the crucible of world history. Thus, the Joseon Dynasty fell and the Korean Empire emerged in 1897; Japan colonized Korea, which underwent a long period of occupation and war, before receiving its independence, albeit as a divided nation, following the
1 Introduction In 1960, South Korea was amongst the world's poorest countries with a GDP per capita of US $158. By the 1990s however, they had reached a GDP per capita of $6,516; and in 2018, according to the World Bank, it was as high as $31
The rapid technological development of South Korea (hereafter Korea) has been well documented, but there has been little rigorous data analysis of collaboration and scientific co-authorship among Korean researchers
reviews forces in a range of countries, framing discussion with remarks about expanded schooling, changing roles of the state, and household demand. It elaborates on patterns in Korea, Mauritius, Kenya and England to illustrate the themes through case
Environmental radiation monitoring in Korea can be categorized as (1) nationwide monitoring program and (2) monitoring program for nuclear facilities. The former is designed to quickly detect any abnormal situation in environmental radioactivity levels. The latter has the objective of evaluating environmental radioactivity levels resulting from the operation of nuclear facilities. This paper describes the two monitoring programs, how they are implemented, items of being measured, analytical techniques, quality control programs and R&D activities associated with the monitoring. Also, some of the latest data obtained by the monitoring programs are introduced.
been found positive for Aino virus in South Korea ( Lim et al., 2007 ). It has also been reported that the seroprevalence of Aino virus in cattle and native goats ( Capra hircus ) were 4.5% and 13.3%, respectively ( Yang et al., 2008a ; Jun et al
collaboration and research innovation.
This paper conducts a social network analysis (SNA) of co-authorship data for Korean PRIs in the fields of science and engineering, in which research activities are actively underway, in an endeavour to measure the
Descriptions for 5 Caloplaca species new for science (C. chejuensis S. Y. Kondr. et J.-S. Hur, Caloplaca coreana S. Y. Kondr. et J.-S. Hur, C. galbina S. Y. Kondr. et J.-S. Hur (all from Korea), C. loekoesii S. Y. Kondr. et J.-S. Hur (from Korea and China), and C. safavidiorum S. Y. Kondr. et B. Zarei-Darki (from Iran)), as well as descriptions of 3 rediscovered species (Caloplaca diffluens (Hue) Zahlbr. (from Korea and China), C. multicolor (Hue) S. Y. Kondr. et J.-S. Hur, and C. spodoplaca (Nyl.) Zahlbr. (both from Korea), which were described from Korea and Japan more than one century ago and not recorded from that time), including diagnostic characters important for the present taxonomy of the genus Caloplaca s. l., are provided. The new combination, Caloplaca multicolor (Hue) S. Y. Kondr. et J.-S. Hur (Basionym: Lecidea multicolor Hue), is proposed.