Search Results

You are looking at 111 - 120 of 206 items for :

  • "non-isothermal kinetics" x
  • Refine by Access: All Content x
Clear All

Thermal decomposition kinetics of some aromatic azomonoethers

Part II. Non-isothermal study of three liquid crystals in dynamic air atmosphere

Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: A. Rotaru, Anna Kropidłowska, Anca Moanţă, P. Rotaru, and E. Segal

Abstract  

Thermal analysis of three azomonoether dyes, exhibiting liquid-crystalline properties, was performed in dynamic air atmosphere. Thermal stability studies and the evaluation of the kinetic parameters of each physical or chemical transformations are essential for a full characterization, before attempting accurate thin films’ depositions of such materials used in non-linear optical applications. New synthesized dyes with general formula:

article image
where R is a nematogenic group: CN, CF3 or a highly polarizable group: NO2 were investigated using TG, DTG, DTA and DSC techniques, under non-isothermal regime. The evolved gases were analyzed by FTIR spectroscopy. The activation energies of the first decomposition step were evaluated for each compound, the obtained results revealing complex mechanisms.

Restricted access

Abstract  

The Eu tris(dibenzoylmethanato)phenanthroline complex doped xerogel has been synthesized by a catalyst-free sol-gel roure. The non-isothermal kinetic analysis is calculated by Friedman isoconversional method and multivariate non-linear regression method. The overall decomposition process below 600C is fitted by an Fn model (n order reaction), corresponding to the dehydration of the matrix, and a two-step consecutive reaction of Cn model (n order autocatalytic reaction), corresponding to the decomposition of organic complex. Correlation coefficient is 0.99986. The lifetime values of xerogel, defined as the 5% decomposition of europium organic complex, indicate that the xerogel can find application at near room temperature.

Restricted access

Abstract  

Criteris for deciding upon the support effect by the thermal decomposition of precursor/support systems are discussed. Instead of the linear relationship between lgA and E, two new criteria determined by the calculated rate maximum were suggested. Dimensionless criteria based on the rate, conversion and temperature values at the inflexion point of the TG diagram lead to a parameter able to describe the support effect in a synthetic and quantitative manner. The experimental data were the TG-curves for the decomposition of ammonium metavanadate, molybdic acid and ammonium phosphomolybdate, supported on carborundum and silica.

Restricted access

Abstract  

The thermal behavior of Cd2+ and Co2+ phenyl-vinyl-phosphonates was studied using two different experimental strategies: the coupled TG-EGA (FTIR) technique by decomposition in nitrogen respectively air, and the kinetic analysis of TG data obtained in dynamic air atmosphere at four heating rates. In nitrogen two decomposition steps were observed: the loss of crystallization water, respectively the decomposition of the phenyl-vinyl radical. In air, the same dehydration was observed as the first step, but the second one is a thermooxidation of the organic radical with formation of the pyrophosphoric anion. The kinetic analysis of the TG non-isothermal data was performed by the isoconversional methods suggested by Friedman and Flynn, Wall and Ozawa, as well as by the non-parametric (Sempere-Nomen) method. All processes put in evidence in TG curves exhibit strong changes of the activation energy values with the conversion degree, which mean that these processes are complex ones. Assuming that each of these processes consists in two steps, the application of non-parametric method leads to average values of the activation energy close to the average values of this parameter obtained by isoconversional methods.

Restricted access
Restricted access

Abstract  

The non-isothermal decomposition process of the powder sample of palladium acetylacetonate [Pd(acac)2] was investigated by thermogravimetric (TG) and the X-ray diffraction (XRD) techniques. Model-free isoconversional method of Tang, applied to the investigated decomposition process, yield practically constant apparent activation energy in the range of 0.05≤α≤0.95. It was established, that the Coats-Redfern (CR) method gives several statistically equivalent reaction models, but only for the phase-boundary reaction models (R2 and R3), the calculated value of the apparent activation energy (E) is nearest to the values of E obtained by the Tang’s and Kissinger’s methods. The apparent activation energy value obtained by the IKP method (132.4 kJ mol−1) displays a good agreement with the value of E obtained using the model-free analysis (130.3 kJ mol−1). The artificial isokinetic relationship (aIKR) was used for the numerical reconstruction of the experimental integral model function, g(α). It was established that the numerically reconstructed experimental function follows R3 reaction model in the range of α, taken from model-free analysis. Generally, decomposition process of Pd(acac)2 starts with initial nucleation which was characterized by rapid onset of an acceleratory reaction without presence of induction period.

Restricted access