opinion, diverted the attention of most critics from the real core of the analysis, which is that the very concepts of “literature,' “history,' “identity,' and “nationality' are and have been cultural constructions. The purpose of this essay is, then, to analyze Martín Fierro through the light of the theories of Benedict Anderson, Edward Said and Irena Nikolova in order to verify if the poem articulates the archetypical conventions (structure, theme, style) of the classical epic genre. And, departing from the results of that analysis, to examine how the textual and contextual relations between authorial ideology and European Romantic epic converge in the construction of the official concept of national literature in Argentine.

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Abstract  

The study seeks to identify the influence of local and regional publications in the production of public health research papers in the Latin American region. A citation analysis of the papers published in the following three leading journals in the field of public health was conducted: Revista Médica de Chile (Chile) (RMCh); Archivos Latinoamericanos de Nutrición (Venezuela) (ALAN); and Salud Pública de México (México) (SPM). Papers were analyzed for the period 2003–2007. SciELO (Scientific Electronic Library Online) and the printed version of the journals were used in the analysis. Overall, 1,273 papers from 122 journal issues were analyzed. References accounted for a total of 38,459. Over 90% of the production was published through the collaboration of two or more authors. Author affiliation corresponded in most cases to the country of origin of the journal. References to Portuguese papers accounted for nearly 5% in ALAN and less than 1% each in SPM and RMCh. Citations among the three journals were not significant. Only ALAN cited RMCh and SPM over 3% each, of total citations. SPM and RMCh cited each other less than 1% of total citations. With the exception of ALAN, most public health papers published in RMCh and SPM derived from the national collaboration of researchers in the field. A small amount of public health knowledge communication was being transferred from Brazil to the region through RMCh and SPM. A vertical and individual (per journal/country) model of knowledge communication in public health was identified.

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