Portable handheld X-Ray Fluorescence Spectroscopy (pXRF) is very effective and widely used technique for chemical analysis in field of archaeometry. The most advantageous feature of this technique is the possibility of analysing objects, artefacts on the spot without any sample-taking. In this study raw materials of 31 buckles from 7th century AD made of various kinds of bronze and silver alloys were analyzed to check similarities or differences between these objects via chemical analysis. Concentration ratios and distributions of alloying (Cu, Sn, Pb, Ag) and minor elements (Sb, Bi, Zn, Au) in material of bronze artifacts may have useful information suggesting important data about provenance and technology. Our recent study 27 bronze and 4 silver buckles were analyzed by pXRF and the results were used in statistical evaluation in order to get closer to provenance of raw materials and alloying technologies.
Authors:Rachel Popelka-Filcoff, Claire Lenehan, Michael Glascock, John Bennett, Attila Stopic, Jamie Quinton, Allan Pring, and Keryn Walshe
Ochre is a significant material in Aboriginal Australian cultural expression from ceremonial uses to its application on many
types of artifacts. However, ochre is a complex material, with associated surrounding minerals potentially challenging the
overall analysis. In recent literature several studies have attempted to characterize ochre by a variety of techniques to
understand procurement and trade. However, ochre is difficult to differentiate on major elemental or mineralogical composition
and requires a detailed analysis of its geochemical “fingerprint”. Neutron activation analysis (NAA) provides the high sensitivity
(sub-ppm), precision and accuracy in multi-elemental analysis required for ochre. The elements of interest for ochre generally
include rare earth elements (REEs) and certain transition metal elements as well as arsenic and antimony. Data from relative
comparator NAA (MURR, University of Missouri, USA) is compared with data from k0-NAA OPAL (ANSTO, Lucas Heights, Australia). A discussion of the two methods will be examined for their utility in “fingerprinting”
the provenance of ochre. The continuing importance of NAA to archaeometry will also be discussed.
Authors:Bernadett Bajnóczi, Zoltán May, Anna Ridovics, Máté Szabó, Géza Nagy, and Mária Tóth
, E. (eds.): Proceedings of the 33rd International Symposium on Archaeometry, 22-26 April 2002, Amsterdam. Geoarchaeological and Bioarchaeological Studies 3, Institute for Geo- and Bioarchaeology , Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam, 249 – 252 .
I. K. W hitbread . : The characterisation of argillaceous inclusions in ceramic thin sections . Archaeometry 28 ( 1986 ) 79 – 88 .
W hitbread 1989 I. K. W hitbread . : A proposal for the systematic description of thin sections towards
Authors:Anna Ridovics, Zoltán May, Bernadett Bajnóczi, and Mária Tóth
International Symposium on Archeometry , May 15–19, Mexico. 1 – 4 .
G RATUZE , B. – S OULIER , I. – B LET , M. – V ALLAURI , L. 1996 : De l’origine du cobalt: du verre à la céramique . Revue d’Archéométrie 20 , 77 – 94 .
G YURICA Anna 1992
Authors:János Gábor Tarbay, Zoltán Kis, and Boglárka Maróti
Клочко–Козыменко 2017 = В. И. Клочко – A. B. Козыменко : Древний металл Украины [Ancient metal of Ukraine] . Киев 2017 .
Kockelmann–Kirfel 2006 = W. Kockelmann – A. Kirfel : Neutron diffraction imaging of cultural objects . Archaeometry