Authors:Norman R. Greenberg, Zu Wei Zhai, Rani A. Hoff, Suchitra Krishnan-Sarin, and Marc N. Potenza
extracurricular activities were compared to those that did not endorse any extracurricular activities. Presence of lifetime marijuana and drug use were assessed. Grade average, frequency of smoking, frequency of alcohol use, and frequency of caffeine use were
Authors:Federico Cavanna, Carla Pallavicini, Virginia Milano, Juan Cuiule, Rocco Di Tella, Pablo González, and Enzo Tagliazucchi
/trait anxiety, negative affect) and with higher scores of dimensions linked to well-being and resilience (mainly positive affect, autonomy, social ties, and well-being); conversely, other drugs (including prescription drugs, caffeine, alcohol, tobacco, and
content that reached 5%–7%. Only later did attention focus on the large seeds, which contain the active ingredients theobromine, caffeine, and theophylline ( Powis, Valdez, Hester, Hurst, & Tarka, 2002 ).
Regarding the place of origin of the
Authors:Barna Konkolÿ Thege, David C. Hodgins, and T. Cameron Wild
( 1995 ) examined co-occurrences among 16 excessive behaviors in a clinical sample. The authors identified a “nurturance” factor (e.g., excessive eating, shopping, exercise, work, or caffeine use) and a “hedonism” factor (e.g., use of alcohol, nicotine
Authors:Elfrid Krossbakken, Ståle Pallesen, Helge Molde, Rune Aune Mentzoni, and Turi Reiten Finserås
Griffiths , R. R.
( 2004 ). A critical review of caffeine withdrawal: Empirical validation of symptoms and signs, incidence, severity, and associated features . Psychopharmacology, 176 ( 1 ), 1 – 29 . doi: 10.1007/s00213-004-2000-x 10.1007/s
Authors:Robert M. Heirene, David Shearer, Gareth Roderique-Davies, and Stephen D. Mellalieu
alcohol ( Bohn, Krahn, & Staehler, 1995 ) and caffeine ( West & Roderique-Davies, 2008 ), suggesting it could also be effectively adapted to assess levels of extreme sports craving. Similar methods can also be utilized to measure anhedonia and negative
Authors:Kyoung Min Kim, Sam-Wook Choi, Jaewon Lee, and Jun Won Kim
, male sex, and age between 18 and 65 years. Subjects were excluded if any of the following applied: a diagnosis of substance-use disorder other than nicotine or caffeine, based on the DSM-5 criteria; use of psychotropic medications over the previous year
Authors:Kyoung Min Kim, Sam-Wook Choi, Dohyun Kim, Jaewon Lee, and Jun Won Kim
criteria were diagnosis of gambling disorder according to DSM-5 criteria, male gender, and age between 18 and 65 years old. Subjects were excluded if any of the following applied: a diagnosis of substance use disorder other than nicotine and caffeine based
Authors:Lucia Romo, Joel Ladner, Gayatri Kotbagi, Yannick Morvan, Dalia Saleh, Marie Pierre Tavolacci, and Laurence Kern
), cognitive problems, and excessive use of caffeine ( Chamberlain, Derbyshire, Leppink, & Grant, 2015 ). This should promote an earlier screening and management.
Our results concerning PIU were consistent with those found by Dalbudak et al. ( 2015