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Abstract  

The standard (p 0=0.1 MPa) molar enthalpies of formation, in the condensed phase, of nine linear-alkyl substituted thiophenes, six in position 2- and three in position 3-, at T=298.15 K, were derived from the standard massic energies of combustion, in oxygen, to yield CO2(g) and H2SO4·115H2O(aq), measured by rotating-bomb combustion calorimetry. The standard molar enthalpies of vaporization of these compounds were measured by high temperature Calvet Microcalorimetry, so their standard molar enthalpies of formation, in the gaseous phase, were derived. The results are discussed in terms of structural contributions to the energetics of the alkyl-substituted thiophenes, and empirical correlations are suggested for the estimation of the standard molar enthalpies of formation, at T=298.15 K, for 2- and 3-alkyl-substituted thiophenes, both in the condensed and in the gaseous phases.

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Abstract  

Molar heat capacities (C p,m) of aspirin were precisely measured with a small sample precision automated adiabatic calorimeter over the temperature range from 78 to 383 K. No phase transition was observed in this temperature region. The polynomial function of C p,m vs. T was established in the light of the low-temperature heat capacity measurements and least square fitting method. The corresponding function is as follows: for 78 K≤T≤383 K, C p,m/J mol-1 K-1=19.086X 4+15.951X 3-5.2548X 2+90.192X+176.65, [X=(T-230.50/152.5)]. The thermodynamic functions on the base of the reference temperature of 298.15 K, {ΔH TH 298.15} and {S T-S 298.15}, were derived. Combustion energy of aspirin (Δc U m) was determined by static bomb combustion calorimeter. Enthalpy of combustion (Δc H o m) and enthalpy of formation (Δf H o m) were derived through Δc U m as - (3945.262.63) kJ mol-1 and - (736.411.30) kJ mol-1, respectively.

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Thermodynamic investigation of room temperature ionic liquid

Heat capacity and thermodynamic functions of BPBF4

Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: Z. Zhang, L. Sun, Z. Tan, F. Xu, X. Lv, J. Zeng, and Y. Sawada

Abstract  

The molar heat capacities of the room temperature ionic liquid 1-butylpyridinium tetrafluoroborate (BPBF4) were measured by an adiabatic calorimeter in temperature range from 80 to 390 K. The dependence of the molar heat capacity on temperature is given as a function of the reduced temperature X by polynomial equations, C p,m [J K−1 mol−1]=181.43+51.297X −4.7816X 2−1.9734X 3+8.1048X 4+11.108X 5 [X=(T−135)/55] for the solid phase (80–190 K), C p,m [J K−1 mol−1]= 349.96+25.106X+9.1320X 2+19.368X 3+2.23X 4−8.8201X 5 [X=(T−225)/27] for the glass state (198–252 K), and C p,m[J K−1 mol−1]= 402.40+21.982X−3.0304X 2+3.6514X 3+3.4585X 4 [X=(T−338)/52] for the liquid phase (286–390 K), respectively. According to the polynomial equations and thermodynamic relationship, the values of thermodynamic function of the BPBF4 relative to 298.15 K were calculated in temperature range from 80 to 390 K with an interval of 5 K. The glass transition of BPBF4 was observed at 194.09 K, the enthalpy and entropy of the glass transition were determined to be ΔH g=2.157 kJ mol−1 and ΔS g=11.12 J K−1 mol−1, respectively. The result showed that the melting point of the BPBF4 is 279.79 K, the enthalpy and entropy of phase transition were calculated to be ΔH m = 8.453 kJ mol−1 and ΔS m=30.21 J K−1 mol−1. Using oxygen-bomb combustion calorimeter, the molar enthalpy of combustion of BPBF4 was determined to be Δc H m 0 = −5451±3 kJ mol−1. The standard molar enthalpy of formation of BPBF4 was evaluated to be Δf H m 0 = −1356.3±0.8 kJ mol−1 at T=298.150±0.001 K.

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combustion properties were evaluated through microscale combustion calorimetry (MCC) experiment. In addition, TG, Real Time FTIR, and TG-FTIR were used to investigate the thermal degradation process of the materials. SEM and Raman diffusion measurements were

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Thermochemical properties of three piperidine derivatives

1-benzyl-4-piperidinol, 4-benzylpiperidine and 4-piperidine-piperidine

Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: M. Ribeiro da Silva and Joana Cabral

Abstract  

The standard (p o=0.1 MPa) molar energies of combustion for the crystalline 1-benzyl-4-piperidinol and 4-piperidine-piperidine, and for the liquid 4-benzylpiperidine, were measured by static bomb calorimetry, in oxygen, at T=298.15 K. The standard molar enthalpies of sublimation or vaporization, at T=298.15 K, of these three compounds were determined by Calvet microcalorimetry. Those values were used to derive the standard molar enthalpies of formation, at T=298.15 K, in their condensed and gaseous phase, respectively.

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Thermodynamic investigation of room temperature ionic liquid

Heat capacity and thermodynamic functions of BMIBF4

Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: Z. Zhang, Z. Tan, Y. Li, and L. Sun

Abstract  

The molar heat capacities of the room temperature ionic liquid 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate (BMIBF4) were measured by an adiabatic calorimeter in temperature range from 80 to 390 K. The dependence of the molar heat capacity on temperature is given as a function of the reduced temperature X by polynomial equations, C P,m (J K–1 mol–1)= 195.55+47.230 X–3.1533 X 2+4.0733 X 3+3.9126 X 4 [X=(T–125.5)/45.5] for the solid phase (80~171 K), and C P,m (J K–1 mol–1)= 378.62+43.929 X+16.456 X 2–4.6684 X 3–5.5876 X 4 [X=(T–285.5)/104.5] for the liquid phase (181~390 K), respectively. According to the polynomial equations and thermodynamic relationship, the values of thermodynamic function of the BMIBF4 relative to 298.15 K were calculated in temperature range from 80 to 390 K with an interval of 5 K. The glass translation of BMIBF4 was observed at 176.24 K. Using oxygen-bomb combustion calorimeter, the molar enthalpy of combustion of BMIBF4 was determined to be Δc H m o= – 5335±17 kJ mol–1. The standard molar enthalpy of formation of BMIBF4 was evaluated to be Δf H m o= –1221.8±4.0 kJ mol–1 at T=298.150±0.001 K.

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over a ramped temperature range of preferably 300–900 °C [ 1 ]. In this study, micro-scale combustion calorimetry (MCC) and thermogravimetric analysis coupled to Fourier transform infrared spectrometer (TG-FTIR) has been used to investigate the

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combustion calorimetry (MCC) was used to determine the flammability characteristics of treated cotton fabrics according to ASTM D 7309-07. About 5-mg specimens were thermally decomposed in an oxygenated environment at a constant heating rate of 1 K s −1

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Abstract  

The standard molar enthalpy of formation Δf H m 0=–760±12 kJ for amorphous silicon nitride a-Si3N4 has been determined from fluorine combustion calorimetry measurements of the massic energy of the reaction: a-Si3N4(s)+6F2(g)=3SiF4(g)+2N2(g). This value combined with Δf H m 0= –828.9±3.4 kJ for a-Si3N4 indicates that determined for the first time molar enthalpy change for the transition from amorphous to α-crystalline form Δtrs H m 0=69±13 kJ is very evident, in spite of its large uncertainty range resulting from impurity corrections.

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Abstract  

The standard (pº = 0.1 MPa) molar enthalpies of formation in the condensed state of chromone-3-carboxylic acid and coumarin-3-carboxylic acid were derived from the standard molar energies of combustion in oxygen at T = 298.15 K, measured by combustion calorimetry. The standard molar enthalpies of sublimation were obtained by Calvet microcalorimetry. From these values the standard molar enthalpies in the gaseous phase, at T = 298.15 K, were derived. Additionally estimates of the enthalpies of formation, of all the studied compounds in gas-phase, were performed using DFT and other more accurate correlated calculations (MCCM and G3MP2), together with appropriate isodesmic, homodesmic or atomization reactions. There is a reasonable agreement between computational and experimental results.

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