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Abstract  

Five different samples of a new sorbent, modified mesoporous cerium(IV) silicate have been prepared with various mole ratios of Si/Ce and Cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTMABr) as template. XRD, nitrogen sorption, SEM, IR, thermogravimetry and sorption of radionuclides have been studied. Separation of Hg(II)-Th(IV), Hg(II)-Zr(IV) and Rb(I)-Zr(IV) have been developed on columns of this novel sorbent.

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Abstract  

The sorption of iron(III) in ionic and colloidal states on iron(III) oxide deposited on a silica gel surface has been studied as a function of pH of aqueous solution by batch equilibrations. The behaviour of Fe3+ and colloidal Fe(III) on the sorbent column has also been investigated. Conditions for sorption of iron from aqueous solutions are given. The colloidal iron(III) can be quantitatively separated from Fe3+ on the sorbent column under given experimental conditions.

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Abstract  

Several sorbents were prepared by precipitating zirconium phosphate on activated carbon support material. The main parameters of the chemical procedure were optimized in order to obtain the highest decontamination factors which can be achieved in the case of Cs+, Sr2+ and I ions. For the characterization of the sorbents, sorption isotherms and capacity data were determined. The reproducibility of the preparation is about 10%.

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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors:
N. Cvjetićanin
,
D. Cvjetićanin
,
D. Golobočanin
, and
M. Pravica

Abstract  

The adsorption of colloidal trivalent iron on neutral, acid and basic Al2O3 from aqueous solution as a function of pH has been studied. The dependence of sorption of pH is characterized by a maximum, whose position depends on the nature of colloidal particles and surface properties of the sorbents. Adsorption isotherms for the given range of sorbent loading can be expressed by the Langmuir adsorption equation.

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. Zhao H-Y , Cao Y , Lineberry Q , Pan W-P . Evaluation of CO 2 adsorption capacity of solid sorbents . J Therm Anal Calorim. 2011 . doi: 10.1007/s10973-011-1481-1 . 10

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Abstract  

Thermal stability of two-component organosilica sorbents – silico-polymethylsiloxanes with the ratio of hydrophilic and hydrophobic components of 50:50 and 70:30 mass%, and their forms, modified by copper(II), was investigated using thermal analysis (DTG, DTA, TG). The influence of the composition of modified organosilica sorbents and copper(II) content on the endothermic (removal of adsorbed water) and exothermic (decomposition by oxidation of methyl groups, possible hydration of surface) peak temperatures and on mass loss is shown. It was found that thermal stability of organosilica modified by copper(II) was lower than that of initial sorbents and depends on the content of modifying component and ratio of silanol and methylsilil groups in organosilica composition.

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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors:
S. Goheen
,
B. McVeety
,
T. Clauss
,
R. Lucke
,
M. Ligotke
,
J. Edwards
, and
J. Fruchter

Abstract  

Organic species from the headspace of one Hanford radioactive waste tank are described. Samples were collected either using a sorbent trap or a SUMMATM canister and were analyzed by gas chromatograph and mass spectrometry. The headspace contained several organic components, including alkanes, alkenes, ketones, aldehydes, organic nitriles, and chlorinated hydrocarbons. Sorbent trap samples were designed to collect only normal paraffin hydrocarbons (NPHs). A comparison of NPH data from sorbent traps and SUMMATM cans revealed results of 693 and 1320 mg/m3, NPH respectively. Significant differences were observed in NPH values when samples were collected at different times, or at different locations in the tank. These data suggest either the time of collection, or the position of the sampling device are important variables in the analysis of organic species from Hanford tanks.

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Abstract  

The effects of pH, ionic strength and concentration on the sorption of Th(IV) on alumina and silica were investigated and the sorption isotherms of Th(IV) on alumina and silica at different pH values were determined. It was found for both sorbents that the absorbability of silica is less than that of alumina. The relative sorption rate of silica is similar to that of alumina. The sorption edges are similar to each other, that the insensitivity of sorption to ionic strength is about the same. These similarities between the sorbents suggest that the speciation of Th(IV) in aqueous solutions plays a significant, but subtle role, in controlling the sorption process, because the charges of both sorbents are distinctly different. The mechanism of Th(IV) sorption on alumina is distinctly different from that of the sorptions of Cs+, Eu3+ and Yb3+ on alumina, and similar to that of the sorption of Co(II) on alumina.

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, acetonitrile, and solid sorbent for BPA extraction. The samples with BPA concentrations <MDL were in glass containers or cans that are void from any BPA lining like tin, gold plated, or steel plating. This indicated also that raw food (before canning

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Abstract  

Nuclear analytical techniques namely fission track technique using solid state nuclear track detector (SSNTD) and instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA) have been standardized and applied for quantification of low uranium concentrations in liquid samples such as feed, elute and brine and solid sorbent samples respectively. The quantification of uranium is required for its recovery study from seawater, which is one of the potential sources of uranium. The uranium concentration of a liquid sample obtained by SSNTD method was compared with the other well established conventional techniques like ICP-MS, ICP-AES, adsorptive stripping voltametry and alpha spectrometry. INAA was applied for uranium concentration determination in the radiation grafted polyamidoxime sorbent samples.

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