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a more environmental friendly and sustainable stored product protection. In general, these desired efforts correspond to the requirements of integrated pest management (IPM). Acknowledgements We thank for providing of bioinoculants to Natur Agro

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Acta Phytopathologica et Entomologica Hungarica
Authors: Zsolt Kárpáti, Csengele Bognár, Erzsébet Voigt, Miklós Tóth, and Béla Péter Molnár

be harmed by the insecticides. The most important aim of integrated pest management (IPM) is to spatiotemporally predict the existence of pests to determine efficient insecticide delivery timing ( Lefebvre et al., 2015 ). So far only the chromotropic

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Acta Phytopathologica et Entomologica Hungarica
Authors: Zsolt Kárpáti, Csengele Bognár, Erzsébet Voigt, Miklós Tóth, and Béla Péter Molnár

be harmed by the insecticides. The most important aim of integrated pest management (IPM) is to spatiotemporally predict the existence of pests to determine efficient insecticide delivery timing ( Lefebvre et al., 2015 ). So far only the chromotropic

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European Journal of Microbiology and Immunology
Authors: Abdelaziz Ed-Dra, Fouzia Rhazi Filali, Slimane Khayi, Said Oulghazi, Brahim Bouchrif, Abdellah El Allaoui, Bouchra Ouhmidou, and Mohieddine Moumni

 µg Amoxicillin–clavulanic acid AMC 20 µg/10 µg Imipenem IPM 10 µg

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Horizontal (field) resistance to late blight and common scab that is controlled by numerous genes proved to be quite durable in certain potato varieties in Hungarian trials. Although it is difficult to breed for this type of resistance, it has become the preferable strategy in today's breeding programmes, providing long-lasting and less vulnerable protection. Potato breeding in Hungary has produced some promising cultivars such as White Lady, Százszorszép and Rebeka with multiple disease resistance that may play an important role in the Integrated Pest Management (IPM) of near future.

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, flonicamid is considered as a novel selective feeding inhibitor and potential alternatives in Integrated Pest Management (IPM) programms. It belongs to a new chemical class of pyridine-carboxamides. It owns a systemic action and long-term toxicity against

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, flonicamid is considered as a novel selective feeding inhibitor and potential alternatives in Integrated Pest Management (IPM) programms. It belongs to a new chemical class of pyridine-carboxamides. It owns a systemic action and long-term toxicity against

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Species richness and composition of carabid assemblages were investigated on the ground surface of differently treated (abandoned, commercial and IPM) apple and pear orchards in Hungary. Extensive sampling was carried out by pitfall trapping in 13 apple and 3 pear orchards located in ten different regions. 28 230 individuals belonging to 174 species were collected. Additional four species were collected by trunk-traps and 23 species were found during the review of earlier literature. Altogether 201 carabid species representing 40% of the carabid fauna of Hungary were found in our and earlier studies. The species richness varied between 23 and 76 in the different orchards, the average species richness was 43 species. The common species, occurring with high relative abundance in the individual orchards in decreasing order were: Pseudoophonus rufipes, Harpalus distinguendus, Harpalus tardus, Anisodactylus binotatus, Calathus fuscipes, Calathus erratus, Amara aenea, Harpalus affinis and Pterostichus melanarius. The species with wide distribution, occurring in more than 75% of the investigated orchards in decreasing order were: Pseudoophonus rufipes, Trechus quadristriatus, Harpalus tardus, Harpalus distinguendus, Pterostichus melanarius, Amara aenea, Amara familiaris Calathus fuscipes, Poecilus cupreus, Calathus ambiguus, Calathus melanocephalus, Pseudoophonus griseus and Harpalus serripes. Species, which are rare in Hungary, and therefore are interesting in respect of faunal research, were: Amara cursitans, Harpalus progrediens, Notiophilus pusillus, Olisthopus rotundatus, Pangus scaritides and Parophonus hirsutulus.

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Research Notes 15 1 Reckhaus, P. M. and Andriamasintseheno, H. E. (1995): Development of an IPM strategy to fight RYMV and

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. (2000): Manipulation of wavelength-dependent behaviour of insects: an IPM tool to impede insects and restrict epidemics of insect-borne viruses. Virus Research 71, 213-220. Manipulation of wavelength-dependent behaviour of

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