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). St. Petersburg, Russia. Eswaran, H., 1999. Time zero of modern soil classification. Soil Survey Horizons. 40. (3) 104–105. Fanning, D. S. & Fanning, M. C. B., 1989. Soil

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GIS adaptation and digital reambulation of large-scale soil information originating from various agrogeological surveys has become a key issue in Hungary due the recent challenges. The national programme initiated by L. Kreybig for the systematic, 1:25,000 scale practical soil mapping of Hungary was carried out between 1935 and 1951, and provided detailed soil information (1:25,000 scale maps and complementary database in the form of explanatory booklets) for the whole country. Later farm level (1:10,000 scale) soil surveys fulfilled the practical requirements of Hungarian agriculture, producing a huge quantity of map based, soil related data. These archives still represent a valuable treasure of soil information at present. Their digital reambulation and GIS adaptation is a challenging task, which was initiated by RISSAC GIS Lab in co-operation with various institutions. The aim of these activities is the development of large-scale soil modules of a Hungarian production database for the determination of the optimal functions of agriculture in a given region, together with the harmonization of agricultural production and the protection of land and environment.

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A key issue of the applicability of both traditional soil maps and soil information systems (SSISs) is their accuracy. Essentially, the main practical aim of soil surveys/mapping and spatial soil information is prediction. A traditional tool of this information extension is the classical (crisp) soil map (using soil mapping units), which generally constitute the geometric basis of SSISs, too. Numerous novel methods have been developed for producing more accurate soil maps, however traditional crisp soil maps are still extensively applied, as they offer the most easily interpretable results for the majority of users. On the other hand, accuracy of this kind of soil maps can be increased in several ways: with the refinement of soil contours; with the subdivision of mapping units taking into consideration smaller, within patch inhomogeneities; and with the refinement of attribute information (more recent data, more precise measurement, up-to-date methodology, more appropriate classification etc.). The GIS adaptation of soil information originating from the 1:25,000 scale practical soil mapping of Hungary is under construction. Compilation of the Kreybig Digital Soil Information System (KDSIS) involves both its integration within appropriate spatial data infrastructure and updating with efficient field correlation, which make an inherent refinement and upgrading of the system possible. The first attempts for the field-based updating of KDSIS have been done, using field GIS technology. Processes of desktop and field reambulation of the detailed, complex, national spatial soil information system are presented in this paper.

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) Theoretical foundations and ways to control soil fertility. (Teoreticheskie osnovy i prakticheskie sredstva izmeneniya plodorogia pochvy.) 304 Soil survey staff (1990): Keys to soil

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) in 2000 (extremely dry) and 2010 (extremely wet) . Journal of Maps . 8 . 157 – 164 . SOIL SURVEY STAFF , 1999 . Soil taxonomy: A basic system of soil classification for making and

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survey data for quantitative land evaluation. Adv. Soil Science. 9 . 177--213. Using soil survey data for quantitative land evaluation. Adv. Soil Science

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Soil Survey Staff. 1972. Soil survey laboratory methods and procedures for collecting soil samples. Soil Survey Investigation, Report no. 1, Washington. Soil Survey Staff. 1975. Soil Taxonomy. Agriculture Handbook N° 436

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Agrokémia és Talajtan
Authors:
Endre Dobos
,
Péter Vadnai
,
Réka Bertóti
,
Károly Kovács
,
Erika Michéli
,
Tamás Szegi
,
Emil Fullajtar
,
Vit Penizek
, and
Marcin Switoniak

techniques for use in soil survey. Geoderma. 97 . 293–327. McBratney A. B. An overview of pedometric techniques for use in soil survey Geoderma

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Soil Survey Staff , 1999. Soil Taxonomy. A Basic System of Soil Classification for Making and Interpreting Soil Surveys. Agricultural Handbook No. 436. 2 nd ed. Natural Resources Conservation Service, USDA. Washington, D. C

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, E. , Fuchs , M. , Tóth , J. A. , Csorba , Á. , Szegi , T. , 2017 . Javaslat a hazai láptalajok osztályozásának megújítására . Agrokémia és Talajtan . 66 ( 1 ) 183 – 199 . Soil Survey

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