Authors:Federico Cavanna, Carla Pallavicini, Virginia Milano, Juan Cuiule, Rocco Di Tella, Pablo González, and Enzo Tagliazucchi
impairment (state/trait anxiety, negative affect) and with higher scores of dimensions linked to well-being and resilience (mainly positive affect, autonomy, social ties, and well-being); conversely, other drugs (including prescription drugs, caffeine
content that reached 5%–7%. Only later did attention focus on the large seeds, which contain the active ingredients theobromine, caffeine, and theophylline ( Powis, Valdez, Hester, Hurst, & Tarka, 2002 ).
Regarding the place of origin of the
Authors:Barna Konkolÿ Thege, David C. Hodgins, and T. Cameron Wild
( 1995 ) examined co-occurrences among 16 excessive behaviors in a clinical sample. The authors identified a “nurturance” factor (e.g., excessive eating, shopping, exercise, work, or caffeine use) and a “hedonism” factor (e.g., use of alcohol, nicotine
Authors:Elfrid Krossbakken, Ståle Pallesen, Helge Molde, Rune Aune Mentzoni, and Turi Reiten Finserås
Griffiths , R. R.
( 2004 ). A critical review of caffeine withdrawal: Empirical validation of symptoms and signs, incidence, severity, and associated features . Psychopharmacology, 176 ( 1 ), 1 – 29 . doi: 10.1007/s00213-004-2000-x 10.1007/s
Authors:Robert M. Heirene, David Shearer, Gareth Roderique-Davies, and Stephen D. Mellalieu
alcohol ( Bohn, Krahn, & Staehler, 1995 ) and caffeine ( West & Roderique-Davies, 2008 ), suggesting it could also be effectively adapted to assess levels of extreme sports craving. Similar methods can also be utilized to measure anhedonia and negative
Authors:Lucia Romo, Cindy Legauffre, Alice Guilleux, Marc Valleur, David Magalon, Mélina Fatséas, Isabelle Chéreau-Boudet, Amandine Luquiens, Jean-Luc Vénisse, JEU Group, Marie Grall-Bronnec, and Gaëlle Challet-Bouju
et al., 2015 ). Moreover, probable existing ADHD symptoms were identified in 21.4% of gamblers. ADHD symptoms were associated with an earlier age of onset of gambling behavior, higher Barratt impulsivity scores (all three subscales), greater caffeine
Authors:Kyoung Min Kim, Sam-Wook Choi, Jaewon Lee, and Jun Won Kim
, male sex, and age between 18 and 65 years. Subjects were excluded if any of the following applied: a diagnosis of substance-use disorder other than nicotine or caffeine, based on the DSM-5 criteria; use of psychotropic medications over the previous year
Authors:Lucia Romo, Joel Ladner, Gayatri Kotbagi, Yannick Morvan, Dalia Saleh, Marie Pierre Tavolacci, and Laurence Kern
), cognitive problems, and excessive use of caffeine ( Chamberlain, Derbyshire, Leppink, & Grant, 2015 ). This should promote an earlier screening and management.
Our results concerning PIU were consistent with those found by Dalbudak et al. ( 2015
Authors:Kyoung Min Kim, Sam-Wook Choi, Dohyun Kim, Jaewon Lee, and Jun Won Kim
criteria were diagnosis of gambling disorder according to DSM-5 criteria, male gender, and age between 18 and 65 years old. Subjects were excluded if any of the following applied: a diagnosis of substance use disorder other than nicotine and caffeine based