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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: Mihaela Badea, Rodica Olar, Dana Marinescu, Veronica Lazar, Carmen Chifiriuc, and Gina Vasile

Abstract  

This paper reports the investigation on the thermal stability of new complexes with mixed ligands of the type [Cd(NN)(C3H3O2)2(H2O)m]·nH2O [(1) NN: 1,10-phenantroline, m = 1, n = 0; (2) NN: 2,2′-bipyridine, m = 0, n = 1.5 and (C3H3O2): acrylate anion]. The IR data indicate a bidentate coordination mode for both heterocyclic amine and acrylate. The in vitro qualitative and quantitative antimicrobial activity assays showed that the complexes exhibited variable antimicrobial activity against planktonic as well as biofilm embedded Gram-negative (Escherichia coli, Klebsiella sp., Proteus sp., Salmonella sp., Shigella sp., Acinetobacter boumani, Pseudomonas aeruginosa), Gram-positive (Bacillus subtilis, Staphylococcus aureus) and fungal (Candida albicans) strains, reference and isolated ones from the hospital environment. The thermal behaviour steps were investigated in synthetic air flow. The thermal transformations are complex processes according to TG and DTA curves including dehydration, amine as well as acrylate thermolysis. The final products of decomposition are the most stable metal oxides.

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, complexes of 2,2′-bipyridine and 2,2bipyridine N , N ′-dioxide with ions of transition metals are reported in the literature [ 2 – 4 ]. The coordination takes place through the two nitrogen atoms or the two oxygen atoms, respectively, leading to the

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A , Toftlund H , Hazell A , Bourassa J , Ford PC . Crystal structure, luminescence and other properties of some lanthanide complexes of the polypyridine ligand 6,6′-bis[bis(2-pyridylmethyl) aminomethyl]-2,2′-bipyridine . J Chem Soc

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Abstract  

The [InCl3(L)n] (where L is 2,2′-bipyridine (bipy), 2,2′-bipyridine N,N′-dioxide (bipyNO), N,N-dimethylacetamide (dma), urea (u), thiourea (tu) or 1,1,3,3-tetramethylthiourea (tmtu); n = 1.5, 3 or 4) were synthesized and characterized by melting points, elemental analysis, thermal analysis and IR spectroscopy. The enthalpies of dissolution of the adducts, Indium(III) chloride and ligands in 1.2 M aqueous HCl were measured and by using thermochemical cycles, the following thermochemical parameters for the adducts have been determined: the standard enthalpies for the Lewis acid/base reactions (Δr H θ), the standard enthalpies of formation (Δf H θ), the lattice standard enthalpies (ΔM H θ), and the standard enthalpies of decomposition (ΔD H θ).

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Abstract  

The complex of [Nd(BA)3bipy]2 (BA = benzoic acid; bipy = 2,2′-bipyridine) has been synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, IR spectra, single crystal X-ray diffraction, and TG/DTG techniques. The crystal is monoclinic with space group P2(1)/n. The two–eight coordinated Nd3+ ions are linked together by four bridged BA ligands and each Nd3+ ion is further bonded to one chelated bidentate BA ligand and one 2,2′-bipyridine molecule. The thermal decomposition process of the title complex was discussed by TG/DTG and IR techniques. The non-isothermal kinetics was investigated by using double equal-double step method. The kinetic equation for the first stage can be expressed as dα/dt = A exp(−E/RT)(1 − α). The thermodynamic parameters (ΔH , ΔG , and ΔS ) and kinetic parameters (activation energy E and pre-exponential factor A) were also calculated.

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Abstract  

The complexes of the general formula MLSCN (M=Cu(I), Ag(I), L=2,2′-bipyridine=2-bipy, 4,4′-bipyridine=4-bipy or 2,4′-bipyridine=2,4′bipy) have been prepared and their IR spectra examined. The nature of metal-ligand coordination is discussed. Thermal decomposition in air of these complexes occurred in several successive endothermic and exothermic processes and the residue was Cu2O and Ag, respectively.

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Abstract  

The thermal decomposition of Eu2(BA)6(bipy)2 (BA=C2H5N 2, benzoate; bipy=C10H8N2, 2,2'-bipyridine)and its kinetics were studied under the non-isothermal condition by TG-DTG, IR and SEM methods. The kinetic parameters were obtained from analysis of the TG-DTG curves by the Achar method, the Madhusudanan-Krishnan-Ninan (MKN) method, the Ozawa method and the Kissinger method. The most probable mechanism function was suggested by comparing the kinetic parameters. The kinetic equation for the first stage can be expressed as: dα/dt=Aexp(–E/RT)3(1–α)2/3.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: Crislene Morais, C. Gameiro, P. Santa-Cruz, S. Alves Jr, L. Soledade, and A. Souza

Abstract  

The complexes of general formula Ln(btfa)3L, where Ln=Eu or Tb, btfa=4,4,4-trifluoro-1-phenyl-1,3-butanedione, L=1,10-phenanthroline (phen) or 2,2-bipyridine (bipy), were synthesized by reacting the corresponding metal chloride with the proper β-diketone and the other ligand. The complexes were obtained in the powder form and were characterized by photoluminescence and TG. Their thermal decomposition was studied by non-isothermal thermogravimetric techniques. The Eu(btfa)3bipy complex presented the highest thermal stability and it melts before being decomposed. The complex Eu(btfa)3phen presented the largest activation energy for a heating rate of 5C min–1.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: Li-Fang Song, Chun-Hong Jiang, Jian Zhang, Li-Xian Sun, Fen Xu, Wan-Sheng You, Yi Zhao, Zhi-Heng Zhang, Mei-Han Wang, Yutake Sawada, Zhong Cao, and Ju-Lan Zeng

Abstract  

A novel metal-organic frameworks [Cu2(OH)(2,2′-bpy)2(BTC) · 2H2O]n (CuMOF, BTC = benzene-1,3,5-tricarboxylic acid, 2,2′-bpy = 2,2′-bipyridine) has been synthesized hydrothermally and characterized by single crystal XRD, FT-IR spectra. The low-temperature molar heat capacities were measured by temperature modulated differential scanning calorimetry (TMDSC) for the first time. The thermodynamic parameters such as entropy and enthalpy relative to reference temperature 298.15 K were derived based on the above molar heat capacity data. Moreover, the thermal stability and the decomposition mechanism of CuMOF were investigated by TG-MS (thermogravimetry-mass spectrometer). A four-stage mass loss was observed in the TG curve. MS curve indicated that the gas products for oxidative degradation of CuMOF were H2O, CO2, NO and NO2.

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Abstract  

An investigation on the thermodynamics of complex formation between Ag(I) ion and two tripodal ligands tris[(2-pyridyl)methyl]amine (TPA) and 6,6′-bis-[bis-(2-pyridylmethyl)aminomethyl]-2,2′-bipyridine (BTPA) has been carried out in the aprotic solvents dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) and dimethylformamide (DMF) by means of potentiometry and titration calorimetry. The results for TPA are compared with those already obtained for other aliphatic tripodal polyamines. In general, the TPA ligand forms complexes less stable than 2,2′,2″-triaminotriethylamine (TREN) and tris(2-(methylamino)ethyl)amine (Me3TREN) as a result of the combination of higher structural rigidity of TPA and lower σ-donor ability of pyridinic moieties with respect to primary and secondary amines. The same trend is found if the stability of Ag(I) complex with TPA is compared with that of tris(2-(dimethylamino)ethyl)amine (ME6TREN), despite the pyridinic nitrogen is formally a tertiary one. Theoretical calculations run to explain the reasons of this weaker interaction indicate that this difference is due to solvation, rather than to steric or σ-donor effects. The ligand BTPA is able to form bimetallic species whose relative stability is largely influenced by the different solvation of Ag(I) ion in DMSO and DMF rather than by the difference in the dielectric constants of these two media.

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