Authors:A. S. Al-Hobaib, D. M. Al-Dhayan, K. M. Al-Sulaiman, and A. A. Al-Suhybani
Sand filters are used as a filter bed in many ground water treatment plants to remove the physical contaminants and oxidation
products. A build-up of radioactivity may take place on the granules, where iron and manganese oxides are deposited and form
thin films on the surface of sand filter. The oxides of iron and manganese play an important role in adsorbing radium from
ground water. The disposal of those granules makes a significant problem. A batch technique is used for solubilization of
radium from sand filters in the presence of some organic acids, which act as reducing agents. These acids are formic acid,
acetic acid, benzoic acid, succinic acid, oxalic acid, phthalic acid, and adipic acid. The data were obtained as a function
of acidity, temperature, contact time and liquid/solid ratio particle size and shaking speed. It was found that oxalic acid
was the best for radium removal. The effectiveness of these acids on radium removal was as follows: oxalic acid > phthalic
acid > adipic acid > succinic acid > formic acid > acetic acid. The maximum removal obtained was 69.9% at 1M oxalic acid at
8 ml/g ratio. Reaction kinetics and mechanism parameters of the dissolution process were studied and compared with other published
The interactions between MoO3 and Sb2O3 or α-Sb2O4 taking place in the solid state in air during high-temperature as well as mechanochemical treatments have been investigated.
The high-energy ball milling of MoO3 with Sb2O3 converts α-Sb2O3 to β-Sb2O3 and leads to formation of Sb2MoO6 and Sb4Mo10O31 phases. They are the final products of thermal synthesis in an inert atmosphere but not in air. The solid solution of MoO3 in β-Sb2O4 was obtained in high-temperature reaction of MoO3 with Sb2O3 or α-Sb2O4 as well as by milling of mixture MoO3/α-Sb2O4 for 14 h. The milling resulted in higher than 3 mol% solubility of MoO3 in β-Sb2O4. The constructed phase diagram of MoO3–α-Sb2O4 system is presented.
Radiometric X-ray fluorescence analysis was used for the determination of Mn, Fe, Cu, Zn and Pb in wastewater and sludges from three wastewater treatment plants in Bratislava (SR). Metals were determined in wastewaters after preconcentration by 8-hydroxyquinoline and in sludges by drying and pressing to pellets.238Pu and109Cd was used for excitation of fluorescence radiation.
Authors:M. Misdaq, Y. Ouahidi, S. Fakhi, J. Lamine, A. Bakhchi, A. Yves, M. Azouazi, J. Abbe, and M. Benmansour
The uranium and thorium contents were evaluated in the 100–400 µm granulometric fraction of different sedimentary phosphate samples by using a method based on determining the mean critical angles of etching of the CR-39 and LR-115 type II solid state nuclear track detectors (SSNTD) for detecting -particles emitted by the nuclei of the uranium-238 and thorium-232 series. Data obtained were compared with the results of -ray spectrometry measurements performed on the same samples. The influence of the calcination and water washing treatments as well as the lithology and stratigraphy on the uranium concentration of the phosphate samples was investigated.
Authors:S. Khalameida, J. Skubiszewska-Zięba, V. Zazhigalov, R. Leboda, and K. Wieczorek-Ciurowa
Mechanochemical treatment (MChT) in various media (water, air, ethanol) of the V2O5/ammonium dimolybdate composition at the ratio V:Mo = 0.7:0.3 has been carried out. Physicochemical transformations in this
system have been studied by means of X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) and thermal analysis as well as FTIR spectroscopy. Ammonium
dimolybdate undergoes hydration with formation of 4-aqueous ammonium paramolybdate during the MChT in water. Changes of phase
and chemical composition at activation are determined first of all by nature of medium in which milling was carried out. Maximal
interaction of components occurs during modification of the studied system in water.
Authors:J. Bajdik, K. Pintye-Hódi, Cs. Novák, P. Szabó-Révész, G. Regdon, I. Erős, and G. Pokol
Dimenhydrinate is a heat-sensitive antihistamine with a low melting point. The heat-sensitive feature is of importance if
direct compression is used. Direct measurement of the heat originating in the texture of tablets during compression is very
difficult. Thermoanalytical methods were used as indirect methods to describe the changes in material properties at high temperature:
differential scanning calorimetry, thermomicroscopy and thermogravimetric analysis. Film coating method is widely used in
pharmaceutical technology. A fluidized bed apparatus was applied to coat the crystals. The coating film forming agent was
hydroxy-propyl-methylcellulose (HPMC), which is a gastric-soluble polymer. Thermoanalytical measurements reveal that dimenhydrinate
crystals are sensitive to heat. Film coating method does not alter the shape of the DSC curve of dimenhydrinate, but increases
the melting point. The presence of a macromolecular film reduces the thermal conductivity, because it separates the particles.
Authors:E. Yörükoğulları, G. Yılmaz, and S. Dikmen
In this study, the zeolitic tuffs having clinoptilolite obtained from Bigadic region of western of Anatolia, Turkey were investigated
as regards to whether it is possible to be transformed into amorphous phase from them. At first, the zeolite tuffs rich in
clinoptilolite were characterized using XRD, DTA, TG, DSC, and FTIR standard methods. All the samples were heated at 110 °C
for 2 h and then were expanded within 5 min between the temperatures 1200 and 1400 °C. In addition, porosity and density were
determined. The resistance values of all the samples were measured in acidic and basic media. These samples were also analyzed.
As a result of this study, zeolitic tuffs in clinoptilolite were transformed into amorphous phase, and especially in chemical
industry were found convenient.
We present real time vanadate (V5+ ) uptake imaging in acowpea plant by positron emitting tracer imaging system (PETIS). Vanadium-48was produced by bombarding a Sc foil target with 50 MeV -particlesat Takasaki Ion Accelerators for Advanced Radiation Application (TIARA) AVFcyclotron. Then 48 V was added to the culture solution to investigatethe V distribution in a cowpea plant. The real time uptake of the 48V was monitored by PETIS. We measured the distribution of 48Vin a whole plant after 3, 6 and 20 hours of V treatment by Bio-imaging AnalyzerSystem (BAS). After the 20 hour treatment, vanadate was detected at the up-groundpart of the plant. To know the effect of V uptake on plant activity, 18F-labeled water uptake was analyzed by PETIS. When a cowpea plantwas treated with V for 20 hours before 18 F-labeled water uptakeexperiment, the total amount of 18F-labeled water absorption wasdrastically decreased. Results suggest the inhibition of water uptake wasmainly caused by the vanadate already moved to the up-ground part of the plant.
Authors:J. Gbadago, A. Faanhof, C. Schandorf, and E. Darko
The effectiveness of the neutralization process on heavy metals precipitated in sludge has been evaluated using instrumental
neutron activation analysis (INAA) facilities at the South African Nuclear Energy Corporation (Necsa). The elemental concentrations
of Th, Fe, Ag, Co, Cr, As, Au and K were reduced after the neutralization process with the exception of Mn and Sn which appeared
to be enhanced by the neutralization process. Even though the neutralization process was targeted at the basic ferric arsenate
compound, it was found to be effective in reducing other elemental concentrations. The variations in the geochemical compositions
of the sulphidic ores during treatment at various stages also showed that physical processing stages do not significantly
alter the elemental concentrations in the feed materials, however, the chemically active processing stages do. Also, the enhancement
of the elements at the chemical stages depends on total quality control, where the application was not very repeatable the
pattern of variation of elements at some stages was found to be irregular irrespective of the ore grade. The elements; Sn,
Fe, Th, K, Au, Ag, As, Cr, and Co were enhanced in almost all the chemically active stages. Au was much more enhanced during
flotation and bio-oxidation processes. Correlation analysis performed to determine the distribution patterns show that Fe,
As, Ag and Co are geochemically associated and might be enriched simultaneously.