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we use the term “problematic smartphone use” (PSU) due to the recently debated topic about the terminology of this phenomenon ( Billieux, Maurage, Lopez-Fernandez, Kuss, & Griffiths, 2015 ; Panova & Carbonell, 2018 ). Indeed, PSU is

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, Chesson AJ , and Quan S ( 2007 ). The AASM manual for the scoring of sleep and associated events: rules, terminology and technical

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Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Authors:
Todd L. Jennings
,
Neil Gleason
,
John E. Pachankis
,
Beáta Bőthe
, and
Shane W. Kraus

, 1985 ). These variations in terminology reflect a history of controversy marked by myriad opposing etiological conceptualizations ( Grubbs et al., 2020 ). While disagreements remain today, the ICD-11 classifies CSBD as an impulse control disorder ( Reed

Open access
Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Authors:
Mehdi Akbari
,
Mohammad Seydavi
,
Sara Palmieri
,
Giovanni Mansueto
,
Gabriele Caselli
, and
Marcantonio M. Spada

, & Pallesen, 2012 ). Montag et al. (2019) recently debated that the mentioned terminologies present a diagnostic challenge in the study of internet use disorders, as the self-report inventories that address the constructs mentioned

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utilized the same NESARC Wave 1 and/or Wave 2 data, there were variations in terminologies (e.g., pathological gambling, problem/pathological gambling, and at-risk/problem/pathological gambling), thresholds employed, and gambling groups used in describing

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Abstract

Background and aims

Problematic exercise (PE) has mainly been assessed with self-report instruments. However, summarized evidence on the reliability of the scores derived from such instruments has yet to be provided. The present study reports a reliability generalization meta-analysis of six well-known self-report measures of PE (Commitment to Exercise Scale, Compulsive Exercise Test, Exercise Addiction Inventory, Exercise Dependence Questionnaire, Exercise Dependence Scale, and Obligatory Exercise Questionnaire).

Methods

Pooled effect sizes were computed using a random-effect model employing a restricted maximum likelihood estimation method. Univariable and multivariable meta-regressions analyses were employed for testing moderator variables.

Results

Data retrieved from 255 studies (741 independent samples, N = 254,174) identified three main groups of findings: (i) pooled alpha values that, ranging from 0.768 to 0.930 for global scores and from 0.615 to 0.907 for subscale scores, were found to be sensitive to sociodemographic and methodological characteristics; (ii) reliability induction rates of 47.58%; and (iii) the virtually non-existent testing of the assumptions required for the proper applicability of alpha. Data unavailability prevented the provision of summarized reliability estimates in terms of temporal stability.

Discussion

These findings highlight the need to improve reliability reporting of the scores of self-reported instruments of PE in primary studies. This implies providing both prior justification for the appropriateness of the index employed and reliability data for all the subpopulation of interest. The values presented could be used as a reference both for comparisons with those obtained in future primary studies and for correcting measurement-related artefacts in quantitative meta-analytic research concerning PE.

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with an abundance of morphological details that can safely allow the identification of the botanical species; and Literary evidence: this concerns the terminology associated with use of psychoactive sources that can be identified in the ancient

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, 2016 ; Fineberg et al., 2022 ), causing inconsistencies in terminology and taxonomy ( Griffiths, 2021 ; Montag, Wegmann, Sariyska, Demetrovics, & Brand, 2020 ; Rumpf, Browne, Brandt, & Rehbein, 2020 ). Due to these inconsistencies, the prevalence of

Open access
Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Authors:
Daniel L. King
,
Sally M. Gainsbury
,
Paul H. Delfabbro
,
Nerilee Hing
, and
Brett Abarbanel

features of gaming and gambling, and their overlap, to promote further critical discussion of the terminology employed across a diverse range of technology-based addictive behaviours. Convergence of Gaming and Gambling

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about adolescents addicted to computer games in the 1980s. However, there is still no consensus on whether pathologies related to the use of video games are underlying the same phenomenon. The authors provide a nuanced picture of terminology, history

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