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Abstract  

Among Belver C. Griffith's many contributions to disciplinary communication is the idea that science and scholarship at large constitute a social system to be investigated empirically. This paper reports findings of an author co-citation analysis of the field of human behavioral ecology that expands Griffith's concept of the social system of scientific communication to fit a socioecological framework. Cluster analysis and multidimensional scaling techniques are used to characterize the research specialty at large and portray five respondents' individual resource maps. The techniques reveal co-citation relationships among authors whose work they had referenced in recent articles. Survey data on searching and handling behaviors for an aggregated sample of 180 cited references are correlated with core-periphery zones of the individual maps. Findings that types of socially mediated communication and distinctive information foraging behaviors correlate with different zones of a bibliographic microhabitat support an interpretation that active specialty members conform to foraging efficiency principles as predicted by prey-choice models from optimal foraging theory.

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related to Author Co-citation Analysis. Eugene Garfield ( 1975 ) already considered mapping of science a new kind of ‘review literature’ which does not only serve as a tool for scientific information generally but might also be suited to help students with

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Mapping the intellectual structure of information retrieval studies: an author co-citation analysis, 1987–1997 Journal of Information Science 25 67 – 78

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publications). Analysis of the author co-citation network An author co-citation analysis can be done at least in two ways: The traditional way ensuing McCain's paper (McCain 1990 ) uses a vector model to compare the co

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analysis revisited . Applied Linguistics , 25 : 89 – 116 . WHITE , H. D. , MCCAIN , K. W. ( 1998 ), Visualizing a discipline: An author co-citation analysis of information science, 1972

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analysis of information science in China with Chinese Google scholar search engine . Scientometrics 2009 81 1 33 – 46 10.1007/s11192-009-2063-x . Ma , FC , Song , EM . An author co-citation analysis

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includes the journal co-citation analysis, the author co-citation analysis and the document co-citation analysis. The journal co-citation analysis can be used to identify the core journal set. The author co-citation analysis offers a new technique that

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of documents in various scientific categories and domain. These analyses include primarily the author co-citation analysis and the journal co-citation analysis. Here, the journal co-citation analysis identifies the role of the primary journals in the

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eds. Emerging trends in scientometrics Allied Publishers New Delhi 225 – 241 . White , HD 2003 Pathfinder networks and author co-citation analysis: A remapping of

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. Ma , RM , Dai , QB , Ni , CQ , Li , XL 2009 An author co-citation analysis of information science in China with Chinese Google Scholar search engine, 2004–2006 . Scientometrics 81 1 33 – 46 10.1007/s11192-009-2063-x

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