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Abstract

Four polydentate azomehines and their mono- and binuclear Pt(II), Cu(II), and Ni(II) complexes were synthesized and characterized. The resulting complexes were characterized by FTIR, magnetic measurements, elemental analysis, conductivity measurements, and thermal analysis. Electronic spectra and magnetic susceptibility measurements sustain the proposed distorted square-planar structures for the copper complexes. The electronic spectra display the characteristic pattern of square-planar stereochemistry for the other complexes. The thermal analyses have evidenced the thermal intervals of stability and also the thermodynamic effects that accompany them. Azomethine complexes have a similar thermal behavior for the selected metal ions. The decomposition processes as water elimination, chloride anion removal as well as degradation of the organic ligands were observed.

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Abstract

A series of Mn(II), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II) complexes of azo-compounds containing hydroxyl quinoline moiety have been synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, molar conductance, magnetic moments, IR, electronic and ESR spectral studies. The results revealed the formation of 1:1 and 1:2 (L:M) complexes. The molar conductance data reveal that the chelates are nonelectrolyte. IR spectra indicate that the azodyes behave as monobasic bidentate or dibasic tetradentate ligands through phenolate or carboxy oxygen, azo N for 1:1 (L:M) complexes beside phenolate oxygen and quinoline N atoms for 1:2 (L:M) complexes. The thermal analyses (TG and DTA) as well as the solid electrical conductivity measurements are also studied. The molecular parameters of the ligands and their metal complexes have been calculated.

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Abstract

Grewia gum is a naturally occurring polysaccharide which has potential as a pharmaceutical excipient. Differential scanning calorimetry and Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy techniques were used to examine the thermal and molecular behaviours, respectively, of mixtures of grewia gum with cimetidine, ibuprofen or standard excipients, to assess potential interactions. No disappearance or broadening of the melting endotherm was seen with cimetidine or ibuprofen. Similarly, there was no interaction between grewia gum and the standard excipients tested. The results obtained using thermal analyses were supported by FT-IR analysis of the material mixtures. Grewia gum is an inert natural polymer which can be used alone or in combination with other excipients in the formulation of pharmaceutical dosage forms.

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1,10-phenanthroline (phen), 2,2′-bipyridyl (bipy), pyridine (py) and 4-picoline (4-pic) complexes of dibutyltindichloride (Bu2SnCl2) and dimethyltindichloride (Me2SnCl2) were synthesized. The complexes were characterized with the help of elemental analyses, IR spectra and thermal analyses. The complexes were found to have the compositions [Bu2SnCl2·phen], [Bu2SnCl2·bipy], [Me2SnCl2·phen], [Me2SnCl2·bipy], [Me2SnCl2·2py] and [Me2SnCl2·2(4-pic)]·H2O. All these complex compounds appeared to posses octahedral structures. Thermodynamic parameters, such as activation energyE a * enthalpy change ΔH and entropy change ΔS, for the dehydration and sublimation of the complexes were evaluated using some standard methods.

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Abstract  

Fourteen organic compounds, 1-pentene, 2-methylbutane, 2-methyl-1,3-butadiene (isoprene),n-pentane, 2-chloropropane, ethyl alcohol, 2,2,4-trimethylpentane,n-hexane,n-hepatane, 1,3-difluorobenzene, 1,2-dichloroethane, hexafluorobenzene, cyclohexane and diphenyl ether, as new reference materials for energy and temperature calibrations of differential thermal analysers (DTA) and differential scanning calorimeters (DSC) in the temperature range 100–300 K, were investigated. The purities, triple point and transition temperatures, fusion and transition enthalpies of these compounds were measured using a low-temperature DTA apparatus developed by the CTM of the CNRS in Marseille. The results obtained were compared with those produced by adiabatic precision calorimetry. Our data are in good agreement with literature values. Enthalpies of fusion and transition, triple point and transition temperatures are reproduced within ±1% and ±0.1K, respectively.

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Abstract  

Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Cd(II) chelates with 1-aminoethylidenediphosphonic acid (AEDP, H4L1), α-amino benzylidene diphosphonic acid (ABDP, H4L2), 1-amino-2-carboxyethane-1,1-diphosphonic acid (ACEDP, H5L3), 1,3-diaminopropane-1,1,3,3-tetraphosphonicacid (DAPTP, H8L4), ethylenediamine-N,N′-bis(dimethylmethylene phosphonic)acid (EDBDMPO, H4L5), O-phenylenediamine-N,N′-bis(dimethyl methylene phosphonic)acid (PDBDMPO, H4L6), diethylene triamine-N,N,N′,N′,NN″-penta(methylene phosphonic)acid (DETAPMPO, H10L7) and diethylene triamine-N,N″-bis(dimethyl methylene phosphonic)acid (DETBDMPO, H4L8) have been synthesised and were characterised by elemental and thermal analyses as well as by IR, UV–VIS, EPR and magnetic measurements. The first stage in the thermal decomposition process of these complexes shows the presence of water of hydration, the second denotes the removal of the coordinated water molecules. After the loss of water molecules, the organic part starts decomposing. The final decomposition product has been found to be the respective MO·P2O5. The data of the investigated complexes suggest octahedral geometry with respect to Co(II) and Ni(II) and tetragonally distorted octahedral geometry with respect to Cu(II). Antiferromagnetism has been inferred from magnetic moment data. Infrared spectral studies have been carried out to determine coordination sites.

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Abstract  

The paper discusses the influence of variable experimental conditions on the thermal decomposition of carbonate minerals. This study was based on Ca-Mg carbonate minerals from Upper Permian dolomite and zuber rocks as well as on calcite and magnesite samples from geological formations of various ages. X-ray diffraction was applied for comparative purposes. Experimental conditions were chosen based on the authors' experience related to studies of both fossil and contemporary organic matters as well as various materials of geological provenience. Since the main factor in thermal analysis of carbonates is the appropriate choice of experimental conditions for outflow of gaseous reaction products, the thermal analyses were carried out with various sample holders, various sample masses and varied thickness of sample layers in holders, using also a dynamic atmosphere. The results obtained indicated that different experimental conditions produced extremely different TA data, e.g. the traditional analysis in crucible sample holders with a thick sample layer (great sample mass) showed well expressed double thermal effects of dolomite. For thin sample layer both peaks of thermal decomposition of carbonate components occurred in very close or almost identical temperatures. The presented results enabled to devise a detailed procedure referring to the choice of experimental conditions and interpretation possibilities as well as to recommend specific TA instruments design and sample holders types.

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Abstract  

We have studied the dehydration and the calcination under atmospheric pressure of cyclotriphosphate tetrahydrate of nickel and sodium, NiNa4(P3O9)2·6H2O, between 25 and 700°C by thermal analyses (TG, DTA) infrared spectrometry and X-ray diffraction. This study allows us the identification and the crystallographic characterization of a new phase, NiNa4(PO3)6, obtained between 350 and 450°C. NiNa4(PO3)6 crystallizes in the triclinic system, P–1, with the following unit cell parameters a=6.157(3) Å, b=6.820(6) Å, c=10.918(6) Å, =80.21(5)°, =97.80(9)°, =113.49(3)°, V=409.8 Å3, Z=1, M(19)=25 and F(19)=48 (0.0095; 42). The calcination of NiNa4(PO3)6, between 500 and 600°C, leads to a mixture of long-chain polyphosphates NiNa(PO3)3 and NaPO3. The kinetic characteristics of the dehydration of NiNa4(P3O9)2·6H2O were determined and discussed. The vibrational spectrum of the title compound, NiNa4(P3O9)2·6H2O, was interpreted in the domain of the stretching vibrations of the P3O9 rings, on the basis of its crystalline structure and in the light of the calculation of the normal IR frequencies of the P3O9 ring with D3h symmetry.

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Several complex salts of general formula [MII(dipy)3]MIVCl6 or [MII(phen)3]MIVCl6 (whereM II=Ru, Fe, Ni andM IV=Sn, Pt) were synthetized and subjected to thermal analyses. Heating of these derivatives leads to the release of organic fragments and chlorine, which are often involved in oxidation processes. The residues comprise metal oxides or pure metals (e.g. Pt). Differences in the structures and features of the ligand molecules, revealed on the basis of quantum-chemistry calculations, account qualitatively for the differences in behaviour and stability of the complex compounds studied.

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Abstract  

Schiff bases obtained by the condensation of 2-amino-5-mercapto-1,3,4-thiadiazole with 2,4-pentandione or 1-phenyl-1,3-butandione were synthesized and characterized in order to obtain polydentate ligands HL1 and HL2, respectively. The complexes with these ligands of the type M(L)Cl·nH2O [(1) M:Ni, L:L1, n = 0.5; (3) M:Ni, L:L2, n = 0.5]; [(2) M:Cu, L:L1, n = 1; (4) M:Cu, L:L2, n = 0] were also synthesized and characterized. The modifications evidenced in IR spectra of complexes were correlated with the presence of monodeprotonate Schiff bases. The electronic spectra display the characteristic pattern of square-planar stereochemistry. The in vitro qualitative and quantitative antimicrobial activity assays showed that the new complexes exhibited variable antimicrobial activity. The thermal analyses have evidenced the thermal intervals of stability and also the thermodynamic effects that accompany them. Schiff bases and complexes have a similar thermal behaviour. Processes as water elimination, melting, chloride anion removal as well as oxidative degradation of the organic ligands were observed.

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