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spray-dried Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG . Int. Dairy J . 15 : 399 – 409 . Anh , S.W. , de La Pena , R. , Candole , B.L. , Mew , T.W. 1986 . A new scale for rice

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Aluminate sodalite ceramics, (Sr8Al12O24)(CrO4)2) — SACR, have been prepared from solution spray-dried precursors. The spray drying of a mixed aqueous nitrate solution gave an anhydrous powder which was thermally decomposed in air at 1350 °C to give a crystalline SACR powder with a median volume diameter of 4–6 μm. The SACR powder was dry pressed and sintered to >90% density. The yellow SACR powder showed two phase transitions between 10 and 45 °C with a 25 ° intermediate phase region indicative of a low defect concentration in the crystalline structure. A colour change observed in the sintered ceramic (changing to a mixed green/yellow) and a narrowing of the phase transition region (15–40 °C) are discussed. Dielectric measurements were consistent with the presence of two extrinsic ferroelectric transitions at 17 and 35 °C.

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The formation of crystalline inclusion complex of triamterene with β-cyclodextrin (β-CD) was studied, evaluating the thermal behaviour and dispersion state of this drug in different types of binary systems. Spray-drying and co-grinding (oscillating mill) mixtures of triameterene with β-CD were prepared in 1∶1 molar ratio. The changes of crystalline properties of original (untreated) triamterene, β-CD, and composites obtained by co-grinding and spray-drying were investigated in comparison with those produced in simple physical mixtures. The thermal behaviour of the different samples was investigated using DTA. X-ray diffraction was applied as a complementary technique. The results have been explained by formation of amorphous drug particles on spray-drying samples and co-grinding or alternatively by means of a solid dispersion formation or a combination of these two. A contamination effect by grinding media was also observed as increasing grinding time.

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The interaction among moisture content, solvent loss and glass transition temperature is relevant for processing of spray-dried pharmaceuticals, since the glass transition temperature determines the application range of a compound. Conventional Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) does usually not allow to separate glass transitions from common kinetic effects like evaporation or crystallization. Based on classical DSC methods, the IsoStepTM method allows the independent determination of heat capacities and kinetic effects, and thus, the separation of kinetic effects from effects arising from heat capacity changes. This technique is used to separate glass transition and evaporation processes, and to find the relation between moisture content and glass transition temperature for a pharmaceutical sample based on a modified Gordon–Taylor equation.

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. Bernstein , A. & Noreña , C.P.Z. ( 2015 ): Encapsulation of red cabbage ( Brassica oleracea L. var. capitata L. f. rubra) anthocyanins by spray drying using different encapsulating agents . Braz. Arch. Biol. Techn. , 58 , 944 – 952

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. Jantzen , M. ; Göpel , A. ; Beermann , C. ( 2013 ) “ Direct Spray Drying and Microencapsulation of Probiotic Lactobacillus Reuteri from Slurry Fermentation with Whey ”, in Journal of Applied Microbiology 115 ( 2013 ), pp. 1029 – 1036

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Acta Alimentaria
Authors: J.A. Pino, E. Sauri-Duch, O. Sosa-Moguel, C.A. Can-Cauich, V.M. Moo-Huchin, and L. Cuevas-Glory

libraries. The constituents of the aroma distillate were quantified after the areas of each detected compound were normalised and expressed as a percentage area. Process optimisation for the spray drying and volatiles retention was done by using the total

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Preparation of microspherical granules from aerosilogels

The way of spray drying in overheated water steam

Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: Jadwiga Skubiszewska-Zięba and V. Sydorchuk

Abstract  

The influence of the conditions of aerosil dispersion spray drying process in the medium of overheated water steam on the formation of microspheric granules and their porous structure was studied. Water and ammonium solutions as aerosil particles dispersing agents and water steam and air as heat carriers were used. It was stated that the effects of spray drying depend on the kind of dispersing medium and on the conditions of atmosphere and temperature at which drying and forming of aerosilogel granules takes place.

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Microencapsulation of Lippia sidoides essential oil was carried out by spray drying. Blends of maltodextrin and gum arabic were used as carrier. Spray dried microparticles were characterized using conventional (thermogravimetry, evolved gas analysis) and combined (thermogravimetry-mass spectrometry analysis) thermal analysis techniques in order to evaluate the abilities of carriers with different compositions in retaining and in releasing the core vs. dynamic heating. Thermal analysis was useful to evaluate the physico-chemical interactions between the core and carriers and to determine the protective effect of the carriers on the evaporation of essential oil.

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